United Nations Agencies & Programs with Environmental Concerns: Primary UN Environmental Agency

Get top class preparation for Bank-PO right from your home: get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of Bank-PO.

United Nations

  • What UN Do:
    • Maintain International peace and security
    • Protect human rights
    • Deliver Humanitarian Aid
    • Promote Sustainable Development
    • Uphold International Law
  • Where UN Work: Africa, Americas, Asia and Pacific, Europe and Central Asia, Middle East

UN Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • Serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
  • Assessing global, regional, and national environmental conditions and trends.
  • Developing international and national environmental instruments.
  • Strengthening institutions for the wise management of the environment.
  • Categorize work into seven broad thematic areas:
    • climate change,
    • disasters and conflicts,
    • ecosystem management,
    • environmental governance,
    • chemicals and waste,
    • resource efficiency,
    • environment under review
  • Looking for new ways to leverage partnerships to drive sustainable development.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

  • Sustainable use of the components of biological diversity.
  • Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
  • To promote integration of biodiversity considerations into sectoral policies or cross-sectoral strategies.
  • Ensuring development dimension in National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) .
  • To facilitate exchange of experiences and the dissemination of lessons learned.
  • Good practices regarding integration of biodiversity into development sectors and poverty reduction strategies and programmes.
  • To strengthen linkages between CBD Programmes of Work and development/poverty alleviation and raise awareness of the Parties on this crucial issue.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

  • CITES works by subjecting international trade in specimens of selected species to certain controls.
  • All import, export, re-exports and introduction from the sea of species covered by the convention has to be authorized through licensing system.
  • Each Party to the Convention must designate one or more Management Authorities in charge of administering that licensing system.
  • One or more Scientific Authorities to advise them on the effects of trade on the status of the species.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO)

  • Provides development assistance.
  • Provides advice to governments on the subject of general policies.
  • Collects analyses, disseminates information, and acts as an international forum to discuss issues related to food and agriculture.
  • Organization shall collect, analyse, interpret, and disseminate information relating to nutrition, food, and agriculture.
  • FAQ serves as a knowledge network.
  • FAO also publishes hundreds of newsletters, reports, and books, distributes several magazines, and creates numerous electronic fora.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

  • Preparation of the assessment reports is a major IPCC function.
  • It also supports other activities, such as Data Distribution Centre and the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme required under UNFCCC.
  • Also, produces Special Reports, which are an assessment on a specific issue and Methodology Reports.
  • Conducts assessment of knowledge based on published and peer reviewed scientific and technical literature.
  • Answers inquiries from the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) .

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

  • IFAD՚s work focuses on poor rural people.
  • It՚s including poor smallholder farmers, anglers and pastoralists, as well as landless and indigenous people.
  • IFAD՚s goal is to empower poor rural men and women in developing countries to achieve higher incomes and improved living.

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

  • Responsible for safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
  • Work in developing international safety regulations​s and recommendations for shipping.
  • Also, recommendations to prevent pollution of the seas by ships.
  • Maritime security is an integral part of IMO՚s responsibilities.
  • Information on Liability and compensation regimes developed by IMO and issues dealt with by IMO՚s Legal Committee.
  • Focuses on the human side of shipping.
  • IMO՚s work at the ship-port interface, including standardization and harmonization of procedures as well as security issues.
  • Information on IMO՚s Technical Cooperation Programme.
  • Implementation of IMO treaty instruments lies with States that are Parties to those instruments.
  • IMO՚s Public Information Service promotes global awareness of the Organization.

Secretariat of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

  • Convention works with partners to promote good land stewardship.
  • Achieve land degradation neutrality (LDN) through voluntary national targets.
  • By achieving LDN, they will secure the health and productivity of the land.
  • Mitigate the effects of drought and make people and ecosystems more resilient to climate change.

UN Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC)

  • CTC works to bolster the ability of UN Member States to prevent terrorist acts both within their borders and across regions.
  • Facilitates counter-terrorism technical assistance to countries.
  • Aim of the Committee: To increase the ability of States to fight terrorism, it is not a sanctions body nor does it maintain a list of terrorist groups or individuals.

