Lysosome –pH = 5.0
Genetic disease – absence of singe Lysosomes hydrolase – Hurler’s disease – bones are deformed due to accumulation of glucosamine glycan (absence of – Liduroidase engineering)
Peroxisome – Photo respiration -> Glycolic acid Oxidase
Lomasomes – between cell wall & plasma lemma in fungal cells.
Glyoxysomes – glycol ate Cycle (isocitrate lyase & malate Synthase) – they Contain catalase & H2O2 generating glycolic endosperm & cotyledons.
Spherosomes – Fat storing endosperm & Cotyledons.
Ribosomes are lesser in less active cell & more in high active cells.
Mitochondria outer membrane sessile part = subunits of parson.
Mitochondria inner membrane – Flovoprotein, Succinic dehydrogenase, Cyt b, C, C1, a,a3.
Cells of Germinating seeds – show much larger number of mitochondria.
Engineering DNA polymerase in found in matrix- it shows that mitochondrial DNA is independently synthesis in mitochondria
ATPase participates in final step of Oxidative phosphorylation.
Chloroplast outer member is C4 Plants – grana are absent.
Chl. a – CH3 group – all photosynthetic organism (except bacteria).
Chl. b – CH0 group – higher plant, green algae
Chl. c – brown algae
Chl. d – red algae –
Chl. e – yellow green algae – phaxanthin
Chloroplast are extremely fragile osmotically, so intact chloroplast are isolated from green leaves using sugar solution.
Crystalloid – Contain N2 as amide (asparagine + glutamine).
Globoid – double phosphate of Ca & Mg
canada Balsam – permanent microscopic slide = oleoresin.
If both generic names & specific names are same – Tautoyms.
Holotype – one specimen designated by author as nomenclatural type.
Isotype - duplicate of holotype – another specimen collected at same tines
Lectotype – Specimen from the original to serve the nomenclatural type when no holotype was designated at time of publication/ missing
Meotype – Specimen Selected to serve as nomenclatural type as long as all the material of which the name of taxon was base is missing.
Organism Belonging to same taxa are believed to have same ancestor – as family tree cladogram
A family tree based on phonetic classification = Dendrogram
Monera came 1st from which evolved eukaryotic Protista
Division SubdivisionClassSuborderfamily tribe genus species varietyform
Binomial nomenclature – Gaspard Bauhin.
Protista = unicellular eukaryotes.