CAT Model Paper 5 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 8

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Q: 35. The sentences 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. From among the four choices given below the question, choose the MOST LOGICAL ORDER of sentences that constructs a coherent paragraph.

1. Since the court has nevertheless established this precedent, it is up to the executive to ensure, through improved regulation, that the threat of a similar episode in the future is removed.

2. But the time taken to resolve it - almost two years - is far too long.

3. An earlier and speedier resolution would have reduced the adverse impact on a wide range of industries and the economy in general.

4. Also, the initial instrument chosen to respond to illegal mining, an outright ban, was far too blunt.

5. There is little doubt that brazen illegality in mining needed to be brought to a stop.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans: (D)

Solution:

Statement 5 starts with the indefinite pronoun “There” followed by a specific “subject”, brazen illegality in mining being introduced for the entire passage. Calls for it “to be brought to a stop”. The best sentence to follow this one would be 2 because 3 talks of “An earlier and speedier resolution” while does not talk of a resolution, which 2 does.

Talks of “this precedent” while 5 contains no such action that could be treated as a precedent

4 brings up additional information about the initial instrument which does not introduce

2 talks of “the time taken to resolve it”, with the “it” possibly referring to brazen illegality in mining and the “resolve” possibly referring to the imperative of “bringing it to stop”, both of which are core to

Therefore, makes sense. That leaves us with as the automatic choice for the statement since both and which include have following. So, the key question is whether makes sense after or speaks of “this precedent” but no action in can serve as the “precedent”. In contrast, speaks of a ban which is an action or policy choice that can be taken as the “precedent” referred to in 1. Hence, is a better pair than. Hence, makes more sense than.

Hence option D

Q: 36. Identify the CORRECT sentence(s) in terms of grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

(A) A decade ago, agriculture was about a half of rural GDP.

(B) Today it is just below 25 per cent of rural GDP.

(C) This also reflects the organic growth happening in tertiary sectors in the countryside.

(D) Interesting, much of the farm activity is outsourced.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans: (C)

Solution:

A –GDP is a quantity that has a magnitude. So, when we refer to something as a fraction of that, we would say “half of GDP” rather than “half of the GDP” because the latter talks of a specific GDP (because of the inserted definite article) which would be GDP of a region or GDP in a particular period. For instance, we could say “half of the GDP of India” or “half of the GDP in the fiscal year 2000-01”.Hence A is correct.

In B, it should be ‘Today it is just under 25 percent...’. Below is used for physical sense of place—like the ball is below the table.

In D, Interestingly, much of the...

Q: 37. In each of the questions given below, four sentences are given labeled and 4. Of these, three statements need to be arranged in a logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit the sequence.

(1) Brian Switek’s new book, “My Beloved Brontosaurus,” is an explanation of how and why so much of what we once knew about dinosaurs has changed in the past 30 years.

(2) Each chapter examines one revolutionary idea about dinosaurs, but Mr. Switek also weaves in his personal thoughts on why we love dinosaurs so much.

(3) As a kid, he often included a crayon Brontosaurus in the family portraits he drew, and he spent whole days watching a diverse range of dinosaur documentaries.

(4) A lifelong dedication to the creatures of the helps make the book more than just a compendium of fascinating dino science.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans: (C)

Solution:

‘As a kid, he often included a crayon Brontosaurus in the family portraits he drew, and he spent whole days watching a diverse range of dinosaur documentaries.’

All the sentences except ‘As a kid….dinosaur documentaries’ talk about the book and how it is a fascinating study of dinosaurs. ‘As a kid….dinosaur documentaries’ goes into the author’s childhood and looks at his personal fascination with dinosaurs, hence it does not sit with the rest.

Q: 38. The following question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. Choose the option that completes the paragraph in the MOST APPROPRIATE way.

The death of the book has been much exaggerated. Books have survived through technological changes before and there no reason to believe that they will disappear any time soon. There are music lovers who still buy musical classics on vinyl.

(A) hoping to find readers who still want to own modern literature in hard covers

(B) I hoping to find readers who still want to own enduring literature in hard covers

(C) hoping to find readers who still want to own avant grade literature in hard covers

(D) hoping to find readers who still want to own reactionary literature in hard covers

Ans: (B)

Solution:

‘I’m hoping to find readers who still want to own enduring literature in hard covers.’ The last line of the paragraph says “musical classics on vinyl”. The options that is similar to this is ‘I’m hoping to find readers who still want to own enduring literature in hard covers.’, since it talks about enduring literature, or literature that lasts, like classic music. Modern is irrelevant. Avant grade is different and artistic, against irrelevant. Reactionary is literature of protest, again irrelevant.

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