2.06 lakh primary schools have been sanctioned under SSA.
Section 4 RTE Act, 2009 provides special training for out of school children who have missed academic years so that they can be mainstreamed in formal schools.
As per Unified District Information System, average annual dropout rate at primary level is 4.13% in 2014-15 from 4.34% in 2013-14. Steps taken to reduce the dropout rate include:
Strengthening of school infrastructure and facilities
Residential hostel buildings for children not covered by regular schools
Provisioning for additional teachers
Regular training of teachers
Free textbooks and uniforms.
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme provides residential upper primary schools for girls from SC, ST and OBCs, and Minority communities.
Mid-Day Meal Scheme enhances enrolment and retention of children in schools.
Learning Outcomes for each class in Languages (Hindi, English, and Urdu), Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science, and Social Science finalized until elementary level.
SSA supports interventions to improve teaching standards through:
Regular in-service teachers’ training
Recruitment of teachers for improving pupil-teacher ratio
Academic support for teachers through block and cluster resource centers
School grants for development of appropriate teaching-learning materials
Central Government conducted two studies of teachers’ attendance in 2006 and 2013- overall attendance improved from 81.7% to 84.3% at primary level and from 80.5% to 81.3% at upper primary level. Steps to improve teachers’ attendance include:
Monitoring teachers’ attendance through School Management Committee
Biometric attendance on pilot basis.
NITSER (National Institutes of Technology, Science Education, and Research) Amendment Bill passed in Rajya Sabha on 26th July, 2017.
Bill proposes two new Institutions namely Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Tirupati and IISER Berhampur in the Second Schedule of the NITSER Act, 2007.
Five IISERs at Kolkata (2006), Pune (2006), Mohali (2007), Bhopal (2008), and Thiruvananthapuram (2008)
With two new IISERs there are now seven.
Rajya Sabha passed Indian Institute of Information Technology Public Private Partnership (IIIT-PPP) Bill 2017 to grant degrees to the students in IIITs set up in PPP mode.
15 IIITs established in PPP mode to be declared Institutes of National Importance and granted statutory status.
IIITs in PPP mode involve State Government and industry partners
Supposed to be self-sustainable within 5 years with appropriate financial process in place.
Principle is autonomy to Institutes with fine balance between autonomy and accountability
Funding from Centre: State: Industry as 50:35:15
Total 15 IIIT covered by the Bill:
5 (five) in 2013-14 at Kota, Chittoor, Guwahati, Vadodara, Tiruchirapalli.
3 (three) in 2014-15 - Sonepat, Kalyani, Una
4 (four) in 2015-16 - Lucknow, Senapati, Dharwad, Kottayam
3 (three) in 2016-17 - Nagpur, Pune, Ranchi
3 (three) to start in 2017-18 - Bhopal, Surat, Bhagalpur
Implemented since 2011 to encourage the youth to pursue higher education in educational institutions outside the state with initiatives to ensure the benefits availed by all deserving students.
Students having domicile of Jammu & Kashmir State and those who have passed class 12th examination in academic year 2016-17 or 2015-16 or appearing in 2016-17 from the J&K Board or CBSE affiliated schools located in J&K are only eligible for registration.
The Union Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MEITY) constituted an expert committee to study and identify key data protection issues and recommend methods for addressing them.
10 member committee comprising of members headed by Supreme Court Retired Judge Justice B N Srikrishna
Includes representatives from department of telecommunications (DoT), IT ministry, Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and academic community
Ministry of electronics and information technology to be a driving force
The IT ministry assisted by the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy working towards data protection legislation.
Vidhi is a not-for-profit company set up under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956. A legal think-tank who helped draft the Aadhaar Act of 2016 and the recent Bankruptcy Code
Assist government with better laws.
Provide research and drafting support
Work conducted by Public Law, and Financial Regulation & Corporate Law verticals.
Disseminates independent research critical to India’s future.
Judicial Reform: Data-driven approach for reforms addressing problem of judicial delays.
Health, Environment and Law: Conducts empirical, interdisciplinary research involving environmental and public health issues.
