UGC Solved Paper 1 29th June 2014 Set X Part 8 of 10 [ CBSE NET-JRF Updates ]
Examrace under Examrace UGC Paper 1 Series covers the complete topics and subtopics that were asked in the June UGC paper 1 examination. In this section we will discuss questions 45 to 49 from Set X for 29th June 2014 UGC NET examination. All the questions discussed will contain the correct answers and explanations for the same.
Directions: Read the following passage and answer questions 45 to 49:
Traditional Indian values must both be viewed from the angle of an individual and from that of a geographically delimited agglomeration of peoples or groups enjoying a common system of leadership which we call as “State”. Indian state’s special feature is peaceful, coexistence of social groups of various historical provenances which mutually adhere in geographical, economic and political sense, without ever assimilating to each other in social terms, in ways of thinking, or even in language. Modern Indian law will determine certain rules, especially in relation to the regime of the family, upon the basis of how the loin-cloth is tied, or how the turban is worn, for this may identify the litigants as members of a regional group, and therefore as participants in its traditional law, though their ancestors left the region three or four centuries earlier. The use of the word ‘State’ above must not mislead us. There was no such thing as a conflict between the individual and the State, atleast before foreign governments became established, just as there was no concept of state ‘sovereignty’ or of any church-and-state dichotomy.
Modem Indian ‘secularism’ has an admittedly peculiar feature: It requires the state to make a fair distribution of attention amongst all religions. These blessed aspects of India’s famed tolerance (Indian kings to rarely persecuted religious groups that the exceptions prove the rule) at once struck Portuguese and other European visitors to the West Coast of India in the sixteenth century, and the impression made upon them in this and other ways gave rise, at one remove, to the basic constitution of Thomas More’s Utopia. There is little about modern India that strikes one at once as Utopian: but the insistence upon the inculcation of norms, and the absence of bigotry and institutionalized exploitation of human or natural resources are two very different features which link the realities of India and her tradition with the essence of all Utopians.
45. Which of the following is a special feature of the Indian state?
a) peaceful co-existence of people under a common system of leadership
b) peaceful co-existence of social groups of different historical provenances attached to each other in a geographical, economic and political sense
c) Social integration of all groups
d) Cultural assimilation of all social groups
Explanation: The answer is clear from the second line of the paragraph “Indian state’s special feature is peaceful, coexistence of social groups of various historical provenances which mutually adhere in geographical, economic and political sense, without ever assimilating to each other in social terms, in ways of thinking, or even in language.”
46. The author uses the word ‘State’ to highlight
a) Antagonistic relationship between the state and the individual throughout the period of history.
b) Absence of conflict between the state and the individuals upto a point in time.
c) The concept of state sovereignty
d) Dependence of religion
Explanation: This is obvious from the first line of the paragraph which explains “Traditional Indian values must both be viewed from the angle of an individual and from that of a geographically delimited agglomeration of peoples or groups enjoying a common system of leadership which we call as State”
47. Which one is the peculiar feature of modern Indian ‘secularism’?
a) No discrimination on religious considerations
b) Total indifference to religion
c) No space for social identity
d) Disregard for social law
Explanation: The passage mentions meaning of secularism as requires the state to make a fair distribution of attention amongst all religions.
48. The basic construction of Thomas More’s Utopia was inspired by
a) Indian tradition of religious tolerance
b) Persecution of religious groups by Indian rulers
c) Social inequality in India
d) European perception of Indian State
Explanation: As mentioned in the paragraph, Thomas More’s Utopia was inspired by Indian tradition of religious tolerance.
49. What is the striking feature of modern India?
a) replica of Utopian State
b) Uniform Laws
c) Adherence to traditional values
d) Absence of Bigotry
Explanation: Absence of bigotry is a striking feature that links modern India with Utopian world.
- Published on: June 30, 2014