Areas of Cooperation, Wassenaar Arrangement, the Australia Group and Missile Technology Control Regime

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Areas of Cooperation

Defence

US has been pressing India to sign three defence accords:

  • End Use Monitoring Agreement(EUMA)

  • Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CIS MoA).

  • Mutual Logistic Support Agreement (MLSA)

  • So far, (2010), India has signed only the EUMA. The agreement proscribes India from retrofitting and adapting military equipment to its needs without the Original Equipment Manufacturers’ consent and participation.

  • US companies Lockheed Martin and Boeing had bid for the Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) for IAF. In May 2011, however, they were knocked out of the race.

US Also Wants to Sign Three Military Pacts with India

  • Logistics Sharing Agreement

  • Communication Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA)

  • Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-Spatial Cooperation (BECA)

July 2010

  • US National Security Advisor General (Retd) James Jones visits India. The visit served to ‘reinforce strategic relations.’

  • In June, Obama and Manmohan Singh had met on the side-lines of the G-20 conference in Toronto, Canada.

  • Nuclear Liability Act was passed in India in August. US pushing for amendments to it to end supplier liability.

  • India signed Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage.

November 2010

  • President Obama’s visit to India. He is visiting India during his first term contrary to Bush and Clinton. This reflects the growing relationship between the two countries. He, unlike Bush and Clinton, is not going to Pakistan after the visit; thus, de-hyphenating the two countries.

  • Prior to the visit, recognizing India as a key to strategic US interests, the US has sought to strengthen its relationship with India. India and US have common interest in the free flow of commerce and also share an interest in fighting terrorism and creating a stable Asia.

  • In the past there were differences between the two countries over India’s nuclear programmes. However, now they have moved towards greater civil nuclear cooperation.

Obama’S Visit

Trade

  • US signs contracts worth $10 bn with India. Expected to generate 50000 jobs in US.

  • India-US ink an agreement for cooperation in shale gas technology that would help it exploit vast untapped unconventional source.

UN Reforms

  • Obama endorsed India’s bid for permanent UNSC membership.

  • In response, China said it favoured “democratic and patient consultations” on the issue.

  • Reforming the SC is going to be, however, a difficult and time-consuming affair

  • P5 seem united in the view that new permanent members should not have veto power

  • It seems that US will evaluate India’s current term in the SC keenly

Iran and Myanmar

  • Obama talked about the growing threat posed by Iran and the need to isolate the military regime in Myanmar

  • US diplomats have time and again tried to convince India to cut off economic ties with Iran.

  • India had backtracked on the gas pipeline with Iran after it was made a condition to for signing of the Indo-US nuclear deal

  • India has to pursue a carefully balanced foreign policy here.

  • India will need oil and gas for its growth and hence relations with Iran are very important to us

  • South Korea, one of US’s closest allies, maintains strong economic ties with Iran

Nuclear Agreement and Military Ties

  • The US announcement regarding the lifting of curbs on export of hi-technology items, reducing the list of Indian companies subject to severe licensing in dealing with American companies (entities list) and support to membership of bodies such as NSG further reduces the gulf between the two sides on strategic basis.

  • Announced US’s intention to support India’s membership in four global non-proliferation clubs: NSG, Australia Group, Missile Technology Control Regime and Wassenaar Arrangement.

  • India has agreed to go for big defence deals after signing the “end user monitoring agreement” signed in 2009. This agreement deprives India from adopting the machines to its local requirements on its own.

Terrorism and Pakistan

  • Obama didn’t directly blame Pakistan for terrorism

  • He said that a safe and stable Af-Pak are in both India and US interests

Kashmir

  • He said US was willing to lend a helping hand if both parties so desire

  • It is well known that US views the Kashmir dispute as a serious diversion to its war efforts in Afghanistan.

Agriculture

  • Signed an agreement titled ‘evergreen agreement’

  • Urged India to not only ‘look East’ but to ‘engage East’.

  • Seen as presenting India as a counterbalance to China in the region

Wassenaar Arrangement

It is a multilateral export control regime with 40 participating states (India is not yet a member: Nov 2010). Its secretariat is located in Vienna.

The Australia Group

The Australia Group (AG) is an informal forum of countries which, through the harmonisation of export controls, seeks to ensure that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons.

Missile Technology Control Regime

The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) is an informal and voluntary partnership between 34 countries to prevent the technology capable of carrying a 500 kg payload at least 300 km.

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