International Finance Corporation and Atomic Energy Agency, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

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International Finance Corporation (IFC)

Headquarters

Washington

It was established in July 1956. It is affiliated to World Bank. The basic object of the Corporation is to supplement the activities of the World Bank. It will seek to bring together investment opportunities, domestic and foreign private capital and experienced management. The membership of the Corporation will be open to those countries which are members of the World Bank.

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Headquarters

Vienna

It was set up under the U.N. to make recommendations for the use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes. All the nations are to pay a part of fissionable material and also Uranium at the disposal of the Agency. The Agency was established at meeting of 82 nations held in New York in September 1956.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

Headquarters

Geneva

It was negotiated in 1947 and came into force on January 1, 1948. It is the only treaty setting rules for world trade. Its functions are to ease trade barriers and establish rules of fair trade. In recent years, GATT made special efforts to develop international trade and has also given particular emphasis on increasing the export trade of developing countries. GATT was replaced by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on January 1, 1995.

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

Headquarter

Geneva, Switzerland

Conference of Directors of the International Meteorological Organisation meeting in Washington in 1947, adopted a convention creating the W.M.O. It aims at improving weather observations and to adopt common measures for weather reporting in order to prevent-disaster caused by natural calamities like cyclones, typhoons etc.

World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)

Headquarters

Geneva, Switzerland

The convention establishing WIPO was signed at Stockholm in 1967 by 51 countries and came into force in April 1970. In Dec. 1974 WIPO became a specialized agency of the U.N.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

The establishment of IFAD was one of the major actions proposed by 1974 World Food Conference. The agreement for IFAD came into force on 30 Nov. 1977 following attainment of initial pledges of $ 1,000 and the agency began its operations.

Headquarters

Rome, Italy

United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO)

Headquarters

Vienna

It provides developing and underdeveloped countries with advice on all aspects of industrial policy converted into a specialized agency by U.N. in 1985.

UN Members

Important Personalities

Abul Fazal

Abul Fazal was the oldest of Akbar’s ‘Nine Jewels’. He as the brother of Faizi. He was a profound scholar of his time and rose to Akbar’s Prime Minister. He wrote Ain-i-Akbari.

Abraham Lincoln

He was the son of a woodcutter, rose to be the 16th President of the United States who wanted to abolish slavery and on account of this there was a civil war between the southern and northern States of America. He won the civil war and abolished slavery.

Abdul Kalam a.P.J

Dr. Aavul Pakkiri Jainulabidin Abdul Kalam was born in 1931 at Rameswaram in Ramanathapuram, Tamilnadu. He was familiarly known as the “Missile Man of India”. He became the eleventh President of India on July 25, 2002. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1998. He wrote books like “Wings of Fire”‘ “India 2020”, and “Ignited Mind”.

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler is a German Dictator who was born in Austria. He led the Nazi party and became German Chancellor in the year 1933. He ordered the invasion of Austria and Czechoslovakia. His invasion of Poland in 1939 started the Second World War. He committed suicide in Berlin in 1945. He was the author of Mein Kamp. He is also called “Fuehrer”.

Ahalyabai

Born in 1735 and daughter of Manakoji Shinde of Chante, Ahalyabai did her elementary education and married Kanauji, the son of Malharrao Holkar in 1744. Her husband was killed in siege of Kanauji in 1754. Malharrao appointed her for the administration of his territories. Her son Malerao succeeded after the death of Holkar but actual reigns of office were in the hands of Ahalyabai. She administered the territory astutely and renovated many temples. She died on August 13, 1795.

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