Watershed Management-5 Components & 4 Landmarks (Special Focus on India) YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Watershed Management - 5 Components & 4 Landmarks (Special Focus on India)

Watershed Management (Special Focus on India)

What is Watershed? Its Formation

Need for Watershed Management

Components of Watershed Management

Objectives of Watershed Management

  • Conserve moisture
  • Prevent soil erosion
  • Control problems of drainage, salinity, & alkalinity
  • Control floods
  • Collect surplus run off
  • Recharge ground water or increasing water table in wells
  • Improve main & on-arm irrigation systems for higher productivity
  • Rehabilitate degraded lands; restore productivity & hydrologic function of degraded lands
  • Protect soil & water resources
  • Enhance water quality

Approaches to Watershed Management

Development of Watershed Programs in India

Landmarks in Watershed Management – India

  • Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP)
  • National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA)
  • Watershed Development Project in Shifting Cultivation Areas (WDPSCA)
  • Watershed Development Fund (WDF)

Major Contributions

  • Increase in groundwater recharge
  • Increase in number of wells and water bodies
  • Enhancement of cropping intensity
  • Changes in cropping pattern
  • Higher yields of crops and reduction in soil losses

Case Studies

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