Indian National Government Environmental & Conservation Agencies: Primary Government Environmental & Conservation Agency

Get top class preparation for IAS right from your home: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Forest Research Institute (FRI)

  • To organize and lead forestry research activities in the South Asia.
  • Institute also administered training to forest officers and forest rangers in the country.
  • To fulfil the needs of forestry and environment professionals in the country.

Forest Survey of India

  • To prepare State of Forest Report twice yearly, providing assessment of newest forest cover in the country and monitoring changes in these.
  • To conduct inventory in forest and non-forest areas and develop database on forest/tree resources.
  • To prepare thematic maps on 1: 50,000 scale, using aerial photography.
  • To function as a nodal agency for collection, compilation, storage and dissemination of spatial database on forest resources.
  • To conduct training of forestry personnel in application of technologies related to resources survey, remote sensing, GIS, etc.
  • To strengthen research & development infrastructure in FSI.
  • To conduct research on applied forest survey techniques.
  • To support State/UT Forest Departments (SFD) in forest resources survey, mapping and inventory.

Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM)

  • As a leader concerned with pushing the frontiers of knowledge for development of sector.
  • As a prime mover interpret and adjust world՚s knowledge to the Indian context, experiment and create an indigenous body of knowledge.
  • As an Apex Institute to provide effectively trained teachers to other educational institutions in field with which it is concerned.

Geological Survey of India (GSI)

Main function of GSI is to explore minerals of a particular area. i.e.. to conduct survey based on geographical history of that place and if they get any traces, they perform mining in that place.

Central Zoo Authority (CZA)

  • Specify minimum standards for housing, upkeep, and veterinary care of the animals kept in a zoo.
  • Evaluate and assess functioning of zoos with respect to the standards or the norms as may be prescribed.
  • Recognize or derecognize zoos.
  • Identify endangered species of wild animals for purposes of captive breeding and assigning responsibility in this regard to a zoo.
  • Co-ordinate the acquisition, exchange, and loaning of animals for breeding purposes.
  • Ensure maintenance of studbooks of endangered species of wild animals bred in captivity.
  • Identify priorities and themes with regard to display of captive animals in a zoo.
  • Co-ordinate training of zoo personnel in India and outside India.
  • Co-ordinate research in captive breeding and educational programmes for purposes of zoo.
  • Provide technical and other assistance to zoos for their proper management and development on scientific lines.

Animal Welfare Board of India

  • To keep the law in force in India for prevention of cruelty to animals under constant study.
  • To advise the central government on making of rules under the Act with a view to preventing unnecessary pain.
  • To take all such steps as the board may think fit for amelioration of animals by encouraging.
  • To advise government or any local authority or other person in design of slaughterhouses or on improvements in the design of vehicles.
  • To encourage by the grant of financial assistance.
  • To co-operate with and co-ordinate the work of associations or bodies established for preventing unnecessary pain.
  • To give financial assistance and other assistance to Animal Welfare Organizations functioning in any local area.
  • To encourage formation of Animal Welfare Organizations in any local area.
  • To advise the Government on any matter connected with animal welfare.

Centre for Environmental Education (CEE)

  • A mandate to promote environmental awareness nationwide.
  • Committed to ensuring that due recognition is given to the role of Education in the promotion of sustainable development.
  • Develops innovative programmes and educational material.
  • Builds capacity in field of education and communication for sustainable development.
  • Undertakes demonstration projects in education, communication, and development.

Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP)

  • To pursue developmental, promotional and related work on cultivation, production, processing, utilization and marketing of medicinal and aromatic plants.
  • To carry out, in collaboration with other agencies, introduction, accimilatisation of exotic-species.
  • To encourage cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants in suitable regions of the country.
  • To carry out surveys of resources of medicinal and aromatic plants.
  • To maintain economic statistics of the raw materials as well as finished products.

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

Functions of the Central Board at National Level

  • Advise Central Government on any matter about prevention and control of water and air pollution and improvement of the quality of air.
  • Plan and cause to be executed a nation-wide program for prevention, control, or abatement of water and air pollution.
  • Disseminate information in respect of matters relating to water and air pollution and their prevention and control.
  • Co-ordinate activity of the State Board and resolve disputes among them.
  • Provide technical assistance and guidance to the State Boards.
  • Collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data relating to water and air pollution.
  • Measures devised for their effective prevention, control, or abatement.
  • Prepare manuals, codes, and guidelines relating to treatment and disposal of sewage and trade effluents.
  • Perform such other function as may be prescribed by Government of India.
  • Lay down, modify, or annul, in consultation with the State Governments concerned.

