CAT Model Paper 11 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 6

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55. The project manager is truly the heart and soul of a project. Project managers are expected to successfully bring their projects to fruition (achieved pre-determined quality) while keeping a tight rein on budgets (cos.) and schedules (time). In order to fulfill the requirement of time, cost and quality, a project manager needs to acquire a set of skills to help him to manage the project and solve variety of problems during the implementation of project. These skills can be divided into two categories, which are hard skills and soft skills.

Choices:

(A) Project managers are expected to acquire hard skills and soft skills in order to successfully implement projects.

(B) The project manager has to implement projects within set time frames.. also acquires essential skills during the course of the project.

(C) The project manager is pivotal to a project. Achievements of set goals, acquisition of specific skill sets are mandatory for his success.

(D) The heart and soul of a project is the project manager. He has to realize the goals keeping’ in. min, costs and schedules. Acqturmg soft skills and hard skills are integral to his development.

Answer: D

Option (d) captures all the aspects of the paragraph. All other options are incomplete.

56. Einstein, Hemmingway, van Gogh, these are some of the most gifted and talented mind ever to grace the earth. Were they normal? No, in fact they were far from it. Each had weaknesses of his own. Einstein was known to be a little crazy; Hemmingway enjoyed throwing one back every now and again. And van Gogh was deeply depressed for years.

So can these men still be geniuses despite their conditions? If so then was the great john Nash brilliant as well or simply insane?

Choices:

(A) Einstein, Hemingway, Van Gogh were immensely gifted and talented. They were geniuses in all respects.

(B) Eimiiinsteint, Htetrgewthay, Van Gogh were God’s own gift to humanity. Each had a weakness of his own kind. John Nash demonstrated similar traits. Were they truly geniuses?

(C) John Nash can be truly regarded as brilliant as Einstein, Hetruningway and Van Gogh. All of them had some weakness or the other; however that did not detract their greatness from them.

(D) The most gifted minds were in fact a little crazy. This facet is amplified by great geniuses like Einstein, Hetruningway, Van Gogh and Nash.

Answer: B

Solution:

Options (a), (c) and (d) represent individual facets, only (b) captures the essence and hence is the right answer choice.

57. Light is registered in the retina when photons lilt molecules of the pigment rhodopsin and change the molecules’ shape. Even when they have not been stnick by photons of light, rhodopsin molecules sometimes change shape because of normal molecular motion, thereby intruding error into the visual system. The amount of this molecular motion is directly proportional to the temperature of the retina.

Which one of the following conclusion is most strongly supported by the information above?

Choices:

Option (b)

Option (a) relates the temperature of the body to the amount alight absorbed by the retina. This relation has not been mentioned in the passage. The temperature is only related to the molecular motion. Hence option (a) is eliminated. Option (c) is not supported by the paragraph because there is no mention of the speed with which the rhodopsin mileages react to photons in the paragraph. Option (d) is eliminated as the paragraph does not draw any relation to the surface area of the retinas.

Option (b) draws a correct conclusion between the temperature of the body and the errors incurred. If the animal is in a hot surrounding, its molecular motion will increase and the rhodopsin molecule will change shape even without light registering in the retina. This leads to errors. Hence option (b) is the correct answer.

58. Critic: Political utility determines the popularity of a metaphor. In authoritarian societies, the metaphor of society as a human body governed by a head is pervasive. Therefore, the society-as-body metaphor, with it’s connecting. Between society’s proper functioning and governance by a head, promotes greater acceptance of authoritanan repression than do other metaphors, such as likening society to a family.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most wealcens the critic’s argument,

Choices:

(A) In authoritanan societies, the metaphor of society as a family is just as pervasive as the society-as-body metaphor.

(B) Every society tries to justify the legitimacy of its government through the use of metaphor.

(C) The metaphor of society as a human body is sornetitnes used in non-authoritarian societies.

(D) Authoritarian leaders are always searching for new metaphors for society in their effort to maintain their power

Answer: A

Solution

Option (a)

The critic’s argument is that the metaphor of society as a human body is more pervasive than other metaphors such as society as a fan this metaphor is used in author it. Inn societies and the populanty of a metaphor is determined by its political utility. Option (b) talks about justifying the legititnacy of its government which is irrelevant to the paragraph. Option (c) includes non-authoritarian societies which are outside the scope of the passage. Option (d) relates metaphors to an effort to maintain power which is not mentioned in the paragraph. Only option (a) manages to weaken the critic’s argument by saying that society as family is as pervasive as society as human body.

59. The architect proposed that supplies for the new wing of the hospital, which hospital administrators hoped to open by the end of the year, will be procured from providers.

Choices:

(A) That supplies for the new wing of the hospital, which hospital administrators hoped to open by the end of the year, will be

(B) That supplies for the hospital’s new wing, which hospital administrators hoped to be opened by the end of the year, be

(C) That the hospital’s new wing’s supplies, which hospital administrators hope to be opened by year’s end, might be

(D) That supplies for the new wing of the hospital, which hospital administrators hope to be open by the end of the years, were

(E) That supplies for the hospital’s new wing which hospital administrators hope to open by the end of the year, be

Answer: E

Solution:

The phrase proposed that creates a situation in which the subjunctive must used. The following verb, initially will be, needs to become be in order to be correct, so you can eliminate (A) and (D) might be in (C) is fine to the extent that it still uses the subjunctive. Of the remaining choices, you can eliminate (C) for misplacing a modifier. By placing supplies at the end of the first phrase, choice (C) illogically suggests that the administrators want the supplies to be opened. (E) is better than (B) because to open is clearer and less wordy than the passive to be opened Go with (E).

60. According to the enrollment statistics published by U.S. medical schools the number of female medical students is equivalent to the number of male medical students currently enrolled in medical school.

Choices:

(A) The number of female medical students is equivalent to the number of male medical students currently enrolled in medical school

(B) As many female as male students are currently enrolled in medical school

(C) The number of female students is as many as that of male students currently enrolled in medical school.

(D) As great as the number of female is the number of male students currently enrolled in medical school?

(E) Female and male students are currently enrolled in equal numbers in medical school

Answer: B

Solution

The initial sentence is certainly wordy, but looks for specific problems that you can fix. Let’s start with the terms describing the number, you’re given several options: the number . . . . is equivalent to, as many female as male students, the number . . . . is as ma, as, as great as the number . . . , and the students are enrolled en equal numbers. Options (C) and (D) are grammatically incorrect because each uses the wrong idiom to describe the number. None of the remaining choices is grammatically incorrect, so focus on their expression. Answer choice (B) is clearly the most succinct option, and since it is still faithful to the original meaning of the sentence, it is the correct choice is well.

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