Indus Valley Civilization-Dholavira, Balakot, Allahdino, Desalpur and Rojdi

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  • Kutchch in Gujarat.
  • Discovered by J. P. Joshi in 1967 - 68.
  • Excavated by R. S Bisht in 1991.
  • It has two parts: Citadel and Lower Town.
  • Excellent water management system with huge water reservoirs and check dams.
  • Elaborate stone gateways and rounded columns.
  • A scale made of buffalo bone has also been found.
  • The city was colorful probably pink and white with walls, roads, floors and roof decorated with colorful clay.
  • A public place has been found in the heart of the city which could be a stadium, a coronation ground, a market or an amphitheater.
  • Unlike the other 1-Harappan towns, which were divided into two parts the Dholavira was divided into three part Citadel, Middle Town and Lower Town. The first two were strongly protected by rectangular fortifications.


  • Near Las Bela, Somani Gulf in Karachi.
  • Pre-Harappan and mature Harappan site.
  • Discovered by George F. Dales in 1979.
  • A citadel has been found.
  • Store jar has also been found.
  • Big houses existed with bathrooms.
  • Centre of shell and bead making.


  • Coastal Karachi.
  • Discovered by W. A. Fairservis.


  • On the banks of Bhadar river at Gunthali (Bhuj) in Gujarat.
  • Discovered by P. P Pandya and MA Dhakey.
  • Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Post-Harappa site.
  • A massive fort found.


  • Near Rajkot in Saurashtra.
  • Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Post-Harappa site.

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