CAT Model Paper 2 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 11

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Q: 56. Each sentence has a pair of words that are highlighted. From the highlighted words, select the MOST APPROPRIATE word to form the correct sentence. Then, from the options given, choose the best one.

(A) Duping (A) / Doping (B) , the use of artificial enhancements to gain an advantage over others in competition, is cheating and is fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport

(B) She wasn՚t fazed (A) /phased (B) by the tough competition in her field of work.

(C) The speaker held fourth (A) /forth (B) about the literature in 19th century England.

(D) The world is in eminent (A) /imminent (B) danger of annihilation if caution is not exercised in using nuclear technology.

(E) It took two quartz (A) /quarts (B) of fuel to get here.

(A) AAABA

(B) BBABA

(C) BABAB

(D) BABBB

Ans: D

Sol:

  • Duping – cheat/Doping – use of drugs to enhance performance in sports
  • Phased – appear or disappear by stages/Fazed – disconcerted
  • Fourth – position or ranking (follows third) /Hold Forth – to talk about a particular subject for a long time, often in a way that other people find boring
  • Eminent – famous/Imminent – approaching
  • Quartz – a type of crystal/quarts – liquid measure

Q: 57. In each of the following sentences, the word at the top of the table is used in different ways. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT OR INAPPROPRIATE.

CAST

INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE
1Parliament, these days, is no place for cast discussions.
2His entry into the room was so dramatic that all eyes were cast upon him.
3The cow cast a calf which died after a few hours
4He fancied himself to be of an intellectual cast but his teachers knew better

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

Ans:

Sol:

  • Parliament, these days, is no place for cast discussions. should read: Parliament, these days, is no place for chaste discussions (decent, modest) . His entry into the room was so dramatic that all eyes were cast upon him. ‘all eyes were cast upon him’ means all eyes turned towards him.
  • The cow cast a calf which died after a few hours. Cast here means Premature or abortive birth. He fancied himself to be of an intellectual cast but his teachers knew better. Cast refers to type or sort.

Q: 58. The question has a sentence with two blanks followed by four pairs of words as choices. From the choices, select the pair of words that can best complete the given sentence.

It is ________ how the economies of EU countries on the Baltic Sea boast the union՚s fastest growing economies while many of those on the Mediterranean are ________ fastest.

(A) Striking Shrinking

(B) Fickle, Sinking

(C) Doubtful, Growing

(D) Unbelievable, Progressing

Ans:

Sol:

  • The play here revolves around the word “fastest.” The use of while indicates contrast. Since the economies on the Baltic Sea are the fastest growing, those on the Mediterranean must be “not growing” or shrinking fastest.
  • Striking Shrinking and Fickle, Sinking indicates that. However, fickle is the wrong usage in Fickle, Sinking. Fickle means not stable. Striking Shrinking is fine, since the fact is striking.

Directions for 59 and 60: Answer the questions based on the passage given below.

When Zarathustra was thirty years old, he left his home and the lake of his home, and went into the mountains. There he enjoyed his spirit and his solitude, and for ten years did not grow weary of it. But at last, his heart changed, — and rising one morning with the rosy dawn, he went before the sun and spake thus unto it:

Thou great star! What would be thy happiness if thou hadst not those for whom thou shinest!

For ten years hast thou climbed hither unto my cave: thou wouldst have wearied of thy light and of the journey, had it not been for me, mine eagle, and my serpent.

But we awaited thee every morning, took from thee thine overflow, and blessed thee for it.

Lo! I am weary of my wisdom, like the bee that hath gathered too much honey; I need hands outstretched to take it.

I would fain bestow and distribute, until the wise have once more become joyous in their folly, and the poor happy in their riches.

Therefore, must I descend into the deep: as thou doest in the evening, when thou goest behind the sea, and gives light also to the nether world, thou exuberant star!

Like there must I go down, as men say, to whom I shall descend.

Bless me, then, thou tranquil eye that canst behold even the greatest happiness without envy!

Bless the cup that is about to overflow, that the water may flow golden out of it, and carry everywhere the reflection of thy bliss!

Lo! This cup is again going to empty itself, and Zarathustra is again going to be a man.

Thus, began Zarathustra՚s down going.

Q: 59. What does Zarathustra mean when he says mine eagle and my serpent

(A) Eagle and Serpent are his friends in the cave.

(B) They are his strength and mobility

(C) They are his keenness and power

(D) They are his pride and wisdom

Ans:

Sol:

  • In the passage Zarathustra is addressing the sun. He has been living in a cave for ten years and during this time he has achieved wisdom. Refer to “Lo! I am weary of my wisdom, like the bee that hath gathered too much honey.”
  • Therefore, among the options, the only fit is pride and wisdom, since none of the others are referred to by Zarathustra. Hence, they are his pride and wisdom.

The correct choice is (They are his pride and wisdom)

Q: 60. What can the word “fain” mean in this context?

(A) Reluctantly

(B) Graciously

(C) Happily

(D) Nonchalantly

Ans: C

Sol:

  • Refer to “Lo! I am weary of my wisdom, like the bee that hath gathered too much honey; I need hands outstretched to take it.” Z says he has become weary of his wisdom. And he wants others to take it, that is, he wants to share his wisdom.
  • Clearly, he would do so happily, to get rid of his weariness. Reluctantly is wrong since it contradicts. Graciously is irrelevant. Whether or not he imparts wisdom graciously is immaterial in the context. Nonchalantly is contradictory. Nonchalantly means indifferently.