15th Century States Kashmir

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Kashmir

  • It was ruled by Suhadev;
  • The next king was Rincana (1322 - 1323) ;
  • He was succeeded by Udaiyan Dev (1323 - 1338) ;
  • After his death in 1338, his wife Kota Devi assumed the power but her minister, Shah Mir, forced her to marry him and adopted the title Samsuddin;
  • He ruled from 1338 to 1342;
  • This marked the beginning of Muslim rule in Kashmir;
  • He was succeeded by Jamsid;

Alisher (1343 - 1354)

  • He adopted the title Allauddin;
  • He transferred his capital from Indrakot to Allauddinpur (Srinagar) ;

Shi-Rashmak (1354 - 1373)

  • His title was Sultan Shihabuddin;
  • He was a tolerant king;
  • He had good relations with the ruler of Nagarkota;
  • He banished his son and paved way for his brother, Hedal to succeed;

Sikandar (1389 - 1413)

  • His minister was Suha Bhatt;
  • He (Suha Bhatt) became a convert and named himself as Saifuddin;
  • He instigated Sikandar for Orthodoxy;
  • Sikandar destroyed temples and that is why he is called Butshikan - destroyer of idols;
  • He abolished sati practice and imposed Jaziya for the first time in Kashmir;
  • Ali Shah (1413 - 1420) Sahi Khan Alias Zain-Ul-Abedin (1420 - 1470)
  • He was the greatest king of Kashmir and is called Akbar of Kashmir;
  • The 2nd part of Rajtarangini, which is written by Jaunaraja, was compiled during his reign;
  • He is also known as Badshah or Tibet-i-khurd;
  • He abolished Jaziya and cowslaughter;
  • He withdrew ban on sati;
  • He sent 2 persons to Samarkand to learn the art of paper making and book binding;
  • Sriya Bhatt was his minister of Justice and also the Court՚s Physician;
  • He imported shawl making technique from Tibet;
  • He is also responsible for unifying Kashmir;
  • He built a Jaina lake and an artificial island is Wullur Lake;

Hazi Khan (1470 - 72)

  • His title was Sultan Haidar Shah;
  • The chak dynasty ruled between 1461 - 1588;
  • Yusuf Shah, of the Chak dynasty, was the last king;
  • After that Kashmir became a part of the Mughal Empire, during Akbar՚s reign;

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