# CAT Model Paper 7 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 6

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Answer the questions based on the following data:

Rachna found a strange game in her favourite magazine:

It contains 9 grids of 4 boxes each, partially filled, in such a way that two of those boxes contained distinct alphabets, while the other two contained numbers, which were linked to those alphabets. The addition of the numbers used in the respective rows and columns were also partially mentioned. The game, as published in the magazine, looks as follows:

 Total A 24 40 25 B 43 S 7 X 1 8 R 2 Y F 19 P 9 45 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 35 32 31 28 225

It was given that the unfilled boxes were to be filled in the same format as in the already given boxes. She started filling up the table with her own logic and cracked it within the next 6 minutes, but was not sure whether it would be a unique case or not. Answer the following questions based on the information above:

Q: 35. The alphabets appearing in the grid would be

(A) P, Q

(B) M, N

(C) H, I

(D) None of these

Ans: D

Solution:

Clearly, each grid contains consecutive alphabets and the numbers represent being the numeric value of the position of the alphabet. Now, sum of . Also, sum of the numbers already used in & is: . Hence the sum of the numbers used in the grid . Now, must contain , which will come in the box . Similarly, must contain 18.

With the same logic, the grids , & can be calculated in that order.

Thus, the complete grid will be as follows:

 Total A 24 M 12 U 4 40 25 B 13 N 5 V 43 S 7 X 1 J 15 23 8 R 2 Y 16 K 26 H 17 F 19 P 9 45 18 I 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 51 48 35 32 31 28 225

Q: 36. Rachna calculated the number for as 15. Then which of the following is true?

(A) It is incorrect, because an alphabet should appear there

(B) It is correct

(C) It is incorrect; it should be 16

(D) It is incorrect, it should be 17

Ans: C

Solution:

Clearly, each grid contains consecutive alphabets and the numbers represent being the numeric value of the position of the alphabet. Now, sum of . Also, sum of the numbers already used in & is: . Hence the sum of the numbers used in the grid . Now, must contain , which will come in the box . Similarly, must contain 18.

With the same logic, the grids , & can be calculated in that order.

Thus, the complete grid will be as follows:

 Total A 24 M 12 U 4 40 25 B 13 N 5 V 43 S 7 X 1 J 15 23 8 R 2 Y 16 K 26 H 17 F 19 P 9 45 18 I 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 51 48 35 32 31 28 225

Q: 37. The pair of alphabets that should not appear in any grid is

(A) M, N

(B) P, Q

(C) J, K

(D) None of these

Ans: D

Solution:

Clearly, each grid contains consecutive alphabets and the numbers represent being the numeric value of the position of the alphabet. Now, sum of . Also, sum of the numbers already used in & is: . Hence the sum of the numbers used in the grid . Now, must contain , which will come in the box . Similarly, must contain 18.

With the same logic, the grids , & can be calculated in that order.

Thus, the complete grid will be as follows:

 Total A 24 M 12 U 4 40 25 B 13 N 5 V 43 S 7 X 1 J 15 23 8 R 2 Y 16 K 26 H 17 F 19 P 9 45 18 I 20 G 10 Q 48 Total 51 48 35 32 31 28 225

Q: 38. From the sentences given below identify the sentences which have NO grammatical, punctuation or spelling errors

a. Twelve years after the fall of the Taliban, Afghanistan is heading for a near-record opium crop

b. as instability pushes the amount of land planted with illegal but lucrative poppies

c. according to a bleak UN report the rapid growth of poppy farming as western troops head home reflects particularly badly on Britain, which was designated “lead nation” for counter-narcotics work over a decade ago.

d. “Poppy cultivation is not only expected to expand in areas where it already existed in 2012”

e. “but also new areas or areas where poppy cultivation was stopped,” the Afghanistan Opium Winter Risk Assessment found.

(A) a and d

(B) d and e

(C) a, b, and e

(D) b and d

Ans: A

Solution:

In b, correction should be ‘pushes up’ and not merely pushes as the quantity of land planted is going up; there should also be a comma after ‘poppies’ as both a and b are a part of the report - according to a bleak UN report. In c, a full-stop after report and Capital letter in “The letter …” is required as it is a new sentence. Sentence e has a problem with parallelism. e is a continuation of d which says “not only expected to expand in areas.” So, in e it should be “in new areas …”

Q: 39. The following question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

The original claim of Pakistan religious equality was the first claim proved false. Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, though he became the first foreign minister, was hounded by religious conservatives, because of his Ahmadi faith. In 1974, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto passed an amendment to the Pakistani Constitution declaring anyone who did not believe that Muhammad was the last prophet a non-Muslim. Ahmadis can vote only for parliamentary seats reserved for non-Muslims, effectively disenfranchising them. ________.

(A) In the 1980s, Gen. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq passed punitive laws that defined the practice of the Ahmadi faith as blasphemous criminal offense

(B) Ahmadis, followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835 - 1908) , consider themselves part of the Muslim tradition

(C) Since they refuse to declare themselves non-Muslims, they don՚t vote

(D) Shiites have not fared much better. In the last five years, more than 1,000 Shiites, belonging to the Hazara community, have been targeted and killed in the city of Quetta

Ans: C

Solution:

The paragraph talks about Bhutto՚s clever ploy of disenfranchising the Ahmadis. The Ahmadis could vote for only non- Muslims. But if they did so they would seem to be declaring themselves akin to non-Muslims. Hence the passage can be concluded by option 3 which says they refuse to consider themselves non-Muslims and for this reason they refrain from voting. This also confirms the first sentence of the paragraph “The original claim of Pakistan religious equality was the first claim proved false.”