UN Development Programme (UNDP)

  • UNDP focuses on helping countries build and share solutions in three main areas:
    • Sustainable development
    • Democratic governance and peace building
    • Climate and disaster resilience
  • Encourage the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women, minorities and the poorest and most vulnerable.

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

  • A first task set by UNFCCC was for signatory nations to establish national greenhouse gas inventories of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals.
  • Used to create 1990 benchmark levels for accession of Annex I countries to the Kyoto Protocol and for the commitment of those countries to GHG reductions.
  • Updated inventories must be submitted annually by Annex I countries.

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

  • To facilitate worldwide cooperation in establishment of networks of stations for making of meteorological observations as well as hydrological and other geophysical observations related to meteorology.
  • Promote establishment and maintenance of centres charged with the provision of meteorological and related services.
  • Promote maintenance of systems for rapid exchange of meteorological and related information.
  • Promote standardization of meteorological and related observations.
  • Application of meteorology to aviation, shipping, water problems, agriculture and other human activities.
  • Promote activities in operational hydrology and to further close cooperation between Meteorological and Hydrological Services.
  • Encourage research and training in meteorology and as appropriate in related fields.
  • To assist in coordinating international aspects of such research and training.

United Nations System Chief Executive Board for Coordination

  • Carries out its role through two high-level committees:
    • High-Level Committee on Programmes (HLCP)
    • High-Level Committee on Management (HLCM)
  • Provides broad guidance, coordination, and strategic direction for the system as a whole in the areas under responsibility of executive heads.
  • Focus is placed on inter-agency priorities and initiatives while ensuring that the independent mandates of organizations are maintained.

UN Information Service (UNIS)

  • To help fulfil substantive purposes of UN by communicating the activities and concerns of the Organization to the public.
  • Plays a dual role: As UN Information Centre it serves four client countries - Austria, Hungary, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
  • By serving as the local voice of the UN in these countries.
  • To promote an informed understanding of the work and goals of the UN, by reaching out to media, government, academia, schools, and civil society organizations.
  • Provides public information support and promotional services to the substantive programmes of the United Nations based in Vienna.
  • Acts as Secretariat to the United Nations Communications Group in Vienna.

UN News Centre –

  • ‘Standing up for our right to truth,’ UN celebrates press freedom
    • UN agencies urge global action as drought looms over Africa՚s Sahel region.
    • UN chief denounces terror attack on electoral commission HQ in Libyan capital.
    • UN chief ‘optimistic’ over peace efforts to denuclearize Korean Peninsula.
    • ‘Marathon of suffering’ in Syria conflict, far from over: UN humanitarian adviser.
    • Mental health ‘neglected issue’ but key to achieving Global Goals, say UN chiefs.
    • UN chief condemns violence in Central African Republic capital Bangui.
    • 90 % of the planet is breathing in polluted air – World Health Organization.
    • South Sudan: UN Mission chief urges warring parties to abide by truce agreement.
    • Vitamin A deficiency puts 140 million children at risk of illness and death – UNICEF.

UN Children՚s Fund (UNICEF)

  • Protection of children՚s survival, health, and well-being.
  • Provide funds for training personnel including health and sanitation workers, teachers and nutritionists.
  • To make efforts to prevent diseases like TB, Malaria, Eye/Skin diseases etc.
  • Provide help to children and mothers in emergencies like calamity, strikes, and epidemics.
  • Provide technical supplies, aids equipment՚s, medicines, pipes, and pumps.
  • To help governments to plan, develop and give best services in fields like maternal and child health, nutrition, clean water and sanitation.

UN Division for Sustainable Development

  • Support to UN intergovernmental processes on sustainable development
  • Analysis and policy development
  • Capacity development at the request of Member States
  • Inter-agency coordination
  • stakeholder engagement, partnerships, communication and outreach
  • Knowledge management

UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • To promote intellectual co-operation and mutual understanding of peoples through all means of mass communication.
  • To give fresh impulse to popular education and to the spread of culture.
  • To maintain, increase and diffuse knowledge.
  • To encourage scientific research and training.
  • To apply sciences to ensure human development and the rational management of natural resources.

