CAT Model Paper 8 Questions and Answers with Explanation Part 7

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Q: 34. Five different sentences of a paragraph are given below. Rearrange the sentences to make the paragraph logically coherent and mark the number of the choice that indicates the correct order of the sentences as your answer.

(1) The atmosphere in the prisons had changed.

(2) This time, the situation was very bleak and the despair tangible.

(3) The main thing was to empty the prisons as there was no room for the new arrivals.

(4) The daily executions had been transformed into group massacres: the young, the old, children or pregnant women, nothing made any difference to them anymore.

(5) The prisoners had less than a square meter of space each; they did not have enough air to breathe.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans: B

Solution:

1 starts the topic about the atmosphere in the prison. 2 and 4 are connected which describe the atmosphere. 3 talks about the „main thing‟ being lack of space and 5 gives the reason why.

Q: 35. Five different sentences of a paragraph are given below. Rearrange the sentences to make the paragraph logically coherent and mark the number of the choice that indicates the correct order of the sentences as your answer.

(1) The collapse of a building in Mumbai which left at least seventy-five dead is a dreadful reminder of the corruption which controls housing in Mumbai - north, south, east or west.

(2) In Mumbai, land is more precious than gold - certainly more than life - and the interplay between builders and the underworld - which had become endemic in the past, is only too well known.

(3) Considering it was built in less than three months, it could only have been that.

(4) But no less damaging is how greed-driven builders in connivance with nefarious politicians, bureaucrats, civic authorities, and police and private individuals have played more havoc than any health epidemic or the ruthless underworld.

(5) The aforementioned building, it was reported, fell like a pack of cards

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans: B

Solution:

2 start the topic by saying how land is more valuable than life and talks about the nexus between builders and underworld. Other kinds of nexuses are described in 4. Hence 4 follows 2. On the other hand 1 cites a particular building collapse as an example of the havoc created by such criminal nexus of politicians, bureaucrats etc. 5 refers to the same building hence makes a sarcastic reference to hastily built building (3 months) by saying that it is indeed a house of cards (as flimsy as). are examples of the effects of that nexus. ‘That’ in C refers to ‘pack of cards ‘in 5.

Q: 36. The sentence below has two blanks, followed by four choices having two words in each. Select the most appropriate pair of words that can fill the blanks. Voting by a/an _________ and ________voter is a qualitatively different act than voting by one who is aware of the objects in his political environment and is psychologically involved in the events and outcomes in the system.

(A) Uninformed, disinterested

(B) Misinformed, uninterested

(C) Impassioned, phlegmatic

(D) Sceptical, disgruntled

Ans: A

Solution:

“Uninformed” is the opposite of “aware of objects”. Disinterested means has no personal involvement in anything and is the opposite of “psychologically involved”. Uninterested means not having any interest at all .Impassioned means full of passion and, hence does not bring about the intended contrast. Phlegmatic means showing no emotion. Sceptical means unsure and disgruntled means having complaints against someone.

Start Passage

Read the passage below and answer the questions following it:

Beliefs soften hardships, and can even make them pleasant. In God, man can find very

Strong consolation and support. Without Him, man has to depend upon himself. At testing moments, vanity, if any, evaporates and man cannot dare to defy the general beliefs; if he does, then we must conclude that he has got certain other strengths than mere vanity. This is exactly the situation now. Judgment is already too well known. Within a week it is to be pronounced. What is the consolation with the exception of the idea that I am going to sacrifice my life for a cause? A God-believing Hindu might be expecting to be reborn as a king, a Muslim or a Christian might dream of the luxuries to be enjoyed in paradise and the reward he is to get for his sufferings and sacrifices. But what am I to expect? I know the moment the rope is fitted round my neck and rafters removed, from under my feet: that will be the final moment, which will be the last moment. I, or to be more precise, my soul, as interpreted in the metaphysical terminology, shall all be finished there. There is nothing further and nothing beyond.

A short life of struggle with no such magnificent end shall in itself be the reward if I have the courage to take it in that light. That is all. With no selfish motive or desire to be awarded here or hereafter, quite disinterestedly have I devoted my life to the cause of independence, because I could not do otherwise. The day we find a great number of men and women with this psychology who cannot devote themselves to anything else than the service of mankind and emancipation of the suffering humanity - that day shall inaugurate the era of liberty.

