# CAT Model Paper 7 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 6

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Start Passage

Answer the questions based on the following data:

Rachna found a strange game in her favourite magazine:

It contains 9 grids of 4 boxes each, partially filled, in such a way that two of those boxes contained distinct alphabets, while the other two contained numbers, which were linked to those alphabets. The addition of the numbers used in the respective rows and columns were also partially mentioned. The game, as published in the magazine, looks as follows:

 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 Total R1 A 24 40 R2 25 B 43 R3 S 7 X 1 R4 8 R 2 Y R5 F 19 P 9 45 R6 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 35 32 31 28 225

It was given that the unfilled boxes were to be filled in exactly the same format as in the already given boxes. She started filling up the table with her own logic and cracked it within the next 6 minutes, but was not sure whether it would be a unique case or not. Answer the following questions based on the information above:

Q: 35. The alphabets appearing in the grid would be

(A) P, Q

(B) M, N

(C) H, I

(D) None of these

Ans: D

Solution:

Clearly, each grid contains consecutive alphabets and the numbers represent being the numeric value of the position of the alphabet. Now, sum of . Also, sum of the numbers already used in . Hence the sum of the numbers used in the grid . Now, R5 must contain , which will come in the box. Similarly must contain 18.

With the same logic, the grids can be calculated in that order.

Thus the complete grid will be as follows:

 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 Total R1 A 24 M 12 U 4 40 R2 25 B 13 N 5 V 43 R3 S 7 X 1 J 15 23 R4 8 R 2 Y 16 K 26 R5 H 17 F 19 P 9 45 R6 18 I 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 51 48 35 32 31 28 225

Q: 36. Rachna calculated the number for C5 / R4 as 15. Then which of the following is true?

(A) It is incorrect, because an alphabet should appear there

(B) It is correct

(C) It is incorrect; it should be 16

(D) It is incorrect, it should be 17

Ans: C

Solution:

Clearly, each grid contains consecutive alphabets and the numbers represent being the numeric value of the position of the alphabet. Now, sum of . Also, sum of the numbers already used in . Hence the sum of the numbers used in the grid 5. Now, R5 must contain , which will come in the box R5C2. Similarly R6C1 must contain 18.

With the same logic, the grids can be calculated in that order.

Thus the complete grid will be as follows:

 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 Total R1 A 24 M 12 U 4 40 R2 25 B 13 N 5 V 43 R3 S 7 X 1 J 15 23 R4 8 R 2 Y 16 K 26 R5 H 17 F 19 P 9 45 R6 18 I 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 51 48 35 32 31 28 225

Q: 37. The pair of alphabets that should not appear in any grid is

(A) M, N

(B) P, Q

(C) J, K

(D) None of these

Ans: D

Solution:

Clearly, each grid contains consecutive alphabets and the numbers represent being the numeric value of the position of the alphabet. Now, sum of . Also, sum of the numbers already used in . Hence the sum of the numbers used in the grid . Now, must contain , which will come in the box R5C2. Similarly R6C1 must contain 18.

With the same logic, the grids can be calculated in that order.

Thus the complete grid will be as follows:

 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 Total R1 A 24 M 12 U 4 40 R2 25 B 13 N 5 V 43 R3 S 7 X 1 J 15 23 R4 8 R 2 Y 16 K 26 R5 H 17 F 19 P 9 45 R6 18 I 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 51 48 35 32 31 28 225

End Passage

Q: 38. From the sentences given below identify the sentences which have NO grammatical, punctuation or spelling errors

a. Twelve years after the fall of the Taliban, Afghanistan is heading for a near-record opium crop

b. as instability pushes the amount of land planted with illegal but lucrative poppies

c. according to a bleak UN report the rapid growth of poppy farming as western troops head home reflects particularly badly on Britain, which was designated ālead nationā for counter-narcotics work over a decade ago.

d. āPoppy cultivation is not only expected to expand in areas where it already existed in 2012

e. but also new areas or areas where poppy cultivation was stopped,ā the Afghanistan Opium Winter Risk Assessment found.

(A) a and d

(B) d and e

(C) a, b and e

(D) b and d

Ans: A

Solution:

In b, correction should be āpushes upā and not merely pushes as the quantity of land planted is going up; there should also be a comma after āpoppiesā as both a and b are a part of the report - according to a bleak UN report. In c, a full-stop after report and Capital letter in āThe letterā¦ā is required as it is a new sentence. Sentence e has a problem with parallelism. e is a continuation of d which says ānot only expected to expand in areasā. So in e it should be āin new areasā¦ā.

Q: 39. The following question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

The original claim of Pakistanā religious equalityā was the first claim proved false. Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, though he became the first foreign minister, was hounded by religious conservatives, because of his Ahmadi faith. In 1974, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto passed an amendment to the Pakistani Constitution declaring anyone who did not believe that Muhammad was the last prophet a non-Muslim. Ahmadis are allowed to vote only for parliamentary seats reserved for non-Muslims, effectively disenfranchising them. ________________________________________________.

(A) In the 1980s, Gen. Muhammad passed punitive laws that defined the practice of the Ahmadi faith as criminal offense