Functions of the Central Board as State Boards for the Uts

  • Advise the Governments of UTs with respect to the suitability of any premises or location for carrying on any industry.
  • Evolve efficient methods for disposal of sewage and trade effluents on land.
  • Develop reliable and economically viable methods of treatment of sewage, trade effluent and air pollution control equipment.
  • Identify any area or areas within UTs as air pollution control area or areas to be notified under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

  • To plan, undertake aid, promote, and coordinate education, research and its application in agriculture, animal science, fisheries, agro-forestry, and allied sciences.
  • Instituting and promoting transfer of technology programmes.
  • To provide, undertake and promote consultancy services in the field of research, education, training, and dissemination of information in agriculture, animal science, fisheries, agroforestry, home science, and other allied sciences.
  • To look the problems relating to broader areas of rural development.
  • To do other things considered necessary to attain the objectives of the society.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

Teaching: The Institute offers the following regular teaching programmes:

  • M. A. /M. Sc. Programme in Population Studies
  • Master of Science in Biostatistics and Demography
  • Master of Population Studies (MPS)
  • Master of Philosophy (M. Phil.) in Population Studies
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) in Population Studies
  • Master of Population Studies (MPS) (Distance Learning)
  • Post-Doctoral Fellowship (P. D. F.)
  • Diploma in Health Promotion Education (DHPE)


  • Institute conducts a large number of research projects on various aspects of population.
  • Evaluative studies and large-scale surveys.

Consultative Services

Institute provides consultancy services and undertakes special studies on problems related to population at the request of the Government, UN and other specialized agencies.

Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR)

  • Safety evaluation of chemicals used in industry, agriculture, and everyday life.
  • Mode of action of toxic chemicals/pollutants.
  • Collect, store and disseminate information on toxic chemicals.
  • Remedial/preventive measures to safeguard health and environment from pollutants.
  • Simple/rapid diagnostic tests for disorders caused by industrial and environmental chemicals.
  • Human resource development for dealing with industrial and environmental problems.
  • Occupational health hazards because of exposure in chemicals industries, mines, agricultural fields, and environment.
  • Provide platform to public and entrepreneurs to address queries and concerns regarding safety/toxicity of chemicals, additives, and products.

Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)

  • To establish, maintain and manage systems for data acquisition, analysis, interpretation and archival for Ocean Information and related services.
  • To undertake, aid, promote, guide and co-ordinate research in the field of ocean information and related services including satellite oceanography.
  • To carry out surveys and acquire information using satellite technology, ships, buoys boats or any other platforms.
  • To generate and provide data along with value added data products to user communities.
  • To cooperate and collaborate with other national and international institutions in the field of ocean remote sensing, oceanography, atmospheric sciences/meteorology and coastal zone management.
  • To establish Early Warning System for Tsunami and Storm Surges.
  • To support the research centres in conducting investigations in specified areas.
  • To organise training programmes, seminars and symposia to advance study and research related to oceanography and technology.
  • To publish and disseminate information, results of research, data products, maps, and digital information.
  • To provide consultancy services in the fields of ocean information and advisory services.
  • To co-ordinate with space agencies to ensure continuity, consistency and to obtain state-of-the-art ocean data from satellite observations.
  • To encourage and support governmental and non-governmental agencies/organizations for furthering programmes in the generation and dissemination of ocean information.
  • To undertake other lawful activities as may be necessary.

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)

  • To develop outstanding research talent capable of understanding and exploring enlightened and effective Atmospheric sciences.
  • To further the advancement of Research in Ocean-Atmosphere by undertaking relevant scientific programmes.
  • To collaborate with other similar research institutions in development and application of climate study.

Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA)

  • To give financial support to specific projects and schemes for generating electricity and/or energy through new and renewable sources and conserving energy through energy efficiency.
  • To strive to be competitive institution through customer satisfaction.
  • To maintain its position as a leading organization.
  • To provide efficient and effective financing in renewable energy and energy efficiency/conservation projects.
  • To increase IREDA՚s share in the renewable energy sector by way of innovative financing.
  • Improvement in the efficiency of services provided to customers through continual improvement of systems, processes, and resources.

National Biodiversity Authority (NBA)

  • Advises State Governments in identifying the areas of biodiversity importance (biodiversity hotspots) as heritage sites.
  • Advise the Government of India on matters relating to:
    • conservation of biodiversity,
    • sustainable use of its component
    • Fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of utilization of biological resources.
  • Regulate activities and issue guidelines for access to biological resources.
  • Advise State Governments in the selection of areas of biodiversity importance to be notified as heritage sites and suggest measures for their management.
  • NBA and SBB provide guidance and technical support.
  • Perform such other functions as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of BD Act.

National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI)

  • Basic and applied research on:
    • Plant diversity and prospection,
    • Plant-environment interaction,
    • Biotechnological approaches for plant improvement
  • Development of technologies for new plant and microbial sources of commercial importance.
  • Providing expertise and assistance for identification, supply, and exchange of plants and propagule, garden layout and landscaping.
  • Building up Germplasm repository of plants of indigenous and exotic origin, including rare, endangered, and threatened species.
  • Dissemination of scientific knowledge and technologies on plants and microbial resources through publications, training, capacity building and extension activities.

National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF)

  • Mission of the Centre is to continuously develop advanced numerical weather prediction systems.
  • Increased reliability and accuracy over India and neighbouring regions through research, development, and demonstration of new and novel applications, maintaining highest level of knowledge, skills, and technical bases.

National Disaster Management, Ministry of Home Affairs

Major responsibilities of the Disaster Management Division, MHA are as follows:

  • Resource mobilization for relief and response to natural disasters except drought, hail storms, cold and frost waves and pest attack
  • Operation of control room and situation reports
  • Multi-hazard Early Warning Systems
  • Matters related to State Disaster Response Fund and National Disaster Response Fund
  • All matters related to disaster response, preparedness, prevention, mitigation and capacity building
  • International cooperation in disaster management
  • Post-disaster/long term rehabilitation and reconstruction
  • All administrative and budget matters related to NDMA, NDRF and NIDM
  • Strengthening of fire and emergency services
  • All matters related to Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards including Director General of (Fire Services, Civil Defence & Home Guards) , National Civil Defence College (NCDC) and National Fire Service College (NFSC)
  • Administration of the Disaster Management Act, 2005
  • Provides secretarial support to NEC, HLC, and NPDRR.

National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI)

NEERI strives to achieve excellence and continual improvement through activities leading to:

  • scientific and technological innovations
  • technical solutions,
  • sharing knowledge,
  • Expertise for enabling government, industry, and society to improve quality of environment.

National Family Planning Program

  • The objective of the policy was “reducing birth rate to the extent necessary to stabilize the population at a level consistent with requirement of national economy.”
  • The main appeal for family planning is based on considerations of health and welfare of the family.
  • Family limitation or spacing of children is necessary and desirable in order to secure better health for the mother and better care and upbringing of children.

National Green Tribunal (NGT)

  • To provide effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.
  • Including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment.
  • Giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property.

National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research (NCAOR)

  • Leadership role in niche areas of scientific research in domain of polar and ocean sciences.
  • Lead role in the geoscientific surveys of the country՚s EEZ.
  • Facilitatory role in the scientific research activities.
  • Management role in implementing all scientific and logistics activities.
  • Management, upkeep of the Indian Antarctic Research Bases “Maitri,” “Bharati,” and the Indian Arctic base “Himadri.”
  • Management of the Ministry՚s research vessel ORV Sagar Kanya as well as the other research vessels chartered by the Ministry.

National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH)

  • To promote intensive research and activities in occupational and environmental health.
  • To devote quality endeavors in fundamental and applied research.
  • To study occupational dynamics, changing environmental contexts, and ascertain safe limits of human exposure to evolve guidelines of health programmes for their control.
  • To apply basic data in devising new techniques adapting to local needs and conditions for clinical, experimental and intervention purposes.
  • To internalize and externalize core competence to transfer knowledge and skill.
  • To establish inter-organizational coordination for cooperative research and occupational health delivery.

