Umbrella ICDS: Most Important Topic for 2021 CAT

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  • The Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme providing for supplementary nutrition, immunization and pre-school education to the children is a popular flagship programme of the government. It is one of the world՚s largest programs providing for an integrated package of services for the holistic development of the child. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by state governments and union territories.


  • To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0 - 6 years;
  • To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
  • To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout;
  • To achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development; and
  • To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.


  • Children in the age group of 0 - 6 years
  • Pregnant women and
  • Lactating mothers

Services under ICDS

  • The ICDS Scheme offers a package of six services, viz.
  • Supplementary Nutrition
  • Pre-school non-formal education
  • Nutrition & health education
  • Immunization
  • Health check-up and
  • Referral services

ICDS Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP)

  • The overall goal of the project is to improve nutritional and early childhood development outcomes of children in India. Key objectives of Phase 1 are to support the GoI & the selected States.
  • Strengthen the ICDS policy framework, systems & capacities, & facilitate community engagement, to ensure greater focus on children under three years of age in the project districts.
  • Strengthen convergent actions for improved nutrition outcomes in the stipulated districts.
  • The project will be implemented in identified 162 districts having higher proportion of child under - nutrition across eight States, viz. Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Besides, urban pilots will be undertaken in & around NCR of Delhi & convergent nutrition actions pilots in some selected districts in two non - project States viz. , Odisha & Uttarakhand. To get the list of districts.

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