Education Law: Conducts legal research on enforceability of the Right to Education Act, and school regulation.
Bill empowers IIMs to attain global excellence in education, research, and allied areas. It provides administrative, academic, and financial autonomy to them to grant degrees.
Declares IIMs as Institute of national importance
Allows IIMs to grant degrees to their students
Grants them complete autonomy, combined with adequate accountability
Establishes coordination of IIMs as an advisory body.
Empowers IIM board to drive the institute management and select Chairperson and Director of IIM.
Board to have greater participation of experts and alumni.
Include women and members from ST/SCs.
Periodic review of the performance of IIM by independent agencies with results in public domain.
Place the Annual Report of the IIMs in the Parliament and CAG (Comptroller and auditor general of India) auditing their accounts
India’s biggest Global Skill Park will come up on 37 acre land allotted in Bhopal. It will be established with the support of Singapore’s Institute of Technical Education and Education Services (ITEES).
Prepare skilled youths for jobs in private companies
‘With Industry -For Industry’.
Capacity to train 1000 students every year
Campaign launched by Prime Minister on 15th July 2015 to train over 40 crore (400 million) people different skills by 2022.
UK entered into a partnership under this program- enable young student to experience the school system of the other country developing an understanding of the culture, traditions and social and family systems.
Oracle to build a new 2.8 million sq. ft. campus in Bengaluru to train more than 0.5 million students each year in computer science skills through partnerships to 2,700 institutions in India
Japan's private sector to set up six institutes of manufacturing to train 30,000 people over 10 years
Through Japan-India Institute of Manufacturing (JIM) and Japanese Endowed Courses (JEC) in engineering colleges.
The first three institutes would be set up in Gujarat, Karnataka and Rajasthan in the summer of 2017
Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion Program
Provide market relevant training to 350 million young Indians.
SWAYAM is a Massive Open Online Courses platform- MOOCs.
Designed for three cardinal principles of Education Policy- access, equity, and quality.
Indigenous IT platform for hosting all courses from 9th till post-graduation – free and interactive courses
NPTEL for engineering
UGC for post-graduation education
CEC for under-graduate education
NCERT & NIOS for school education
IGNOU for out of the school students
IIMB for management studies.
SWAYAM PRABHA conceived as group of 32 DTH channels devoted to telecasting of high-quality educational programs on 24X7 basis using the GSAT-15 satellite.
Everyday 4 hours content would be repeated 5 times a day
Channels uplinked from BISAG, Gandhinagar.
Content provided by NPTEL, IITs, UGC, CEC, IGNOU, NCERT and NIOS.
INFLIBNET Centre maintains the web portal.
Higher Education: All courses certification-ready, the platform being developed for offering MOOCs courses.
School education (9-12 levels): For teacher's training and children education
Curriculum-based courses for life-long learning.
Assist students (class 11th & 12th) prepare for competitive exams.
National Academic Depository (NAD) is an initiative of MHRD
Facilitate digital issuance, storage, access and verification of Academic Awards issued by Academic Institutions.
Initiative under “Digital India” theme towards achieving Digital enablement of the Education Records.
Digital, Online, Trusted, Verifiable Certificates which are accessible in a secure manner at all times
Short term job oriented skill development course for youths belonging to minority communities. Besides providing various job-oriented skill development courses, Gharib Nawaz Skill Development Centres of Ministry of Minority Affairs will also offer certificate course in GST accounting and programming and other related subjects.
“Centres of empowerment” of Minority youths. 100 Navoday Vidyalaya type schools will be opened in Minority concentrated areas & 23 Gurukul type residential schools.
Would be established in 100 districts of India with Nai Udaan scheme
Provide quality education to each and every child, launched by Ministry of Minority Affairs as mega education campaign “Tahrik-e-Taleem”.
“3E”- Education, Employment, Empowerment to ensure Minorities becoming part of mainstream development process.
National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) plays a vital role in implementation of various schemes of Minority Affairs Ministry at the grass root level.
Jigyasa, a student- scientist connect program launched by CSIR & Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) to promote scientific temperament in the students.
Signing of MoU between CSIR & KVS to extend student’s classroom learning with that of a very well planned research laboratory based learning.
Enable students and teachers to practically live the theoretical concepts taught in science by visiting CSIR laboratories and by participating in mini-science projects.
Connect 1151 KVS with 38 National Laboratories of CSIR targeting 100,000 students and nearly 1000 teachers annually
Major initiative taken up by CSIR at national level, during its Platinum Jubilee Celebration Year.
A high-level 11-member committee, under Ministry of Minority Affairs to chalk a roadmap for educational empowerment of Minorities.
Establish 5 world class educational institutions for traditional and modern education to minority students in technical, medical, Ayurveda, Unani fields.
Institutes can get started in next two years.
Proposed 40% reservation for girls
HRD Ministry to remove no-detention policy from the next academic year. The rule stated that Under the Right to Education Act, no child was to be detained or held back in any class or expelled till the completion of elementary education covering classes 1 to 8.
Students up to class VIII automatically promoted to the next class even if they do not get a passing grade.
Implemented as part of the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) under the RTE Act
Prevent dropouts & create pressure fear environment
CCE lays emphasis on evaluating a child through the year- not just in one or two term exams.
TSR Subramanian committee on Education recommended the no detention policy till Class V and exams be held from Class VI onwards.
Vasudev Devnani committee earlier recommended the revocation of No-Detention Policy.
The current theme is ‘Science Express Climate Action Special (SECAS)’ focusing on Climate Change and Science & Technology
Successfully completed 8 phases of journey which included 4 phases as ‘Science Express’, 3 phases as ‘Biodiversity Special’ and another as ‘Climate Action Special’.
Flagship program of the Dept. of Science & Technology (DST)
Innovative mobile science exhibition on a 16 coach AC train, traveling across India since October 2007
Exhibiting at 495 locations
Entry is free and open to all
Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre (VASCSC), Ahmedabad manages SECAS across India.
Longest running and the most visited mobile science exhibition with twelve records in the Limca Book
Phase I to IV exhibit research in Science and Technology
Phase V to VII based on biodiversity
Phase VIII was this years ‘Science Express Climate Action Special (SECAS)’
Solar panels installed on the rooftop of Science Express coaches 11-13 for harnessing solar energy.
Establishment in Varanasi
Centre of Excellence in Rice Value Addition (CERVA) to be set up in Varanasi
Modern laboratory to determine quality and status of heavy metals in grain and straw.
Enable capacity building across the rice value chain
First international center in eastern India for harnessing and sustaining rice production.
Established by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare
For conducting field experiments & grow out tests in off-season.
Have a separate National Seed Quality Control Laboratory serving as a Central Seed Testing Laboratory (CSTL)
CSTL to keep uniformity in seed testing among all State Seed Testing Laboratories at the national level
All higher institutes to join the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) with the number of institutes participating in the rating dropped to 2,995 in 2017, from 3563 in 2016. HRD ministry to relax criteria for rankings.
India has 39,000 colleges, 11,000 standalone institutions, and over 760 universities for total of 51,000 institutions.
NIRF saw participation of only 6% institutes due to lack of awareness, non-eligibility or lack of documentation.
New draft of regulations for Online Education
Helpful for students and executives to get UGC recognized degrees online except for engineering, medicine, dental, pharmacy, nursing, architecture, and physiotherapy
With “Swayam”, universities offer 20% of their courses through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). With new regulation, institutions can design, develop, and deliver online programs leading to the award of a degree or diploma via internet, once recognized.
Delivery process can be online or via a suitably designed online technology platform
Comfort and Safety
Yash Pal (26 November 1926 – 24 July 2017) will be remembered as an Indian scientist, educator and educationist known for study of cosmic rays, and for building Indian institutions for education
Started career at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)
Served as chairperson of UGC from 1986 to 1991.
He also served the nation as Chief Consultant of Planning Commission and Member of Scientific Council, International Centre for Theoretical Physics.
Known for his contribution to the study of cosmic rays
Served as chancellor of JNU, New Delhi from March 2007 to March 2012
Honored with the Padma Bhushan (1976) & Padma Vibhushan (2013), the third and second highest Indian civilian honors.
Received Indira Gandhi Prize for Popularization of Science (2000) and Meghnad Saha Medal (2006) for his outstanding contribution to science
In 2009, received Kalinga Prize, by UNESCO for the popularization of science.
Awarded the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for excellence in public administration, academics and management
1970s: Path breaking Hoshangabad Science Teaching Program
1993: Served in National Advisory Committee with report entitled "Learning without Burden" regarded as a seminal document in Indian education.
Chaired steering committee on NCERT for drawing up the National Curriculum Framework
Chaired committee on higher education for examining reform of higher education in India. Committee emphasized idea of a university, and advocated a number of major structural changes.
Department of Science & Technology (DST) has used several mechanisms, schemes, programs and projects across the entire length and breadth of the country to popularize science.
Launched in 1992 to encourage and engage school students in the age group 10–17 years to find possible science and technology (S&T) solutions for challenges in local localities and communities.
Each year, about 500,000 rural & urban students participate at the District level competitions.
Conglomeration of different scientific components, with a focus on students and the young scientists-
Science Village (3000 school students from rural background)
Young Scientist Conference (with 3000 scientists from various R&D institutions)
Mega Science Expo with the participation of all the scientific and R&D institutions across India
Supported by Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences in association with Vijnana Bharati for the second successive year in 2016.
Comes under Ministry of Culture
Organizes Science & Engineering Fair, Innovation Festivals and Mobile Science Exhibition Program.
Has fleet of 24 exhibition buses with science exhibits traveling in rural areas mainly
‘Women Scientist Scheme’ of DST, provides career opportunities with fellowship to unemployed women scientists and technologists for pursuing research in frontier areas of Science and Engineering.
Women Scientists Scheme-A (WOS-A) for conducting research in Basic & Applied Sciences
Women Scientists Scheme-B (WOS-B) for S&T interventions for Societal Benefit
Women Scientists Scheme-C (WOS-C) for Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) professional
400 women scientists awarded financial support under Women Scientist Scheme
30% absorbed in mainstream through regular employment
40% able to complete their PhD while pursuing the program
Not a centrally sponsored scheme, hence no State or UT wise allocation of funds
AAUW International Fellowships for Women: Full-time study or research in USA to women not US citizens or permanent residents.
Schlumberger Foundation Faculty for the Future Fellowships for Women: Fellowships to women from developing and emerging economies to pursue PhD or Post-doctorate studies in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines worldwide.
Margaret McNamara Memorial Fund for Women: Grants to women from developing and middle-income countries to further their education and strengthen the professional and leadership skills
PEO International Peace Scholarship for Women: Provides scholarships to women from other countries for graduate study in USA & Canada.
UNESCO-L’Oreal Fellowships For Women in Science: L’Oreal in partnership with UNESCO, awards fellowships to women researchers pursuing doctoral or post-doctoral research programs in life sciences
Amelia Earhart Fellowship for Women in Aerospace-related Sciences and Engineering: 35 women pursuing doctoral degrees in aerospace-related sciences or aerospace-related engineering.
Google Anita Borg Memorial Scholarships for Women: Encourages women to excel in computing and technology.
Central Scheme to provide Interest Subsidy (CSIS): Full interest subsidy available to economically weaker students, for studies in India, for educational loans disbursed on or after 1st April, 2009 during the period of moratorium.
Padho Pardesh Scheme: Awards interest subsidy to meritorious economically weaker students of notified minority communities for overseas studies.
Dr Ambedkar Central Sector Scheme of Interest Subsidy on Educational Loan for Overseas Studies for OBC: Interest payable for the period of moratorium is borne by the Government.
Vidya Lakshmi Portal: Allows students to apply online and track education loans facilitating processing and disbursal of loans. All Scheduled Commercial Banks provide Education Loan to students with simple interest charged during the study period up to commencement of repayment. Accrued interest is added to the principal amount for calculating the repayment EMI (Equated Monthly Instalment).
Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Education Loans (CGFSEL): Provides collateral free loan upto Rs. 7.5 lakh.