CAT Model Paper 2 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 6

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Directions for questions 31 to 33- Answer the questions based on the passage given below.

Wilde’s copy of the Nicomachean Ethics, dated 1877, contains this suggestive gloss on the text: “Man makes his end for himself out of himself: no end is imposed by external considerations, he must realize his true nature, must be what nature orders, so must discover what his nature is.” At the time he was beginning his studies, the tradition of secondary and university instruction in the classics did not necessarily encourage a profound examination of what one’s “true nature” might be. A great premium was placed on proficiency in the languages: students were expected to be able to translate passages from the classical languages into English—and from English into Greek and Latin prose and verse. While still at Trinity, Wilde was asked on one exam to translate a fragment of a text about Odysseus into Elizabethan prose, and then was required to translate selections from Wordsworth, Shakespeare, and Matthew Arnold into Greek.

Luckily, Wilde, whose linguistic abilities were certainly formidable—years later, a former Portora schoolmate recalled his ability to “grasp the nuances of the various phases of the Greek Middle Voice and of the vagaries of Greek conditional clauses”—was to fall into the hands of the right professors. His Trinity master was the Reverend J.P. Mahaffy, a distinguished classicist who had a special interest in later Greek antiquity, and who was, too, a celebrated with—a quality that must have appealed to his young student. (Informed that the current tenant of an academic post he coveted was ill, Mahaffy replied, “Nothing trivial, I hope?”)

In an 1874 book called Social Life in Greece, Mahaffy argued for a vision of the Greeks and their civilization as something more than a mausoleum of culture, “mere treasure-houses of roots and forms to be sought out by comparative grammarians.” Among other things, he showed a refreshing willingness to dust off contemporary attitudes toward one Hellenic institution that would have had a special if secret resonance for Wilde: homosexuality. “There is no field of enquiry,” Mahaffy wrote in Social Life in Greece, “where we are so dogmatic in our social prejudices, and so determined by the special circumstances of our age and country.”

Q: 31. What can “vagaries” mean?

(A) Unusual occurrences

(B) Complex meanings

(C) Complex meanings

(D) Unwanted references

Ans: B

Sol:

The passage states “grasp the nuances of the various phases of the Greek Middle Voice and of the vagaries of Greek conditional clauses”. This indicates nuances of language, therefore, subtleties is a good answer. ‘Complex meanings’ is incorrect because we are not talking about meanings but how grammar is used. ‘Unusual occurrences’ and ‘unwanted references’ are irrelevant options.

The correct choice is (B)

Q: 32. Was Wilde able to realize his true nature?

(A) Yes

(B) No because his education which placed a premium on proficiency of languages did not allow him

(C) No because he was a wit

(D) Cannot be said from the passage

Ans: D

Sol:

The passage states that Wilde did have a great time at Trinity and received support from the professor on homosexuality. But whether or not he was able to live as a homosexual is not discussed. Hence the answer is ‘cannot be said from the passage’

The correct choice is (D)

Q: 33. Why would Wilde possibly feel a secret resonance for homosexuality?

(A) He was one

(B) He came across many such people

(C) His teacher was one

(D) Cannot be said from the passage

Ans: A

Sol:

The passage states “a special if secret resonance for Wilde: homosexuality.” This indicates Wilde was a homosexual but at the time referred to in the passage he was not out. Hence, the correct answer is ‘he was one’

The correct choice is (A)

End Passage

Q: 34. In each of the following sentences, the word at the top of the table is used in different ways. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT OR INAPPROPRIATE.

Business

Q_34_Table of Choose the Option in Which the Usage of the Word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE
Q_34_Table of Choose the Option in which the Usage of the word is INCORRECT OR INAPPROPRIATE

1.

I want to do an MBA before going into business.

2.

My brother runs a profitable business in the suburb.

3.

If we advertise, we will get twice as much business as we have now.

4.

Let’s have some tea and then we can go down to business.

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

Ans: D

Sol:

When you get down to business (not ‘go down to business’) you start doing work seriously without getting distracted.

The correct choice is (D)

Q: 35. The sentence below has two blanks followed by four pairs of words as choices. From the choices, select the pair of words that can best complete the given sentence.

Though he ________ the experience of attending school, Wallace was from an early age a/an _______ reader

(A) Disliked, poor

(B) Disdained, avid

(C) Relished, interested

(D) Enjoyed, catholic

Ans: B

Sol:

The use of though tells us that the two segments are contrasting. So it can either be that he enjoyed his experience in school but was a poor reader, or that he hated school but was an avid reader. Disdained and avid fits, disdained means to dislike. Catholic here means a wide variety. Hence, the correct answer is disdained, avid.

The correct choice is (B)

Q: 36. Select the word that is FARTHEST in meaning from the word in Italics in the sentence below

That is what is going on with the euro, where a stress on demanding austerity has eclipsed the need to boost confidence.

(A) Squandering

(B) Discretion

(C) Regulation

(D) Curtailment

Ans: A

Sol:

The words discretion, regulation, and curtailment have a similar connotation (caution) to the word austerity (limited; without excess or luxury). Squandering is the odd word out, since it represents the opposite of austerity and means to spend or use (money, time, etc.) extravagantly or wastefully. Hence, squandering is the correct option.

The correct choice is (A)

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