5 Relationships in System Analysis: Perspectives in Human Geography YouTube Lecture Handouts

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SYSTEM ANALYSIS

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James explains system as “a whole (a person, a state, a culture, a business) which functions as whole because of the interdependence of its parts”.

Advantages of system analysis are:

  • Need to study systems rather than isolated phenomena

  • Need to identify the basic principles governing systems

  • From analogies with subject matter

  • Need for general principles to cover various systems

Characteristics and Aspects

  • Structure

  • Function

  • Development

Structure of System Analysis

Types of Inter-Relationships

Types of System

Image of Types of System

Image of Types of System

Image of Types of System

An open system is defined as a “system in exchange of matter with its environment, presenting import and export, building-up and breaking-down of its material components.” Open system allows exchange of matter and energy.

Closed systems are held to be isolated from their environment. There is no exchange of matter or energy.

Morphological systems is the network of structural relationships or cross-correlations between the constituent parts of systems.

Cascading systems explains path followed by throughputs of energy or mass.

Process-Response systems have linkage of at least one morphological and one cascading system. Understanding in simple terms we say that morphological structure is related to the process that is energized by cascading systems.

Control systems are process-response systems where key components are controlled by some intelligence where geographical units are concerned.