National Tiger Conservation Authority/Project Tiger

  • Evaluate and assess various aspects of sustainable ecology.
  • Disallow any ecologically unsustainable land use such as, mining, industry and other projects within the tiger reserves.
  • Lay down normative standards for tourism activities.
  • Guidelines for project tiger from time to time for tiger conservation in the buffer and core area of tiger reserves and ensure their due compliance.
  • Provide for management focus and measures for addressing conflicts of men and wild animal.
  • To emphasize on co-existence in forest areas outside the National Parks, sanctuaries or tiger reserve, in the working plan code.
  • Facilitate and support the tiger reserve management in the State for biodiversity conservation initiatives.
  • Ensure critical support.
  • Facilitate ongoing capacity building programme for skill development.
  • Perform such other functions as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act with regard to conservation of tigers and their habitat.

National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)

  • To develop knowledge on physical, chemical, biological, geological, geophysical, engineering and pollution aspects of the waters around India.
  • To provide support to various industries, government and non-government organizations through consultancy and contract research.
  • To disseminate knowledge on the waters around India

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB)

  • Exercise of powers under section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for issuing directions and taking such measures in respect of all the matters referred to in sub-section (2) of section 3 of the said Act.
  • To resort to penal provisions contained in sections 15 to 21 of the said Act.
  • To regulate and control, management and development of ground water in the country and to issue necessary regulatory directions for the purpose.
  • Exercise of powers under section 4 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for the appointment of officers.

Central Water Commission (CWC)

  • Hydrological observations and studies
  • Maintaining water resources information system for each river basin.
  • Providing assistance in regulation and development of interstate rivers.
  • Issuing flood/inflow forecasts.
  • Carrying out techno economic appraisal of projects.
  • Taking up survey and investigation of projects on request.
  • Providing design consultancy.
  • Advising and assisting the Government of India on related matters.

Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) , Ministry of Agriculture

  • To make regulations for construction and operation of aquaculture farms within coastal areas.
  • To inspect coastal aquaculture farms with view to ascertaining their environmental aspects.
  • Impact caused by coastal aquaculture.
  • To register coastal aquaculture farms.
  • To order removal or demolition of any coastal aquaculture farms.
  • To perform such other functions as may be prescribed.
  • Make suitable recommendations to Government for amending guidelines from time to time.
  • Granting permission to coastal aquaculture farms to culture SPF L. vannamei in the farms.
  • Granting permission to hatcheries for import brood stock of SPF L. vannamei and production of seeds.
  • Inspection and monitoring of coastal aquaculture farms and hatcheries.
  • Conducting awareness programmes for the coastal aquaculture farmers.

Environmental Information System (ENVIS)

  • To maintain and update databank on all aspects of assigned subject area/status of environment and related issues.
  • To host and maintain website for its dissemination.
  • To develop an inventory of authentic and reliable information.
  • Collect books, reports, and journals for collation, retrieval, processing and analysis and dissemination of information and database creation.
  • To produce value-added information products including directories of information at State/regional/National level.
  • To identify data gaps and knowledge gaps in the specified subject area and take action to fill these gaps.
  • To collect primary data, as mandated.
  • To bring out newsletters and other publications in assigned subject.

ENVIS Centre on Toxic Chemicals

  • Works to build up repository information related to toxic chemicals.
  • Get details related to research activities of the Centre.
  • Users can access the toxic chemicals database and specialized databases of anti-dote and treatment of chemical poisoning, antidote against snake and scorpion poisoning etc.
  • Users can register to access more related information and database.

National Horticulture Mission (NHM)

Role of Agencies in the National Horticulture Mission:

  • National Horticulture Board (NHB) , Gurgaon: National level Technology Support Group or TSG.
  • Directorate of Cashew and Cocoa Development (DCCD) , Kochi: Responsible for plantation crops, other than coconut and areca nut.
  • Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development (DASD) , Calicut: Responsible for areca nut, spices, and aromatic plants.
  • National Committee on Plasticulture Applications in Horticulture (NCPAH) , New Delhi: Responsible for precision farming and hi-tech horticulture through Precision Farming Development Centres (PFDCs) .
  • Coconut Development Board (CDB) , Kochi: Coconut based intercropping of vegetables etc.
  • Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) , New Delhi: Development of Agri Export Zones (AEZ) for horticultural crops.
  • Directorate of Marketing & Inspection (DMI) , New Delhi: Providing market intelligence and monitoring of programmes relating to marketing of horticulture crops.
  • Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MFPI) , New Delhi: MFPI will ensure convergence of their schemes with NHM cluster.
  • National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) , New Delhi: Development of medicinal plants in coordination with NHM.
  • National Horticulture Research & Development Foundation (NHRDF) , Nasik: Vegetables and vegetable seeds.

