Focuses on biological structures- brain, genes, hormones, endocrine system and neurotransmitters
Focus on the parts of brain in regulating feelings, memories, emotions
Behaviour genetics as determinant of behaviour.
Sigmund Freud focused on unconscious libidinal energy
Mind in terms of hierarchical arrangements of experiences
Different layers of consciousness (e.g. conscious, preconscious, and unconscious).
Assumed that majority of human behaviours are triggered by unconscious motivation.
Contrary to Freud
Father of humanistic approach Carl Rogers- emphasis on conscious experiences
Role of interpersonal experiences across the course of life
Person is an active and self-actualizing agent
Maintain congruence between self and experience.
Past experiences may deny or distort the experiences
Therapeutic setting with genuineness, unconditional positive regard, and empathy
Analysis of explicit, objective and overt behaviour and relationship with stimulation
The father of behaviorism- J. B. Watson
Behaviour largely governed by the association between stimulus and response
Behaviour can be shaped in a desired direction by manipulating this association.
Alternative to the mechanistic behaviourism.
Focuses on information processing of individual- perception, remembering, thinking, language, reasoning, problem solving, and decision making
Behaviour depends upon the processing of information
Relies on computational models
Mental processes in terms of information processing.