CBSE: Introduction of CBSE, Important Highlights of CBSE Board, History of CBSE, Main Objectives of CBSE, Changes in Exam Pattern

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  • CBSE is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools.
  • CBSE is controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
  • Approximately 20,299 schools are there in India apart from 220 schools abroad in 28 foreign countries being affiliated to CBSE.
  • CBSE affiliates all:
    • Kendriya Vidyalayas
    • All Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas
    • Private schools
    • Most of the schools approved by central government of India

Important Highlights of CBSE Board

Important Highlights of CBSE Board
CBSE Full FormCentral Board of Secondary Education
TypeGovernmental Board of Education
Founded3rd November 1962
HeadquarterNew Delhi, India
ChairpersonManoj Ahuja
Official languagesHindi, English
Parent organizationMinistry of Education
Official Websitecbse. nic. in
Tag Line“Committed to Equity and Excellence in Education”


  • Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first education board to be set up in India in 1921.
    • Under the jurisdiction of Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior.
  • The government of India set up a joint Board named “Board of High School” and Intermediate Education, Rajputana in 1929. Ajmer, Merwara, Central India, and Gwalior were included later confined to Ajmer, Bhopal, and Vindhya Pradesh.
  • In 1952, Board of High School and Intermediate Education became “Central Board of Secondary Education” .

Main Objectives of CBSE

  • Defining appropriate approaches of academic activities.
  • Analyzing and monitoring the quality of academic activities.
  • Developing norms for implementation of various academic activities.
  • Adapting and innovating methods to achieve academic excellence.
  • Encourage schools to document the progress of students and teachers.
  • Proposing plans to achieve quality benchmarks in school education.
  • Organizing various capacity building and empowerment programmes.
  • Prescribing conditions of examinations and conduct public examination at the end of Class X and XII.
  • Prescribing and updating the course of instructions of examinations.
  • Affiliating institutions for the purpose of examination.

Prime Focus of the Board

  • Reforms in examinations and evaluation practices.
  • Innovations in teaching-learning methodologies.
  • Adding job-oriented and job-linked inputs w. r. t skill learning.
  • Updating regularly the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators.

Examinations Conducted by CBSE

  • Every year in the month of March and May final examinations for Class 10 and Class 12.
  • In 2013, the AIEEE exam was merged with the IIT-Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) and at present common examination is now called JEE (Main) for which the conducting body is National Testing Agency.
  • For admission to major medical colleges in India, CBSE also conducts AIPMT (All India Pre Medical Test) .
  • Outsourced to CBSE in 2014:
    • Conduct of the National Eligibility Test for grant of a junior research fellowship.
    • Eligibility for assistant professor in institutions of higher learning.
  • The Central Teacher Eligibility Test and the Class X optional proficiency test are also being conducted by CBSE.
  • The CBSE has become the largest exam conducting body in the world with the addition of NET in 2014.

Exams Previously Conducted by the CBSE Transferred to the NTA

  • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate)
  • Joint Entrance Examination – Main
  • National Eligibility Test
  • Central Universities Common Entrance Test and others


  • (CBSE includes the positional grade obtained by the student along with the marks obtained) . This is dependent on the average performance of the students in that subject.
  • Every year, the cutoffs required to obtain a particular grade vary.
Grading System by CBSE
A1Top 1/8 of passed students in that subject
A2Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject
B1Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject
B2Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject
C1Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject
C2Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject
D1Next 1/8 of passed students in that subject
D2Last 1/8 of passed students in that subject
EFailed students (in either theory, practical or overall)

Former Grading Scale (CCE)

  • Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation for Class X students was implemented during 2010 - 2017.
  • In a 9-point grading scale, the grades obtained by the student were mentioned.
Former Grading Scale (CCE)
A1> 90 %
A281 - 90 %
B171 - 80 %
B261 - 70 %
C151 - 60 %
C241 - 50 %
D33 - 40 %
E121 - 32 %
E20 - 20 %

Changes for 2020 Exam

  • Two separate examinations for mathematics in class 10 board examination starting from 2020 session.
  • Mathematics exam is now Mathematics Standard.
  • An easier version of Mathematics has been introduced (called Mathematics Basic) .
  • In the registration form for class 10 CBSE board examination, the option of choosing mathematics was mentioned.
  • While filling the registration form for CBSE Class 10 board examination in 2020, the candidates were asked to select their choice of the test.
  • The exams in 2020 were rescheduled to be conducted between July 1 and July 15 but due to coronavirus outbreak CBSE released as circular which cancelled the remaining exams. Scores were allotted based on internal exams.

CBSE 10th General Distribution of Marks and Exam Pattern 2020

  • Each subject has maximum marks of 100.
  • For theory/annual board exam – 80 marks and Internal assessment – 20 marks.
  • Class 10 comprises of 5 main subjects:
    • Language 1
    • Language 2
    • Mathematics
    • Science
    • Social Science
  • Two optional subjects:
    • Skill subject.
    • Language III/Any Academic subject other than opted above.
  • Subjects of Internal Assessment:
    • Art Education
    • Health & Physical Education

Major Changes in Class 12 Exam Pattern 2020

  • Internal Assessment in all Subjects.
  • Increased number of Objective Type Questions in Exam.
  • Number of Internal Choices in Questions to Increased.

Regional Offices

Delhi, Chennai, Guwahati, Ajmer, Panchkula, Allahabad, Patna, Bhubaneswar, Thiruvananthapuram, Dehradun

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