CBSE (UGC) NET Paper 1 Communication and Technology: Introduction
Communication is the most common feature of our life. Human beings can not survive in isolation. We cannot imagine our life without it. Every living species have their own way of communication. We use different symbols, gestures, and other different means to communicate with each other. Communication is required not only to represent our ideas, views, Feeling but also to understand other people. Classroom communication is very crucial in teaching. It requires the attention from both sides i.e.. From the teacher as well as from the student. As, if a teacher explains a topic in a language which is not known to the students, his teaching will be unusable. He has to communicate in a way which is most acceptable to the students.
Communication may be defined as “an exchange of ideas, facts, opinion or emotions by two or more people” An crucial virtue to be developed by teacher is the promotion of competent communication skill. The teacher should be able to communicate in an effective manner by arranging the information emphatically and logically. It should enable children to understand and conceptualized their world. This is the very essence of communication in teaching. The word “Communication” is basically derived from the Latin word “Communicare” which means “to make common.” or “to share” It is also believed to have been based on a Latin word, “communis” which means to communicate and share, to impart a piece of information, a message, an idea or concept. It is a process, which includes transmission of information, ideas, emotions, skills, knowledge by using symbols, words, pictures, graphs, drawings, illustrations etc. The act of communication is known as ‘transmission’
“Communication” is the process by which we understand and in turn try to be understood by others. It is dynamic, frequently changing and shifting in response to the entire situation. “communication” can be defined as “the interchange of thoughts or ideas” The objective of communication is to induce, inform, suggest, warn, order, change behaviour and establish better relation with others.
Effective communication is a prerequisite for the attainment of objectives, more so in educational institutions. All teaching-learning process is carried through the process of communication. Generally, it seems that communication is a one way process. But we can see in our daily life that it is a two way process, as, communication is a system through which the messages are sent, and feedback are received. Communication is, therefore, the process of transferring a specific information or message from an information source to a desired, definite or a specific destination.
- One of the fundamentals of communication messages is perception. The effectiveness of communication is limited by the recipient's range of perception.
- Secondly, people perceive only what they understand.
- Thirdly, communication makes a demand on the recipient pertaining to the emotional preference or rejection.
- At last, communication is not to be focused with information. As information is logical, formal and impersonal but communication is perception. Communication process is generally happens through spoken or written words, pictures and in many other equivalent forms.
In oral communication, the transmitter is the “voice box” of the speaker. In telegraphy, it is the telegraphic key board or Morse key which codes the message into dashes and dots.
The receiver decodes the transmitted message in a form he can understand and comprehend. The receiver of the message may be the human ear, which converts sound waves into a comprehensible form which can be recognized by the human brain; a television receiver decodes the electromagnetic waves into recognizable visual representation. The printed message can be deciphered by a receiver which can recognize and understand the language.
Noted communication scholar, David K. Berlo, has stated that “we look to the message like speech, manuscript, play, advertisement, etc. To determine the communicative purpose” The process of communication involves a procedure consisting of only a few steps.
Berlo has suggested one model to properly comprehend the process which includes: A communication source or an encoder, A message, A channel, A decoder or a communication receiver or a destination. This is reflected as follows: The information source, decides to communicate and encodes a message, transmits it through a channel to the receiver, which is then decoded and acted upon. There are noises or distortions in the process.