India – States, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir

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India - States

Gujarat

  • Area: 1, 96,024 sq.km.

  • Capital: Gandhinagar

  • No. of Districts: 25

  • Population: 50, 596, 992 (2001)

  • Growth rate : 22.548% (1991-2001)

  • Density per sq.km. : 258

  • Sex ratio: 921 (per 1000 males)

  • Literacy rate : 69.97%

  • Males : 80.50%

  • Females: 58.60%

  • Principal Language : Gujarati

  • Legislature: Unicameral

  • Location: Located in Western India, Gujarat is bounded in North by Pakistan & Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh in the East, Maharashtra in the South-East and Arabian Sea in the West.

Haryana

  • Area: 44, 212 sq.km.

  • Capital: Chandigarh

  • No. of Districts: 19

  • Population: 21,082,989 (2001)

  • Growth rate : 28.06% (1991-2001)

  • Density per sq.km. : 477

  • Sex ratio: 861 (per 1000 males)

  • Literacy rate : 68.59%

  • Males : 79.25%

  • Females: 56.31%

  • Principal Language : Hindi

  • Legislature: Unicameral.

  • Location: Haryana is bounded by Uttar Pradesh & Delhi in the East, Punjab & Himachal Pradesh in the North & Rajasthan in the South & the West.

Himachal Pradesh

  • Area: 55,673 sq.km.

  • Capital: Shimla

  • No. of Districts: 12

  • Population: 6,077,248 (2001)

  • Growth rate : 17.53% (1991-2001)

  • Density per sq.km. : 109

  • Sex ratio: 970 (per 1000 males)

  • Literacy rate : 77.13%

  • Males : 86.02%

  • Females: 68.08%

  • Principal Languages: Hindi and Pahari.

  • Legislature: Unicameral.

  • Location: Himachal Pradesh is bounded North by Jammu and Kashmir, South by Uttaranchal & Uttar Pradesh, Tibet (China) in the East and Punjab in the West.

Jammu and Kashmir

  • Area: 2, 22,236 sq.km.

  • Capital: Srinagar (summer) Jammu (winter)

  • No. of Districts: 14

  • Population: 10,069,917

  • Growth rate : 29.04% (1991-2001)

  • Density per sq.km. : 99

  • Sex ratio: 900 (per 1000 males)

  • Literacy rate : 54.46%

  • Males : 65.75%

  • Females: 41.82%

  • Principal Language: Kashmiri, Dogri, Gujri, Punjabi, Urdu, Balti, Dadri, Pahari and Ladakhi;

  • Legislature: Bicameral

  • Location: Located in the extreme North, the State is bounded North by China, East by Tibet (China), South by Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and West by Pakistan.

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