Nuclear Safety and Regulation, Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)

  • Develop safety policies in nuclear, radiation and industrial safety areas for facilities under its purview.
  • Develop Safety Codes, Guides, and Standards for siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation, and decommissioning of different types of nuclear and radiation facilities.
  • Ensure compliance with the regulatory requirements prescribed by AERB during all stages.
  • Prescribe the acceptance limits of radiation exposure to occupational workers.
  • Review the emergency preparedness plans.
  • Review the training program, qualifications and licensing policies.
  • Take such steps as necessary to keep the public informed on major issues of radiological safety significance.
  • Maintain liaison with statutory bodies in India as well as abroad regarding safety matters.
  • Promote research and development efforts in the areas of safety.
  • Review nuclear and industrial safety aspects in nuclear facilities under its purview.
  • Review safety related nuclear security aspects in nuclear facilities under its purview.
  • Notifying to the public, the ‘nuclear incident’ , occurring in the nuclear installations in India, as mandated by the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010.

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB)

  • Collect and collate intelligence related to organized Wildlife Crime activities.
  • To disseminate the same to State and other enforcement agencies for immediate action.
  • Co-ordination of actions by various officers, State Governments and other authorities in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of this Act, either directly or through regional and border units set up by the Bureau.
  • Implementation of obligations under various international Conventions and protocols.
  • Assistance to concerned authorities in foreign countries and concerned international organizations to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control.
  • Develop infrastructure and capacity building for scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes.
  • Assist State Governments to ensure success in prosecutions related to wildlife crimes.

Wildlife Institute of India (WII)

  • WII carries out wildlife research in areas of study like Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Wildlife Policy, Wildlife Management, Wildlife Forensics, Spatial Modeling, Eco development, Habitat Ecology and Climate Change.
  • WII has a research facility, which includes Forensics, Remote Sensing and GIS, Laboratory, Herbarium, and an Electronic Library.

Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)

Primary Objectives

  • Exploration, Survey, Inventorying and Monitoring of faunal diversity in various States, Ecosystems, and Protected areas of India.
  • Taxonomic studies of all faunal components collected.
  • Bio ecological studies on selected important communities/species.
  • Preparation of databases for the recorded species of the country.
  • Maintenance & Development of National Zoological Collections.
  • Training, Capacity Building and Human Resource Development.
  • Periodic review of the Status of Threatened and Endemic species.
  • Preparation of Red Data Book, Fauna of India, and Fauna of States.
  • Faunal Identification, Advisory services, and Library Services.
  • Publication of results including Fauna of India and Fauna of States.

Secondary Objectives

  • Environmental Impact Studies.
  • Development of ENVIS and CITES Centers.
  • Collaborative research programmes on Biodiversity with other Organizations.
  • Maintenance and Development of Museum at Headquarters and Regional Stations.
  • Research Fellowship, Associate ship and Emeritus Scientist Programmes.
  • GIS and Remote Sensing studies for animal diversity as well as for selected threatened species.
  • Chromosomal Mapping and DNA finger printing.

India Meteorological Department (IMD)

  • IMD is functioning under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) .
  • Responsible for meteorological observations, weather forecasting, and seismology.
  • It undertakes observations, communications, forecasting and weather services.
  • Provide current weather and forecast/meteorological information for optimum operation of weather.
  • Sensitive activities like agriculture, irrigation, shipping aviation, offshore oil exploration etc.
  • Warn against severe weather phenomena, which affect life and property.
  • Archive meteorological information for use in various activities.
  • Detect and locate earthquakes and evaluate seismicity in different parts of country for development projects.

