High Courts and Their Jurisdiction, Political Parties in India

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High Courts and Their Jurisdiction

Name of High Court Territorial Jurisdiction

  • Allahabad: State of Uttar Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh: State of Andhra Pradesh

  • Gawahati: States of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura.

  • Mumbai: States of Maharashtra & Goa and Union Territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli.

  • Kolkata: State of West Bengal & Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands

  • Delhi: Delhi

  • Gujarat: State of Gujarat

  • Himachal Pradesh: State of Himachal Pradesh

  • Jammu & Kashmir: State of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh

  • Kerala (Ernakulum): State of Kerala and Union Territory of Lakshadweep

  • Madhya Pradesh: State of Madhya Pradesh

  • Chennai: State of Tamil Nadu and Union Territory of Pondicherry.

  • Karnataka: State of Karnataka

  • Orissa: State of Orissa

  • Patna: State of Bihar

  • Punjab & Haryana: States of Punjab and Haryana & Union Territory of Chandigarh.

  • Rajasthan: State of Rajasthan

  • Sikkim: State of Sikkim

  • Bilaspur: State of Chhattisgarh

  • Nainital: State of Uttaranchal

  • Ranchi: State of Jharkhand

Political Parties in India

  • According to one estimate, there have been over 200 political parties in India since Independence. But the country has experienced single-party dominance. A large number of regional parties exist in India. The Political parties in the country may be classified into three major groups:-

    • Rightist,

    • Leftist and

    • Centrist and Left of Centre.

  • A recognised political party has been classified either as a ‘national party’ or a ‘state party’, the norm being: If a political party is recognised in four or more States, it is deemed a ‘national party’ and one recognised in less than four States, is a ‘State Party’ in the State/s in which it is recognised as such. A party which state/s in which it is recognised as such. A party which secures at least 4 percent of the votes polled in the State can be recognised as a state or regional part.

National Parties

  • Bharatiya Janata Party

  • Communist Party of India

  • Communist Party of India (Marxist)

  • Indian Congress (Socialist - S.C. Sinha)

  • Indian National Congress

  • Janata Party (JP)

  • Samajvadi Janata Party

  • Lok Dal (B)

  • Lok Dal (Ajit)

  • Janata Dal

State Parties

  • All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

  • All India Forward Blocs

  • All India Muslim Leagues

  • All Parties’ Hill Leaders’ Conference

  • Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

  • Goa Congress

  • Hill State Peoples’ Democratic Party

  • Indian Congress (J)

  • Jammu & Kashmir National Conference

  • Jammu & Kashmir People’s Conference

  • Jammu and Kashmir Panthers’ Party

  • Kerala Congress

  • Kerala Congress (J)

  • Kuki National Assembly

  • Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party

  • Manipur People’s Party

  • Muslim League

  • Naga National Democratic Party

  • Pattali Makkal Katchi

  • Peasants’ and Workers’ Party of India

  • People’s Conference

  • People’s Party of Arunachal

  • Plains Tribal Council of Assam

  • Public Demands Implementation Convention

  • Revolutionary Socialist Party

  • Shiromani Akali Dal

  • Sikkim Prajatantra Congress

  • Sikkim Congress (R)

  • Sikkim Sangram Parishad

  • Tripura Upajati Juba Samiti

  • Telugu Desam

  • Bhaushab Bandodkar Gomantak

  • Asom Gana Parishad, Assam

  • United Minorities Front, Assam

  • United Democratic Party, Manipur

  • Hill People Union

  • Mizo National Front

  • Shiv Sena

  • Shiv Sena (B)

  • Forward Bloc

  • Jharkhand Mukti Mochas

  • National Conference

  • Rising Sun Party

  • Indian Congress (J)

  • Nagaland People’s Council

  • Nagaland People’s Party

  • Marrumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

  • Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar)

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