CBSE UGC NET Geography Paper 2 June 2009

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Note: This paper contains fifty (50) objective-type questions, each question carring two (2) marks. Attempt all of them.

1. The slope replacement model was first proposed by:

(A) A. Young

(B) A. Young. Strahler

(C) W. Penck

(D) L.C. King

View Answer with Explanation

2. Obsequent streams generally flow:

(A) Along the consequent streams

(B) Opposite to the consequent strams

(C) At right angle of the consequent streams

(D) Diagonal to the consequent streams

View Answer with Explanation

3. Given below are two statements one labelled as assertion (A and the other labelled as Reason (R), select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A) : Magma is generated of the divergent plate boundaries.

Reason (R) : Upcoming magma reaches the surface of the constructive place margins at the top of the divergent plates.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(C) (A) is correct but (R) is flase

(D) (A) is false but (R) is correct

View Answer with Explanation

4. Arrange the following inter-glacial periods in a chronological order and select the correct answer using the code given below:

(i) Wurm

(ii) Riss

(iii) Mindal

(iv) Gunj

Codes:

(A) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

(B) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

(C) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(D) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)

View Answer with Explanation

5. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Theories vs Authors
Match theories vs authors

List- I (Theories)

List – II (Authors)

(a) Planetesimal hypothesis

(i) Kober

(b) Thermal contraction theory

(ii) Chamberlin

(c) Geosynclinal – Orogeny theory

(iii) Daly

(d) Hypothesis of sliding sliding continents

(iv) Jefferys

Q-5 Match List Codes
Q-5 Match List Codes

Codes:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(A)

(ii)

(iv)

(i)

(iii)

(B)

(iii)

(iv)

(ii)

(i)

(C)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(D)

(iv)

(iii)

(ii)

(i)

6. The greenhouse effect is due to:

(A) Absorption of ultraviolet radiation by sea water

(B) Absorption of infrared radiation by carbon dioxide and water vapor in the atmosphere

(C) Infrared reflection by oceanic surfaces

(D) Absorption of infrared radiation by plants.

View Answer with Explanation

7. Which of the following conditions would provide for the least amount of insolation?

(A) The sun is near the horizon

(B) The earth is at its closest point in its orbit to the sun

(C) The length of the day is maximum

(D) The length of the night is at its minimum

View Answer with Explanation

8. Given below are two statement one labelled as assertion (A) and other labelled as reason(R). Select your answer from the code given below:

Assertion (A) : Every planet in our solar system has an atmosphere

Reason (R) : Atmosphere is the basis of all elements of climate

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not correct explanation

(C) (A) is are true but (R is false

(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

View Answer with Explanation

9. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code the codes given below

Q-9 Match List
Q-9 Match List

List – I

List – II

(a) Ulttaviolet

(i) Equation

(b) Atmospheric window

(ii) Equation

(c) Ionized radiation

(iii) Equation

(d) Near infrared

(iv) X- rays and gamma rays

Q-9. Match List Codes
Q-9. Match List Codes

Codes:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(A)

(iv)

(iii)

(ii)

(i)

(B)

(iii)

(iv)

(i)

(ii)

(C)

(ii)

(i)

(iii)

(iv)

(D)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(i)

View Answer with Explanation

10. Arrange the following layers of layers of atmosphere vertically outward from the earth. Select the answer from the codes given below:

(i) Ozonosphere

(ii) Troposphere

(iii) Stratosphere

(iv) Ionosphere

View Answer with Explanation

11. Water mass heats move slowly than land mass because:

(A) Specific heat of water is small

(B) Evaporation warms the water surface

(C) Radiation cannot penetrate the surface water layer

(D) The surface water layer is easily mixed

View Answer with Explanation

12. Which of the following is not a characteristic of Phanerophytes?

(A They can sustain effects of extreme cold or hot temperatures, drought and high speed winds

(B) They are commonly found in temperate and moist tropical regions.