Not to become a king, nor to gain any other rewards here, or in the next birth or after death in paradise, shall they be inspired to challenge the oppressors, exploiters, and tyrants, but to cast off the yoke of serfdom from the neck of humanity and to establish liberty and peace shall they tread this - to their individual selves perilous and to their noble selves the only glorious imaginable path. Is the pride in their noble cause to be misinterpreted as vanity? Who dares to utter such an abominable epithet? To him, I say either he is a fool or a knave. Let us forgive him for he cannot realize the depth, the emotion, the sentiment and the noble feelings that surge in that heart. His heart is dead as a mere lump of flesh, his eyes are weak, the evils of other interests having been cast over them. Self-reliance is always liable to be interpreted as vanity. It is sad and miserable but there is no help.

You go and oppose the prevailing faith, you go and criticize a hero, a great man, who is generally believed to be above criticism because he is thought to be infallible, the strength of your argument shall force the multitude to decry you as vainglorious. This is due to the mental stagnation: criticism and independent thinking are the two indispensable qualities of a revolutionary. Because Mahatmaji is great, therefore none should criticize him. Because he has risen above, therefore everything he says “maybe in the field of politics or religion, economics or ethics “is right. Whether you are convinced or not you must say, "Yes. That’s true". This mentality does not lead towards progress. It is rather too obviously, reactionary.

Q: 37. Which of the following is the author most likely to agree with?

(A) A revolutionary should have blind faith towards his cause and leader.

(B) Taking pride in one’s cause is also a sign of conceit.

(C) An atheist who defies conventional beliefs in testing times shows strength of character.

(D) A man is truly great if he is recognized as infallible by people.

Ans: C

Solution:

As per the passage, people who believe in god and afterlife rewards get solace from these beliefs. But for a non-believer, if he defies conventional beliefs, then it shows that he has strengths other than mere vanity (paragraph 1 Line 3). Choice A is wrong, as the author believes that a revolutionary should be a critical and independent thinker (Last paragraph line 3). Choice B is wrong as emphatically stated in 3rd paragraph line 4.

Q: 38. The author is most probably a/an

I. Agnostic

II. Believer in God

III. Atheist

IV. Freedom Fighter

V. Communist

(A) III & IV

(B) I, II & III

(C) II, III & IV

(D) III, IV & V

Ans: A

Solution:

From the first paragraph, it is clear that the author doesn’t believe in God (atheist) and in the second paragraph he states that he is fighting for independence. Hence III and IV.

Q: 39. Which of the following best describes the personality of the Author?

(A) Young, Idealistic and God fearing

(B) Courageous, Dogmatic and believer in non-violence

(C) Young, brave and seeking glory

(D) Selfless, courageous and an independent thinker

Ans: D

Solution:

The Author is a non-believer, hence god fearing is wrong. As he believes in criticism and independent thinking, dogmatic is wrong. Also it is clear that he doesn’t seek glory, hence C is eliminated.

End Passage

Q: 40. Identify the INCORRECT sentence(s) in terms of grammar, spelling and punctuation.

(A) Confused and frightened, Ada pulled him up to his feet.

(B) He leaned heavily over her as she helped him into the tent and once there, utterly spent, he crumpled into a pile on his bed.

(C) He began to talk to her then, telling her for the first time how ill he was. It was scurvy, as far as he could tell, and it seemed to be getting worse.

D) He had tried to keep it from the others, but Crawford knew, and Maurer little, but now he could not hide it.

E) His mood was gloomy, as he laid on his bunk, and he told Ada that for the first time he was scared. “I guess we shan't see Nome again," he said darkly.

(A) B, C and D

(B) A, B and E

(C) Only C

(D) None of these

Ans: C

Solution:

In sentence a, the correct idiomatic expression should be “pulled him to his feet” which, means helped him stand up. In sentence b “heavily over her” makes no sense. The idea is he leaned on her for support. So correction should be “leaned heavily on her”. In sentence d, the idea is that Maurer knew “a little” – meaning he knew something- whereas “little” implies almost nothing, and is logically inconsistent with the rest of the sentence. The past tense of lie (down) is lay down. In sentence e it should be “lay on his bunk”.

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