CAT Model Paper 4 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 11

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Direction for the Question 55 to 57: Answer the questions based on the passage given below.

The drought in a large part of Maharashtra, said to be the worst since 1972, may have been triggered by poor rainfall in the last monsoon season - but it has been compounded by mismanagement of the available water. Nearly one-third of the state’s population living in the 15 drought-hit districts in and around the Marathwada region is facing a severe scarcity of drinking water, apart from water for salvaging its wilting crops. The paucity of fodder for livestock, the mainstay of livelihood for the small and marginal farmers and landless households, too, is acute.

This, paradoxically, is the state of affairs in a state that has the country’s largest network of dams. What this has meant is that financially and politically influential farmers and industrialists are managing to corner enough water to irrigate crops and run industrial units, while the poor are deprived of even drinking water. This is evident in various areas where water-guzzling sugarcane and banana farms are in fairly good shape, while the neighbouring fields of less water-requiring sorghum - which belong to resource-poor farmers - wither away.

Remember, the Marathwada region, which lies in the rain-shadow zone, is drought-prone. It is, therefore, unfit for the cultivation of water-intensive crops such as sugarcane. It is also worth recalling that the state government had decided in February, when the signs of a water crisis became imminent, to give priority to meeting drinking-water needs before letting water to be used for other purposes. This well-intended resolve has, however, remained largely on paper. Since the bulk of the state’s sugar industry is in the co-operative sector and is controlled by politicians, cane crushing, which requires substantial amounts of water, is still going on in water stressed areas. Maharashtra, indeed, does not lack a legal framework for carrying out worthwhile water reforms to ensure fair distribution of this scarce natural resource. Several progressive laws have been passed; unfortunately, these statutes have not been enforced in the right spirit. The laws provide for notification of all irrigation command areas; prioritizing water allotment for drinking purposes; even distribution of water in different storage dams in a river basin, especially during water crises; and involvement of farmers in the release of water for actual consumption. Had these measures been implemented prudently, the situation might not have turned as grim as it has today. Groundwater, too, has not been properly regulated. This has caused the water table to recede to lower depths and shallow wells to dry up. Given that the drought is set to exacerbate as the temperature shoots up in the next few weeks of intense summer, the drinking water and fodder may become scarcer. This may necessitate sourcing and transport of potable water and cattle feed from distant areas. Such strategies have worked well in managing past droughts in several states but given the experience in Maharashtra it is unlikely that the government will wake from its slumber even now.

Q: 55. Which of the following is a suitable title of the passage?

(A) Political meddling as a cause of drought in Maharashtra

(B) Poor policy implementation: How it led to a drought

(C) Maharashtra drought: From bad to worse

(D) India s burgeoning water crisis

Ans: A

Solution:

Political meddling as a cause of drought in Maharashtra – Option (A)The focus of the passage is how water is being diverted to industries because they are politically connected, hence the answer. ‘Poor policy…’is implicit in the answer, there has been no policy action because of political interference. ‘Maharashtra drought …’ is referred to only towards the end. ‘India’s burgeoning….’ is irrelevant.

Q: 56. Which of the following pair can replace the pair in bold in this sentence from the passage: Had these measures been implemented prudently, the situation might not have turned as grim as it has today?

(A) Carefully, bleak

(B) Cautiously, furious

(C) Properly, sanguine

(D) Effectively, cruel

Ans: A

Solution:

Carefully, bleak – Option (A)

The author is saying that if the measures had been implemented in the proper way the situation would not have turned so bad., hence the answer. Bleak means sad and grim. As a situation cannot be furious, that option can be ruled out. The usage of sanguine in this context is wrong, since sanguine means cheerful, optimistic. As a situation cannot be cruel, that option is wrong

Hence Option A

Q: 57. What will be an appropriate follow up question one can ask the author?

(A) Is the drought likely to spread to other parts of India?

(B) Is Maharashtra facing other problems apart from drought?

(C) Is climate change responsible for Maharashtra s drought?

(D) Is Maharashtra likely to seek Central assistance for drought relief?

Ans: D

Solution:

‘Is Maharashtra likely to seek Central assistance for drought relief?’ – Option D. As the passage makes clear, none of the things in Maharashtra have worked towards drought relief. Laws have not been implemented. The weather patterns are Unfavourable and so on. In this scenario, the only possible solution seems to be central assistance. Other parts of India, other problems in Maharashtra or climate change are out of context.

End Passage

Q: 58. How is my sister s mother in law s only son s son related to me?

(A) Nephew

(B) Cousin

(C) Brother in law

(D) Either (2) or (3)

Ans: A

Solution:

My sister’s mother in law’s only son is husband of my sister and his / her son will be my nephew.

Q: 59. Pointing to a photograph a lady says - His maternal uncle (i.e. Mama) says my Mama as Mama. How is the person in photograph related to that lady?

(A) Brother

(B) Son

(C) Maternal Uncle

(D) None of these

Ans: B

Solution:

The person in photograph is son of that lady because his son’s ‘mama’ will be lady’s brother who will call his sister’s uncle as his uncle (mama).

Hence option B

Q: 60. How is my father`s father in law`s daughter in law`s mother in law related to my wife`s mother in law`s daughter?

(A) Mother

(B) Grandmother

(C) Aunt

(D) Cousin

Ans: B

Solution:

My grandmother will be the grandmother of my sister.

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