NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5: What Books and Burials Tell Us YouTube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5: What Books and Burials Tell Us


  • Rigveda- oldest, 1000 hymns (suktas – “well said” ) by rishis, 3 Gods – in “old or Vedic Sanskrit” - dialogues
  • Agni: God of fire
  • Indra: Warrior god
  • Soma: Plant from which a drink is made
  • Samaveda – musical notes and chanting
  • Yajurveda – rituals and sacrifices
  • Atharvaveda – spells and charms

Divisions or Parts of Vedas

Divisions or Parts of Vedas for History


  • Brahmins: Priests
  • Rajas: Performed rituals – no capital cities, palaces, armies, no tax collection, sons not succeed father
  • Jan/Vish (Vaishya) - Puru jana, Bharata jana, Yadu jana
  • Aryas: composed hymns
  • Dasas or Dasyus: Opponents, slaves captured in war

Stone Buildings

  • Megaliths – big stones to mark burial sites – Deccan, NE and Kashmir – were surface or underground – known as cist
  • Buried in pots – black & red ware – tools, weapons, ornaments


  • On river Ghod, tributary of Bhima
  • Adult buried in ground with head in north
  • With vessels of food and water
  • Man buried in clay jar in courtyard of house – in cross legged position
  • China – writings on animal bones (oracle bones) , king in palaces and bronze vessels

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