NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 6: Human Resources YouTube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 6: Human Resources

NCERT Class 8 Geography

Chapter 6: Human Resources

Human Resource

  • Ultimate Resource
  • Differ in Education, Age & Sex
  • 90 % people live on 10 % area
  • Most in N. Hemisphere
  • 3 ⁄ 4th in Asia & Africa
  • 60 % in 10 Nations
Human Resource

Density of Population

  • People on unit of Area
  • Average Density Worldwide: 45 persons/km2
  • South Central Asia > East Asia > SE Asia

Factors Affecting Population Distribution

  • Geographic
  • Climate – Sahara or Polar Regions
  • Topography - Ganga
  • Soil
  • Water
  • Mineral – Diamonds in S. Africa
  • Social - Pune
  • Cultural – Varanasi, Jerusalem
  • Economic – Osaka, Mumbai

Population Change

  • 1820 – 1 billion
  • 1970 – 3 billion (150 years)
  • 1999 – 6 billion (30 years - Doubled)
  • Birth Rate – Live Births per 1000
  • Death Rate – Deaths per 1000
  • Migration – Movement in & out (Immigration & Emigration)
  • Natural Change = BR – DR
    Population Increase, Steady and Decrease
  • Kenya – High Population Growth Rate – High BR & High DR
  • UK – Low BR & DR
  • Japan & Bangladesh – Densely Populated
  • Population Composition – Structure of Population – Gender, Age, Employment, Education, Income & Health

Population/Age – Sex Pyramid

Population/Age - Sex Pyramid

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