CBSE (UGC) NET Paper 1 Higher Education: School education
Indian school education system is a two-tier system, the first ten years consisting general education followed by two years of senior secondary education. Primary education can be categorized into two stages, namely: The first five years form the primary stage (Standards I-Vth) and the coming next three years, the upper primary stage or middle school (Standards VI-VIIIth). Secondary education generally lasts between two and four years. After two years, pupils who have completed ten years of education (Standard Xth) take the Secondary School Certificate. Students then enter higher secondary schools or Junior Colleges and complete a further two years of education (Standards XI and XTIth). Courses put focus on university preparation. Public examinations are conducted at the end of Standard IX either by individual states or by Central Boards and lead to the award of the Higher Secondary School Certificate also known as All India Senior School Certificate or Indian School Certificate or Pre-University Course. Vocational education is however provided in two years at Higher and Technical Schools and lead to the Certificate of Vocational Education i.e.. CVE.