(C) They are tall perennial trees, shrubs, bushes

(D) The renewal buds of these plants always remain buried

View Answer with Explanation

13. In which of the following sequences, the increasing order of salinity concentration is correct?

(A) Red Sea – Gulf of Califormia – Arctic Ocean – Baltic Sea

(B) Gulf of California – Baltic Sea – Red Sees – Arctic Ocean

(C) Baltic Sea – Arctic Ocean – Gult of California – Red Sea

(D) Arctic Ocean – Gulf of California – Baltic Sea – Red Sea

View Answer with Explanation

14. Which of the following best describes how the second law of the thermodynamics is applied to the concept of trophic levels?

(A ) All the organic matter in one trophic level is converted during the transfer to the next higher level.

(B) None of the usable energy in one trophic level is lost as heat or during transfer to the next higher level.

(C) Much of the usable energy in one trophic level is lost as heat during trans to the next higher level.

(D) Energy flows as 100% efficiency from one trophic level to another.

View Answer with Explanation

15. Given below are two statements. One labelled as Reason(R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A) : Spring tides occur on fullmoon and no moon days

Reason (R) : On fullmoon and no moon days, the sun and moon are almost at right angles to the earth

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R are true and (R) is the correct explanation

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not correct explanation

(C) (A) is true but (R) is false

(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

View Answer with Explanation

16. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and labelled as Reason(R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion(A) : Recognizing regions requires investigation of similarities as well as differences over space.

Reason (R) : Areal differentiation is about establishing degrees of sameness as well as differences between regions.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) explains (A)

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct (R) does not explains (A)

(C) (A) is correct (R) is wrong

(D) (A is false but (R is correct

View Answer with Explanation

17. Welfare Geography emphasize the analysis of :

(A) Regional balanced development

(B) Public – private partnership in development

(C) Urban – industrial development

(D) Aspects of Quality of life

View Answer with Explanation

18. David Harvey is best known for his contributions to :

(A) Urban Geography

(B) Radical Geography

(C) Political Geography

(D) New Economic Geography

View Answer with Explanation

19. Given below are two statement, one labelled as Assertion (A) and labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A): The distribution of the world population is highly uneven.

Reason (R) : Political environments are responsible for uneven distribution of population

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not correct explanation of (A)

(C) (A) is false but (R) is true

(D) (A) is true but (R) is false

View Answer with Explanation

20. The growth of metropolitan cities is best explained by which combination of factoes:

(i) Extension of spatial boundaries

(ii) Immigration

(iii) High Birth – rate

(iv) Annexation of Peripheral settlements

Q-20. Match List
Q-20. Match List

Codes:

(A)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(B)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(C)

(iii)

(iv)

(i)

(D)

(i)

(ii)

(iv)

View Answer with Explanation

21. Settlements are considered to have an even distribution if R value is close to :

(A) 0.5

(B) 1.0

(C) 1.5

(D) 2.0

View Answer with Explanation

22. An urban settlement to be classified as a city in the India Census should have a minimum population of:

(A) 1 lakh

(2) 3 lakh

(3) 5 lakh

(4) 10 lakh

View Answer with Explanation

23. Given below are two statement, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the cost given below:

Assertion (A ) : Cities with very rapid rates of growth have more male adult population.

Reason (R) : City-Ward migration is sex and age selective.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) explains (A)

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) does not explains (A)

(C) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong

(D) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct

View Answer with Explanation

24. Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie are famous as:

(A) Resort towns

(B) Minning towns

(C) Industrial towns

(D) Institutions towns

View Answer with Explanation

25. Which of the following is a biotic resource?

(1) Iron

(2) Coal

(3) Copper

(4) Mica

View Answer with Explanation

26. Which one of the following is based on the principle of least cost?

(A) Weber’s theoty

(2) Losch’s theory

(3) Smiths spatial profitability theory

(4) Von-thunen theory

View Answer with Explanation

27. Match the following List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the code given below:

Q-27. Match List
Q-27. Match List

List – I

List - II

(a) France

(i) Salgilter Region

(b) Ukraine

(ii) Mesabi Region

(c) Smiths spatial Profitability theory

(iii) Lorraine Region

(d) USA

(iv) Krivoy Rog Region

Q-27. Match List Codes
Q-27. Match List Codes

Codes:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(A)