The Medium-Term Strategy has defined five functions for the period 2002 - 2007:

  • A laboratory of ideas
  • A clearing house
  • A standard setter
  • A capacity builder in member states
  • A catalyst for international cooperation

UN Forum on Forests (UNFF)

Main task: Achieving the four global objectives on forests and implementing the UN non-legally binding instrument on all types of forest.

Global Objectives on Forests

  • Reverse loss of forest cover worldwide through sustainable forest management (SFM) .
  • Increase forest-based economic, social, and environmental benefits.
  • Increase significantly the area of sustainably managed forests, including protected forests.
  • Increase proportion of forest products derived from sustainably managed forests.
  • Reverse the decline in official development assistance for sustainable forest management.
  • Mobilize significantly increased new and additional financial resources from all sources for the implementation of sustainable forest management.

Earthprint. Com (UNEP՚s Official Online Book Shop)

  • Supplying and distributing books around the world for over 14 years.
  • Official On-Line Supplier of all books for the University of London International Programmes.
  • Also, distribute around the globe for the UN, UNEP, and many other NGO՚s.
  • Guarantee competitive pricing; secure on-line payment and the most cost-effective courier/shipping with free on-Line Tracking.

E-MINE: The Electronic Mine Information Network

  • Play a role in mine-action programs in 30 countries and three territories.
  • Demining and mine-risk education is carried out by nongovernmental organizations.
  • Commercial contractors and in some situations, militaries provide humanitarian mine-action services.
  • A variety of intergovernmental, international, and regional organizations, as well as international financial institutions.
  • Also, support mine action by funding operations or providing services to individuals and communities affected by landmines and explosive remnants of war.

Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB) , UNESCO

  • Encourage young scientists, in developing countries, to use MAB research, project sites, and biosphere reserves in their research.
  • Encourage young scientists who already use such sites to undertake comparative studies in other sites in or outside their own country.
  • Promote and encourage exchange of information and experience among a new generation of scientists.
  • Strengthen communication of LAP within young scientists and strengthen its visibility.
  • Involve young scientist in the implementation of the LAP.
  • Increase awareness among young scientists of the role of research in the implementation of SDGs – in specific when conducted in biosphere reserves.

UN System-Wide Earth Watch

  • Maintaining an effective UN system-wide Earth watch process
  • Implementation of Agenda 21 Chapter 40: Information for Decision-making
  • Implementation of UNEP Environmental Observing and Assessment Strategy
  • Supporting the Global Environment Outlook (GEO) process and other UNEP state-of-the-environment reporting.
  • Providing UNEP leadership in the Integrated Global Observing Strategy (IGOS) Partnership
  • Strengthening collaboration and coordination with the scientific community.
  • Stimulating the development of indicators of environment and sustainable development.

World Food Programme (WFP)

  • Country capacity strengthening
  • Emergency relief
  • Food assistance: cash-and in-kin
  • Humanitarian support and services
  • Operations database
  • Resilience building
  • South-South cooperation

UN Population Fund (UNFPA)

UNFPA Supports

  • Reproductive health care for women and youth in more than 150 countries.
  • Health of pregnant women, especially 1 million who face life-threatening complications each month.
  • Reliable access to modern contraceptives sufficient to benefit 20 million women a year.
  • Training of thousands of health workers to help ensure at least skilled attendants supervises 90 % of all childbirths.
  • Prevention of gender-based violence, which affects 1 in 3 women.
  • Abandonment of female genital mutilation, which harms 3 million girls yearly.
  • Prevention of teen pregnancies, complications of which are the leading cause of death for girls 15 - 19 years old.
  • Efforts to end child marriage, which could affect an estimated 70 million girls over the next 5 years.
  • Delivery of safe birth supplies, dignity kits and other life-saving materials to survivors of conflict and natural disaster.
  • Censuses, data collection and analyses, which are essential for development planning.

World Health Organization (WHO)

  • Providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed.
  • Shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation, and dissemination of valuable knowledge.
  • Setting norms and standards, promoting, and monitoring their implementation.
  • Articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options.
  • Providing technical support, catalyzing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity.
  • Monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends.

Developed by: