Manipur SCS status revoked – now get only 30% central help in contrast to 90% before
Aadhaar- 12 digit unique-identity number issued to all Indian residents.
This is based on their biometric and demographic data, and notably is a proof of residence and not a proof of citizenship.
Data is collected by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)
15th FC about to be formed
Established by President of India under Article 280
To define the financial relations between the central government of India and the individual state governments
Term is 5 years with Chairman and 4 members
Now – GST & focus shifted from state of origin to destination
Did not clear Amartya Sen documentary ‘The Argumentative Indian’. Asked to remove words such as “Cow”, “Gujarat”, “Hindutva” and “Hindu Rashtra” which are expunged or beeped out.
Statutory body under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment established on 14 August 1993
Bill passed in April 2017 to grant it constitutional status
Chapter 1: Hindi as official language of India
Chapter 2: Regional languages
Chapter 3: Language of SC, HC or any legal text will be English
Chapter 4: Special deriatives
Parliamentary Committee on Official Language recommended to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to make Hindi compulsory in all CBSE-affiliated schools till Class X.
2 conditions under which a member of a political party may be disqualified
Voluntarily giving up their membership
When a whip is disobeyed
Empowers the SC to pass any decree or order necessary for doing “complete justice” in any matter pending before it.
Ban on sale of liquor
In case of Union Carbide – Bhopal gas tragedy
Ban sale of diesel cars with an engine capacity of 2000 cc
Provides for universal adult suffrage
Does not specifically mention the right to vote
Identify “socially and educationally backward classes”, understand the conditions of their backwardness, and make recommendations to remove the difficulties they face.
Allows the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to define the list of ‘permanent residents’ of the state, who -
Are eligible to vote
Can work for the state government
Can own land, buy property
Can secure public employment and college admissions, etc.
It offers J&K special position
Aim to address the flaws in article rather repeal it
Leader of Opposition to be part of selection committee of Lokpal
2nd largest party must have 10% seats to get status of Opposition Party
Also recall referendum
Procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before their term has ended.
Drafted by Thomas Macaulay
Introduced in the 1870s
Dealt with increasing Wahabi activities that posed a challenge to the colonial government.
Section 124a in IPC makes "words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards the government" punishable by law, a fine and a maximum punishment of life imprisonment.
Comprises of CJI and a forum of four senior-most judges of the SC.
It recommends on appointments and transfers of judges.
Appointment of judges by judges-selecting-judges
Uttarakhand High Court declared the rivers Yamuna and Ganga as legal or juridical persons, enjoying all the rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
It is the first time that an element of the natural environment has been declared a legal person.
Indian courts, previously have granted this status to temple deities, religious books, corporations, etc.
Extraordinary situation and parens patriae (parent of country – power of sovereign and not court to provide protection)
National Nutrition Policy – Kuposhan Mukt Bharat. Worst states – AP >TN > Gujarat > Maharashtra > Odisha. NFHS-4 (2014-15) – National Family Health Survey
Darpan Portal: Mandatory for all NGOs and voluntary organisations (VOs) to register with NITI Aayog to receive grant-in-aid from ministries or departments of the central government.
Separate state demand
Darjeeling and Kalimpong districts
Linguistic and cultural difference to Bengali
8th Schedule of the Constitution lists Nepali as the official language of Darjeeling district as well as of Sikkim.
Bodoland Tribal Area Districts of Assam and the Indigenous Peoples’ Front of Tripura will start demand
New law proposed by the National Campaign against Mob Lynching to protect people.
To provide effective protection to vulnerable persons, punish acts of lynching, and provide rehabilitation and compensation for victims and their families.
To curb and punish mob lynching, whether provoked in the name of the cow protection or any other reason
In lieu of UP government’s ban on cow slaughter
Military and political term describing the deliberate placement of non-combatants in or around combat targets to deter the enemy from attacking these combat targets
Farooq Ahmed Dar – J&K
Budgam Incident is a violation of the Geneva Convention, also violation of the Constitution of India and the military code.
Kofi Annan Foundation and Advisory Commission on Rakhine State Report
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