(iv)

(iii)

(i)

(ii)

(B)

(iii)

(iv)

(i)

(ii)

(C)

(i)

(ii)

(iv)

(iii)

(D)

(iv)

(i)

(iii)

(ii)

28. Arrange the following with respect to bulk shipping trade(2001) in India in descen order:

(A) Kandla, Chennai, Mumbai, Vishakapatnam

(B) Mumbai, Kandla, Chennai, Vishakapatnam

(C) Vishakapatnam, Chennai, Kandla, Mumbai

(D) Mumbai, Chennai, Vishakapatnam, Kandla

View Answer with Explanation

29. In Mckinder’s Heartland Theory, the Indian Ocean was included in:

(A) Outer Crescent

(B) Inner Crescent

(C) Secondary Heartland

(D) World Island

View Answer with Explanation

30. Who made the statement the following tribes is confined to a single state of North India?

(1) Spykman

(2) Kjellan

(3) Mackinder

(4) Haushofer

View Answer with Explanation

31. Which combination of the following tribes is confined to a single state of North East India?

(A) Khasi – Nagas

(B) Garo – Khasi

(C) Naga – Mizo

(D) Tamil, Marathi

View Answer with Explanation

32. Which one of the following sets belongs to Dravidian group of language?

(A) Kannada, Telugu

(B) Marathi. Guajarati

(C) Malayalam, Oriya

(D) Tamil, Marathi

View Answer with Explanation

33. The concept of place – folk – work was given by:

(A) Clarence Stein

(B) Le Play

(C) Vidal de la Blache

(D) Jean Brunhes

View Answer with Explanation

34. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other labelled as

Reason (R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A) : Regional disparities have increased both at the regional and interpersonal levels in the post –liberalization period in India.

Reason (R) : New – liberal policies are based on the principles of comparative advantage and adhere to the efficiency criterion.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) correct and (R) explains (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) does not explain (A)

(C) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong

(D) (A is wrong but (R) is correct

View Answer with Explanation

35. The concept of the “neighbourhood unit” in urban planning was given by:

(A) Le Corbusier

(B) Clarence Perry

(C) Lewis Mumford

(D) Frank Lloyd Wright

View Answer with Explanation

36. One of the most comprehensive attempts to delineate India into planning regions was made by:

(A) The Planning Commission of India

(B) Town and Country Planning Organization

(C) Nation Council for Applied Economic Research

(D) Indian Institute of Public Administration

View Answer with Explanation

37. Lakdhadweep Island are of:

(A) Volcanic origin

(B) Coral origin

(C) Tectonic origin

(D) Alluvial origin

View Answer with Explanation

38. Domestication of plants and animals was started in the:

(A) Eolithic period

(B) Mesolithic period

(C) Neolithic period

(D) Paleolithic period

View Answer with Explanation

39. Which of these historic monuments is not associated with Delhi?

(A) Gateway Of India

(B) Appughar

(C) Qutubminar

(D) Red fort

View Answer with Explanation

40. The upliftment of the Himalata was first initiated during the period of :

(A) Middle Pliocene

(B) Middle Oligocene

(C) Middle Eocene

(D) Middle Miocene

View Answer with Explanation

41. Match the following list – I with List –II and select the correct answer from the code given below:

Q-41. Match List
Q-41. Match List

List – I

List – II

(a) Meghalaya

(i) Kohima

(b) Manipur

(ii) Aizwal

(C) Nagaland

(iii) Shillong

(D) Mizoram

(iv) Imphal

Q-41. Match List Codes
Q-41. Match List Codes

Codes:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(A)

(iii)

(ii)

(iv)

(i)

(B)

(iii)

(iv)

(i)

(ii)

(C)

(ii)

(iii)

(i)

(iv)

(D)

(iii)

(ii)

(i)

(iv)

42. Cadastral map is meant for:

(A) Showing urban areas

(B) Ion project) Relief and drainage

(C) Distribution of Crops

(D) Showing plot / field boundaries

View Answer with Explanation

43. International projection is a modified form of:

(A) Polyconic

(B) Sinusoidal

(C) Bonne’s

(D) Cylindrical equal Area

View Answer with Explanation

44. Which of the following is the component of GIS?

(A) Data input and verification sub – system

(B) Data strong and retrieval sub – system

(C) Data strorage and retrieval sub – system

(D Data manipulation and analysis sub – system

View Answer with Explanation

45. Given below are two statements ,one labelled as Assertion (A) and other labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the codes given below:

Assertion (A) : Median is not affected by the values of extreme items.

Reason (R) : It need an arrangement of the data in ascending or descending order.

Codes:

(A) Both (A and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(B) Both (A and (R) are true and (R) is not correct explanation of (A)

(C) (A) is true but is false

(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

View Answer with Explanation

46. Match the following List- I with List- II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Q-46 Match List
Q-46 Match List

List – I

List - II

(a) Homolographic

(i) True bearing

(b) Orthomorphic

(ii) Equal area

(c) Equidistant

(iii) Correct shape

(d) Azimuthal

(iv) Equal distance

Match list 1 with list 2
Match list 1 with list 2

Codes:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(A)

(iii)

(ii)

(i)

(iv)

(B)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(i)

(C)

(ii)

(iii)

(i)

(iv)

(D)

(iv)

(ii)

(i)

(iii)

Read the following paragraph and answer the question number 47 to 50.

The great underlying principle of modern Geomorphology is known as the principle of uniformitarianism. It was first enunciated by Hutton in 1785, beautifully restarted by Play fair in 1802 and popularized by Lyell in the numerous editions of his ‘Principles of Geology’. Hutton taught that “ the present is the key to the past”, but he applied this principle somewhat too rigidly and argued that geologic processes operated throughout geologic time with the same intensity as now. We know now that this is not true. Glaciers were much more significant during the Pleistocene and during other periods of geologic time than now; world climates have not always been distributed as they now are, and, thus regions that are now humid have been humid; periods of crustal instability seem to have separated periods of relative crustal stability, although there are some who doubt this : and there were times when volcanism was more important than now. Numerous other examples could be cited to show that the intensity of various geologic processes has varied through geologic time but these is no reason to believe that streams did not cut valleys glaciers of the Pleistocene behaves any differently from existing glaciers; that the winds which deposited the Navajo sandstone during Jurassic times obeyed the different laws from those which control wind movements today, ground water opened up solution passageways in Limestones and other soluble rocks and formed surface depressions which are now called sinkholes during the Permian and Pennsylvanian Periods as it does today in many part of world.

Without the principle of Uniformitarianism there could hardly be a science of Geomorphology that was more than pure description.

47. What is the main theme of uniformitarianism?

(A) Climate has been uniform in geological times

(B) The present is the key to the past

(C) Glacieres were always significant in geological past

(D) The Geomorphic processes operated throughout geological times, operated with the same intensity as now

View Answer with Explanation

48. Who first enunciated the principle of uniformitarianism?

(1) Playfair

(2) Dutton

(3) Hutton

(4) Kober

View Answer with Explanation

49. Glaciers were more significant in the geological period:

(A) Tertiary period

(B) Pleistocene period

(C) Eocene period

(D) Permian period

View Answer with Explanation

50. A characteristic feature of limestone topography is:

(1) Yardang

(2) Sink hole

(3) Bajada

(4) Pediment

View Answer with Explanation