Population Information Network (POPIN)

  • To facilitate the utilization of research findings for policy formulation and program implementation.
  • The possible approaches to be developed by population centers in facilitating in-country networking to extend population information services beyond capital cities to the local level.
  • The highest authority should explicitly state mandate and responsibilities of national population information centers.
  • Centers should contribute to the national population programs by collecting, processing, and disseminating population information effectively.
  • Greater flexibility in performing activities should be given to centers.
  • Training of staff should be expanded; external funding should be continued; and research and evaluation techniques should be developed.

National River Conservation Directorate (NRCD)

  • Functioning under the Ministry of Environment & Forests.
  • Engaged in implementing the River Action Plan under the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) by providing assistance to the state governments.

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution

Department of Consumer Affairs (DCA) is one of the two Departments under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution.

  • Internal Trade.
  • Inter-state Trade
  • Control of Futures Trading
  • Prevention of Black Marketing and Maintenance of Supply of Essential Commodities Act, 1980 (7 of 1980) .
  • Persons subjected to detention there under.
  • Regulation of Packaged Commodities.
  • Training in legal metrology.
  • Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1952 (12 of 1952) .
  • Standards of Weights and Measures.
  • Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 (63 of 1986) .
  • Consumer Cooperatives.
  • Monitoring of Prices and Availability of Essential Commodities.
  • Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (68 of 1986) .
  • Operate Consumer Welfare Fund Rules, 1992 framed under the Central Excise and Salt Act, 1944.

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC)

  • Responsible for planning, promoting, coordinating, and overseeing implementation of environmental and forestry programmes in India.
  • Main activities undertaken by the ministry include:
    • Conservation and survey of the flora of India and fauna of India, forests and other wilderness areas
    • Prevention and control of pollution
    • Afforestation and land degradation mitigation
  • Responsible for the administration of the national parks of India.

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS)

  • It is the Nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning, funding, and coordination of two flagship programmes of the Government of India.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission: To accelerate efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on safe sanitation.
  • National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) : Providing every person in rural India with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis.

Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES)

  • To provide nation with best possible services in forecasting monsoons and other weather/climate parameters, ocean state, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other phenomena related to earth systems through well-integrated programmes.
  • Play nodal role for Antarctic/Arctic and Southern Ocean research.
  • To create a framework for understanding the complex interactions among key elements of the Earth System.

Ministry of Tribal Affairs

  • To support and supplement the efforts, primarily of other Central Ministries, the State Governments and partly of voluntary organizations via financial assistance.
  • To fill critical gaps within institutions and programmes, taking into account the situation of STs.
  • Promoting the interests of Scheduled Tribes rests with all the Central Ministries.
  • Ministry supplements their efforts by way of various developmental interventions in critical sectors through specially tailored schemes.

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation

  • Overall planning, policy formulation, coordination, and guidance in the water resources sector.
  • Technical guidance, scrutiny, clearance and monitoring of the irrigation, flood control and multi-purpose projects (major/medium) .
  • General infrastructural, technical and research support for development.
  • Providing special Central Financial Assistance for specific projects and assistance in obtaining External Finance from World Bank and other agencies.
  • Overall planning for the development of Ground Water Resources, establishment of utilizable resources and formulation of policies for exploitation, overseeing of and support to State level activities in ground water development.
  • Formulation of national water development perspective.
  • Determination of the water balance of different basins/sub-basins for consideration of possibilities of inter-basin transfers.
  • Coordination, mediation, and facilitation about the resolution of differences or disputes relating to Inter-State Rivers.
  • Talks and negotiations with neighboring countries, about river waters, water resources development projects, and operation of Indus Water Treaty.
  • Ensure effective abatement of pollution and rejuvenation of the river Ganga.

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

  • Growing concern for country՚s energy security.
  • Energy self-sufficiency was identified as the major driver for new and renewable energy in the country in the wake of the two oil shocks of the 1970s.
  • Commission was charged with the responsibility of formulating policies.
  • In October 2006, Ministry was re-christened as the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture

Function and duties performed by DAC relate to the matters as have been assigned to it in the Government of India (Allocation of business) Rules, 1961, as amended from time to time.

Department of Land Resources (DoLR)

  • Guide and facilitate States to modernize land record management & build up a land information system.
  • Facilitate States efforts to usher in conclusive titling system.

Developed by: