Amendment Bills: Central Universities, Funding, Posts, Coverage, Exceptions, National Institutes of Importance, Societies Registration Act

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  • An Amendment is a change to a bill (a proposed law).

  • The Amendments allow for bills to be improved or altered as they progress through the Parliament.

  • Amendments can be introduced in either the House of Representatives or the Senate.

Amendment Bills

Amendment Bills

  • present there is no Central University in Andhra Pradesh. Other states except Goa have one or more Central University.

The Central Universities (Amendment Bill, 2019)

  • The Central Universities (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha on July 8, 2019 by the Minister of Human Resource Development.

  • The Bill proposed to establish a Central University and Tribal University in Andhra Pradesh and was successfully passed by both the houses of Parliament in July 2019.

  • The Bill also proposed to amend Central Universities Act, 2009, which establishes universities for teaching and research in various states.

  • Establishment of Central University and Central Tribal University in State of Andhra Pradesh is obligatory under Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014.

  • The Central Tribal University will offer research facilities in fields of art, culture and technology to the tribal population.

  • Additional measures have also been proposed in the new amendment bill for providing higher educational and research facilities in tribal art, culture, and customs primarily to tribal population of India.

  • A time period of 4 years has been allotted to setup Central University of Andhra Pradesh and Central Tribal University of Andhra Pradesh.

The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014

  • This act is also known as the Telangana Act.

  • The Telangana Act is an Act of Indian Parliament that bifurcated the state of Andhra Pradesh into Telangana and the residuary Andhra Pradesh state.

  • Hyderabad became the new capital of Telangana state and a temporary capital of the Andhra Pradesh state.

  • This act defined the defined the boundaries of the two states, determined how the assets and liabilities were to be divided.

Funding

  • A total of Rs 450 crore has been sanctioned for 1st stage of Central University project against total amount of Rs. 902.07 crore.

  • An amount of Rs.420 crore has been sanctioned for Tribal University against an outlay of Rs. 836 crore.

The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Bill, 2019

  • The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Human Resource Development on June 27, 2019 and was passed by the Parliament on 3 July 2019.

  • The bill was first of all passed in the Lok Sabha on 1st July, 2019 and later on in the Rajya Sabha.

  • This bill replaced the “The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Ordinance, 2019”.

Features

  • As per the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Bill, 2019, the Universities and Colleges will be considered as one unit thereby restoring earlier reservation system based on 200 point roster.

  • The Departments/Subjects will no longer be treated as one unit.

  • More than 7000 existing vacancies will be allowed in Central Educational Institutions paving the way for filling up 3 lakh vacancies in the Government (Central and State) Educational institutions by direct recruitment in Teacher’s Cadre.

  • To ensure compliance of the Constitutional Provisions of Articles 14, 16 and 21.

  • To ensure full representation of the Scheduled Castes/ the Scheduled Tribes, the socially and Educationally Backward Classes and Economically Weaker Sections in direct recruitment in teachers’ cadres.

Reservation of Posts

  • This bill provides for reservation of posts in direct recruitment of teachers (out of the sanctioned strength) in central educational institutions.

  • To implement such reservations properly a central educational institution will be regarded as one unit.

  • The allocation of teaching posts for reserved categories would be done based on all positions of the same level (such as assistant professor) across departments.

Coverage and Exceptions

  • This bill will cover central educational institutions’ which include universities set up by Acts of Parliament, institutions deemed to be a university, institutions of national importance, and institutions receiving aid from the central government.

  • This bill excludes minority education institutions, certain institutions of excellence, research institutions, and institutions of national and strategic importance.

The Central Education Institutions Reservation in Teachers Ordinance, 2019

  • The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Ordinance, 2019 was promulgated on March 7, 2019.

  • For persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, this bill provides for reservation of teaching positions in central educational institutions including the socially and educationally backward classes.

  • In central educational institutions, the Ordinance provides for reservation of posts in direct recruitment of teachers out of the sanctioned strength. A central educational institution will be regarded as one unit for the purpose of such reservation.

  • This Ordinance would be applicable to ‘central educational institutions’ including universities set up by Acts of Parliament, institutions deemed to be a university, institutions of national importance, and institutions receiving aid from the central government.

  • The exclusion consists of certain institutions of excellence, research institutions and institutions of national and strategic importance which have been specified in the Schedule to the Ordinance along with the exclusion of minority educational institutions.

National Institute of Design Amendment Bill, 2019

  • The National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Commerce and Industry on July 30, 2019.

  • The National Institute of design Amendment Bill, 2019 was passed by the Rajya Sabha in the first week of August 2019.

  • This bill proposed to amend National Institute of Design Act, 2014, which declares National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad as an institution of national importance. This declaration was for the promotion of quality and excellence in education, research and training in all disciplines relating to design.

  • The bill proposed to declare four National Institutes of Design (NID) in Andhra Pradesh (Amaravati), Assam (Jorhat), Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal) and Haryana (Kurukshetra) as institutions of national importance.

  • At present these institutes are registered as Societies under Societies Registration Act, 1860.They do not have power to grant degrees or diplomas.

  • These institutes will be having the power to grant degrees or diplomas once these institutes are declared of national importance.

Significance of National Importance Tag

  • Both direct and indirect Job opportunities will be created.

  • This tag will also help in produce highly skilled manpower in design sector.

  • Sustainable design interventions for handloom, crafts, rural technology, small, medium (SMEs) and large scale enterprises (LSEs) and outreach programmes for capacity, capability and institution building will also be provided after getting the National Importance Tag.

  • It will enhance Design Industry both in domestic as well as international markets.

Societies Registration Act, 1860

  • The Societies Registration Act, 1860 is legislation in India enacted under the British Raj in India.

  • This act allows the registration of entities generally involved in the benefit of society - education, health, employment etc.

  • The Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860), which came into force on 21 May 1860.

  • The name and address of the society is a must.

  • Each and every present member of the Managing Committee should hold the name, addresses and occupation.

  • The rules and regulations of the society or the Articles of Association must be duly signed by all the office bearers.

  • The academic certificates of all the subscribers must be produced for all the educational societies.

  • Photocopies of the Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC) is a must be maintained for all the office bearers.

  • A fee of ₹5 is payable for registration.

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