CBSE (UGC) NET Paper 1 Higher Education: New Initiatives, Vocationalization At The 1st Degree Level
New Initiatives, Vocationalization At The 1st Degree Level
With the permission of National Policy on Education 1986, a scheme is came into influence regarding the career orientation to education at the first degree level was started in the year 1994 − 95. In this scheme, a university I college could introduce one to three vocational courses in 35 identified subjects. Autonomous Colleges: 138 colleges have been working as individual colleges in eight states in the country. National Eligibility Test (NET) is being organised by the UGC since the year 1989 for eligibility for lectureship. About 50, 000 students give this test every year. Passing percentile is around 5%. Eight State Level Tests have been recognized at par with NET.
The Governance system of Higher Education Institutions: The Universities are of different kinds: With a single faculty, or multi-faculties; teaching or affiliating, or teaching cum affiliating, single campus or multiple campus. Most of the Universities are affiliating universities. Which prescribe to the affiliated colleges the course of study, hold examinations and award degrees, while undergraduate and to some extent post, the colleges affiliated to them impart graduate instruction. Many of the university along with their affiliated colleges have grown speedily to the extent of becoming uamanageable. So, as per National Policy on Education 1986, a scheme of autonomous colleges was promoted. In the autonomous colleges, whereas the degree continues to be awarded by the University, the name of the college is also included. The colleges grow and propose new courses of study to the university for approval. They are also wholly accountable for conducting the examination. There are currently 126 autonomous colleges in the country.
Focus of Ninth Plan: Thrust areas are: Measures for quality enhancement and modernization of syllabi. Development of infrastructure, extra-budgetary resource mobilization and greater attention to issues in governance. Issues of access and relevance would receive attention. Conferment of grater autonomy to outstanding colleges and professional upgradation of teachers through Academic Staff Colleges would be given priority. Emphasis is being placed on consolidation and rational use of the current infrastructure through institutional networking. Restructuring expansion. So as to only meet the demand of the unserved areas with keeping in mind women and the under privileged segment of society.
The Open University system, which is attaining huge popularity and size is still craving for the diversified courses, offerings and gain wider acceptability by updating and enhancing its quality. Attention is specifically on the educational needs of women and rural society, as well as professional training of in service employees.