CAT Model Paper 8 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 10

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Start Passage

Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow it.

The story of Pasco’s proposed steel project in Orissa seems to be complex, karmic, violent and disturbing. Events, particularly since 3 February, have again roiled the “greater good” debate of big projects versus people’s rights of even a relatively small cluster of people. It also mirrors the role of businesses that fire over the shoulder of mothers to claim distance and legal immunity.

In late 2011, the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, a major global platform for information and dialogue, published a clarification by Pasco. It was in defence against accusations of complicity with the governments of Orissa and India for procedural illegalities, and human rights violations, to acquire land for its integrated steel project in Orissa.

Among other things, the rebuttal accused “illegal occupants” of land being acquired for it by the government of Orissa. It trashed groups backing the protests. One such group opposed Narmada Dam in Madhya Pradesh when Gujarat State was without water and barren and today “the whole of Gujarat is green." It punched the “whole of Gujarat” half-truth with: “So much for their pure intentions and concerns for community.”

The latest flare-up yet again provides incontrovertible evidence that the state government is acting directly on behalf of Pasco. This truth cannot be diluted by any other truth, even by billion worth of proposed investment-- quite besides the corollary that this sum will not entirely accrue to India's economy but will be shared with a global band of equipment and expertise suppliers; a point usually, and euphorically, glossed over by public relations spin.

Here, a statement attributed to a senior Pasco official published by Mint on 31 January is revealing. It was in an article discussing the corporation's successful downstream moves to establish bases for specialized steel products in Maharashtra and elsewhere, even as the upstream Orissa project remains a work in riotous progress. “We moved silently here and it worked,” the official confided. “In Orissa, we moved noisily and it is stuck.”

Another half-truth. This isn't about silence and noise. This is about good corporate practice versus a questionable one; displayed in the same country by the same company. Consent is an integral part of human rights, declared corporate ethics, and India's constitutional guarantees. Another truth: negotiation beats intimidation. And here’s a third: behind the sound of protest in Orissa, there is cascading fury.

Heads-up: A Pasco “victory” in Orissa may yet prove pyrrhic for the company and the state.

Q: 53. What was the objective of the clarification issued by Posco?

(A) To refute the charges made by the illegal occupants of the land.

(B) To negate the claims of the groups protesting against land acquisition by Posco.

(C) To clear their name from the charges of complicity with the government in illegal methods and human violations.

(D) To create the basis for their ultimate withdrawal from the country.

Ans: C

Solution:

Clearly mentioned in Para 2. Defence against accusations of complicity with State and central Govt with respect to procedural irregularities and human rights coalitions.

Q: 54. “So much for their pure intentions and concern for the community” What is the tone implied in this punch?

(A) Criticism

(B) Appreciative

(C) Prejudiced

(D) Sarcastic

Ans: D

Solution:

The quoted line is from paragraph 3. The Posco clarification alleges that groups protesting land acquisition by Posco also opposed the Narmada Dam, which provided water for large parts of Gujarat. The example is given to prove that the groups lack concern for the people. So the statement is mocking and „Sarcastic‟ in nature.

Q: 55. What does a “pyrrhic” victory imply?

(A) When the POSCO project gets through, it will be a landmark economic achievement for the country.

(B) Posco and the government are projecting a loss as a victory.

(C) When the POSCO project will be finally commissioned; the losses for both POSCO and the country will be much higher than its gains.

(D) He victory is likely to be temporary as more people are expected to join the protests against Posco.

Ans: C

Solution:

A “Pyrrhic” victory is one where a victory is achieved through so much loss, that it is more like a defeat than a victory.

End Passage

Q: 56. In the question below the capitalized word is followed by four sentences using the same word in four different ways. Read the sentences carefully and mark that sentence as your answer in which the usage of the word is INAPPROPRIATE.

GIVE

(A) Any tabloid that gives currency to such baseless rumours should be brought before the Press Council.

(B) Although a good natured person, she is given over to bouts of anger.

(C) The CEO of the company gave out that he would be retiring that year.

(D) In any relationship, there should be a healthy give and take.

Ans: B

Solution:

The correct choice is (B)

Given over to means to reserve for something – e.g. The evenings were given over to serious discussion sessions. Correction should be “given to” which means in the habit of doing something or liable to do something. Gives currency to means to be responsible for. To give out means to make known or announce. Give credence to means to believe or support.

Start Passage

Refer to the information given below to answer these questions.

Q_57-to-58_Table of Grid of Letters
Q_57-to-58_Table of grid of letters

C1

C2

C3

R1

a

b

C

R2

d

e

F

R3

g

h

i

Given is a grid of letters in the figure above. Each letter from a to I is assigned numbers 1 to 9 respectively. This grid is used to play a game through moves (a move implies interchanging of positions of any two letters). The aim of the game is to arrive at a unique arrangement of letters in the grid.

For any particular arrangement of the letters or means sum of numbers associated with letters in row or column.

In a desired arrangement of letters

Q: 57. How many moves at the least would be required to transform the given arrangement into the desired arrangement?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Solution:

The correct choice is (D)

Q_57_Table of Find the Desired Arrangement
Q_57_Table of Find the Desired Arrangement

a

b

c

d

e

F

g

h

i

Q_57_1_Table of Find the Desired Arrangement
Q_57_1_Table of Find the Desired Arrangement

i

f

c

18

h

e

b

15

g

d

a

12

24

15

6

45

Three moves needed

Q: 58. If instead of a grid, a grid of letters (with letters a top) is used to play the word game, find the least possible number of moves that will always be sufficient to transform a given grid of letters into any desired arrangement?

(A) 11

(B) 13

(C) 15

(D) 16

Ans: C

Solution:

Note that in grid, if 8 of the letters are moved to correct positions in the process of transformation, 9th letter is automatically placed in the correct position. Also, for placing each of the letters in the correct position (of desired arrangement) at most one move is required. That implies 8 moves will always be sufficient. By a similar explanation, 15 moves will always be sufficient to transform a given 4x4 grid into any desired arrangement.

End Passage

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