Motilal Nehru, Muhammad Tughlak, Munshi, K. M. And Muthulakshmi

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for IAS : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 109K)

Motilal Nehru

A great patriot, famous lawyer and leader of Swaraj Party, was father of Jawaharlal Nehru.

Muhammad Tughlak

The real name of Muhammad Tughlak was Jauna Khan. He made Devagiri his capital and named it Daulatabad. This hasty project of the Sultan has caused immense suffering to the people. He issued copper coins and ordered that they should be considered equal in value to the gold and silver coins. But the people began to make counterfeit coins. The result was that the government suffered heavily, and the trade and industry came to a standstill. The Sultan was a man of able ideals which were far in advance by the age in which he lived. Ibn Batuta, the celebrated Arabian traveller visited his court and wrote a very interesting account of his experiences.

Munshi, K.M

A great writer, educationalist and expert on constitutional law. He played an active role for India’s freedom. He is associated with `Vanamahotsava’.

Muthulakshmi

Dr. Muthulakshmi was a pearl among women and a champion among social reformers. She was the first Indian woman to take MB & C.M. Degree in Medicine. She campaigned against the evil custom of the Devadasi system. By this, young girls were dedicated to the temple and subjected to moral indignities in the name of God. She is the founder of Adyar Cancer Institute.

Nagarjuna

He was the famous scholar during the period of Kanishka. His works have been found in China and Tibet.

Nand Lal Bose

A famous Indian Artist was the Director of Kala Bhavan, Shantiniketan. He died in the year 1966.

Napoleon Bonaparte

French military leader nicknamed “Little corporal” became emperor of France from 1804 to 1815. He was victorious in various battles against England, Russia and Austria but was finally defeated at Waterloo in 1815 and was exiled to St. Helena where he died.

Narayana Guru, Sri

He was a great social reformer, saint and philosopher of Kerala who had a place next to Adi Sankara. He flourished in the first half of the twentieth century and worked for eradication of untouchability and social equality based on caste. He was the first to propagate “One caste, one religion and one God” for man.

Nelson Mandela

The Former South African President and Nobel Prize Laureate (1993) were on November 29, 2000, selected to share the Gandhi Peace Prize with the Grameen Bank of Bangladesh for his “exemplary work resulting in social economic and political transformation through non-violence and Gandhian means”. The award which carries an amount of Rs.1 crore and a citation has for the first time been jointly awarded to two persons or institutions. Dr. Nelson Mandela, who dedicated his life to fight against apartheid in South Africa and spent 27 years in prison to bring down an unjust political order, is also the second foreign recipient of Bharat Ratna (1990).

Niccolo Machiavelli

An Italian statesman, diplomat and historian who advocated that the ends justified the means. The Prince and Discourses are two of his political treatises.

Nicolas Copernicus

He was a Polish priest and astronomer. He made the great discovery that the earth is a planet moving round the Sun, with other planets and that the earth was not the centre of the Universe.

Nightingale

A famous English Nurse who organised the nursing service in aid of soldiers who were wounded in the Crimean War. She came to be called “The Lady with the Lamp”.

Pandita Ramabai

She started the Sarada Sadan, a school for widows. She also started Krupa Sadan. It was a rescue home for girls who were forced into prostitute homes under dire circumstances. She also founded Mukti Mission which became a shelter for the downtrodden women and girls. In the complex of Mukti Mission at Poona there are schools for the blind and for the mentally retarded.

Pottekkatt S.K

The renowned writer was the second Malayalam writer to get the 1981 Jnanapith Award, the first being the late Mahakavi G.Sankara Kurup.

Prithvi Raj Chauhan

Prithvi Raj Chauhan also known as Rai Pithora was the last Hindu ruler of Delhi and Ajmer. He waged many wars. It is said that he carried off Samyukta, the beautiful daughter of Jai Chand, ruler of Kanauj from her Swayamvar. This caused bad blood between Prithvi Raj and Jai Chand. In 1191, he defeated Muhammed Ghori, but in 1192, he was defeated by the latter and put to death. This court poet Chand Bardai wrote an account of Prithvi Raj in Prithvi Raj Rasau.

Priyanka Chopra

The Famine Miss. India (World) from Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh) was crowned Miss. World 2000 at the 50th Miss World beauty Pageant in London on November 30, 2000. The 18-year-old Priyanka Chopra is the Fifth Indian to win the Miss. World title after Rita Faria (1966), Aishwarya Rai (1994), Diana Hayden (1997) and Yukta Mookhey (1999).

Developed by: