CAT Model Paper 1 Questions and Answers with Detailed Explanations (Official Sample Questions-Most Important for 2020-2021) Part 7

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54. Directions:

In the following question, out of the given altematives, choose the one best expressess the meaning of the given word.

BELITTLE

(A) Diminish

(B) Mock

(C) Disparage

(D) Scoff

Answer: C

Solution:

The word ‘belittle’ is used to consider or speak of (something) as less valuable or importantn than it really is. This is the exact same meaning conveyed by the word ‘Disparage’, thus making it the right answer choice.

55. Directions: The following sentences make up a paragraph. However, these sentences are not in the proper order. Find logical sequence for these sentences.

A. But in the industrial era destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means bombing the factories which are located in the cities.

B. So in the agrarian era, if you need to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, what you want to do is bum his fields, or if you’re really vicious, salt them.

C. How do you battle your enemy?

E. The idea is to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, and depending upon the economic foundation, the productive capacity is different in each case

F. With regard to defence, the purpose of military is to t e nation and prepared to do battle with its enemy.

(A) FDEBAC

(B) FCABED

(C) DEBACF

(D) DFEBAC

Answer: A

Solution:

The presence of the trasition word ‘but’ in the first sentence signifies that signifies that the sentence is expressing an idea contrary to an idea expressed in some previous sentence. We need to figure out which is that previous sentence. Furthermore, the first sentence starts off by saying ‘but in the institutional era’ which suggests that the contrariness is with respect to eras. Sentences B and C also talk about eras. But the transition word at the start of C is ‘now’ which expresses present era and hence it cannot come before any other past erachronogically. Thatis, if information era is the present era, talk about any other era will come before this. So sentence B is the correct sentence to come before the first sentence. Likewise, sentence C is the correct sentence to come after the first about any other era will come before this. So sentence B is the correct sentence to come before the first sentence. Likewise. Sentence C is the link BAC. Furthermore, all the three options have the link EBAC. Therefore, we only need to arrange D and F. Sentence F states that the purpose is to battle the enemy’ and D questions’ how do you battle the enemy’ thus D should come after F thus making answer option (a) the conect answer choice.

56. Group Question:

Question:

1. It is very easy to acquire bad habits, such as eating too many sweets, or consuming alcohol.

(A) In case of addicts of drinks, alcohol is not at all necessary in any way to anybody.

(B) The more we do a thing, the more we tend to like doing it.

(C) Millions of people do without it.

(D) This is called the ‘force of habit.’

6. In view of the disadvantages, total prohibition is enforced in some states.

(A ACBD

(B) BDAC

(C) BADC

(D) ADBC

Answer: B

Solution:

Option(a) is not correct because D is not a suitable sentence to precede sentence6. Options (c) & (d) are correct because the D following a does not any sense.

Option(b) is correct because sentence D is a continuation of B – habit in D refers to ‘the more we do…’ in D.

57. Group Question:

Question:

1. It is doubtful whether the Europeans who were bitten by the wanderlust and sailed to faraway lands like India had thought of themselves as tourists.

A. They were unemployable in their own country.

B. They were strung up with memories of the Black Death brought by bubonic plague and prefened move out of Europe.

C. Quite a good number of them who came as employee of East India Company were in the class of free booters and fortune seekers.

D. But there were also the others to whom the Orient, particularly India, appeared as the Gardeb of Eden as compared to snow sunk Europe.

6. Countries like India lived up to their expectations.

(A) ADBC

(B) DCAB

(C) CDAB

(D) CADB

Answer: D

Solution:

Only C can follow 1 bacause ‘them’ in C refers to the ‘Europeans’ in 1. CA go together talking about the ‘forture seekers’. D follows this as it talks of ‘other’.

58. For each question, selcet the best of the answer choices given.

Question:

In 1980, 13 percent of the Arbican population moved from urban area to suburban areas. This percentage stedily declined, until, in 1990, it reached 3 percent. If the statements about are true, all of the following statements concerning Arbicans between 1980 and 1990 could also be true EXCEPT.

(A) The number of Arbicans moving from suburban areas to urban areas also decreased.

(B) The Arbican population increased, and so did the number of Arbicans moving from urban to suburban areas.

(C) The Arbican population decreased, and so did the number of Arbicans moving from urban to suburban areas.

(D) The Arbican population decreased, and the number of Arbicans moving from urban to suburban areas remained the same.

Answer: A

The Conclusion: We need to find an anti-conclusion, somethig that could not be tru based on the evidence

The Evidence: 11 percent. Of Arbicans moved from urban to suburben areas in 1980, and this percentage fell steadily until it. Was down to 3 percent in 1990. If the total population decreased, and the percentage moving from urban to suburban areas decreased, then the number of Arbicans moving couldn’t remain the same; it would also have to decrease. That while the percentage decreased, so too did the actual number (a), is Consistent with the information we’re given. That the population increased, along with the number moving, (b), is also possible. The population and the number moving decreasing(C), is fine.

59. The KApoor Meatworks has a virtual monopoly on expensive, gourmet delicacies. In order to expand their market, they intend to offer a budget line oof less costly delicacies. Such a product is virtually unknown, and they realize that its success depends upon a heavy advertising campaign. They have decided to finance the advertising with the profits from their gourment line. Which of the following, assuming each is a realistic possibility, would pose the most serious obstacle to the Kapoor Meatworks’ project?

(A) The introduction of a budget line of delicacies completely undercuts the sales of the gourment line.

(B) At the start, the company spends more on advertising than it makes from sales of the budget line delicacies.

(C) When the budget, line delicacies grow in popularity, competitors enter the budget delicacies market and KApoor does not have a monopoly in that market

(D) Many of the consumers who purchase the budget line are tempted to try the delicacies offered in the gourmet line.

Answer: A

Solution:

The Conclusion: Kapoor Meatworks has decided to offer a budget line of delicacies in order to expand their market.

The Evidence Kapoor has a monopoly on expensive delicacies and wants to expand into budget delicacies. Its suddess depends on heavy advertising, which will be funded by profits from their gourmet line. If the ads for the new budget line attracted customers who were already buying Kapoor’s gourment line, then thry’d be be spending money to attract customers they already have There would be no expanded market. A Company is likely to spend more to advertise a new product(b), and if the ads work, then Kapoor’s market will expand. No one expects Kapoor’s new line to be a monopoly forever (C), and so the fact that other companies may enter the market isn’t serious obstacle. If they can attract new customers to their budget line, these people may buy their gourment line (d), and so their market should really expand.

60. Group Question:

Question:

Recent statistics make it seem unlikely that the total consumption of electricity determines its cost to individual consumers. Recent increases in total consumption, especially especially during the hot summer months, have sometimes been accompanied by a decrease in the cost per unit and at other times by an increase. Which of the following positions is best supported by the information presented above?

(A) It must be the case that the cost of electricity to consumers is what determines the total consumption.

(B) Even though a correlation exists between the total consumption of electricity and its cost to consumers, no causal relation exists.

(C) Further investigation into the way these statistics were gathered is certainly called for.

(D) The cost of electricity depende upon something other than the total consumption of electricity.

Answer: D

Solution:

The Evidence; Recent increases in consumption have been accopanied by upward and downward fluctuations of cost per unit. If the cost of electricity isn’t influenced by total consumption, it must be influenced by something else; that’s very reasonable. We only know that cost isn’t determined by consumption; we can’t from this, just infer the reverse(a). The evidence – the second sentence – tell us there’s no correlation(b). There’s no reason to doubt the validity of the statistics, (C).

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