Vijayanagar Bahmani Kingdom Adil Shahi Dynasty, Imad Shahi Dynasty, Barid Shahi Dynasty and Qutub Shahi Dynasty

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Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur

Detailed Map of Adil Shahi Dynasty
  • Yusuf Adil Khan founded the dynasty in 1490;
  • He was a Georgian slave;

Ismail Adil Khan (1510 - 1534)

  • In 1504, he captured Gulbarga;
  • He was a skilled musician;

Tsmail Adil Khan (1510 - 1534)

  • He established Sunni faith as the state religion;
  • During his reign Albequerque, the Portuguese Governor captured Goa;
  • He was a great patron of Art;
  • He married a Maratha lady Babuji Khannum;
  • He was an expert painter;

Malu Adil Khan (1534 - 15351

Ibrahim Adil Shah I (1535 - 1557)

  • He was the first to adopt the title of Shah;
  • He replaced Persian by Hindavi Deccani Urdu;
  • In 1555, he employed the Marathas for the first time;
  • He defeated the Vijaya-nagar king; Rama Raya;

Ali Adil Shah I (1557 - 1580) :-

  • He re-established Shia faith; during his reign, the wall of Bijapur city was constructed;
  • He built the Zami Masjid, Mecca Masjid and Gagan Mahal;
  • He was called a Sufi;
  • Secularism was resumed during his reign;
  • He appointed Acharya Vaman Pandit;

Ibrahim Adil Shah II (1580 - 1637)

  • He was called ‘Jagat Guru’ ;
  • He built Andha Mahal, Mihtar Mahal, Malika Jahan Masjid;
  • During his reign Farista compiled ‘Tarik-i-Farista’ ;
  • He wrote a book called ‘Nauras Nama’ ;
  • He built his capital ‘Nauraspur’ ;
  • ″ Hens gave grants to ‘Pandharpur’ ;
  • During his reign Akka-Madina flourished;
  • He built Gol Gumbaz, it was his Mausoleum (Makbara) ;
  • He also built Asar Mahal;
  • He was the greatest king of the dynasty;

Ali Adil Shah II (1656 - 1672)

  • He was a patron of Urdu literature;
  • During his reign a lot of Urdu Deccani Scholars flourished - Mia Nursali, Miahansi, Mirzan Marsiyan;
  • Adil Shah wrote 2 books:
  • Gulshan-i-Ishq;
  • Ali Nama;
  • Nursali composed 2 books
  • Kasida and
  • Diwan-i-Gazal;
  • Mia Hansi wrote the story of Yusuf and Zulaikha and a book called Gazals;

Sikandar Adil Shah (1672 - 1686)

  • In September 1686, he surrendered to Aurangzeb;

Imad Shahi Dynasty of Berar

  • It was the shortest post-Bahmani dynasty;

Adil Shah Imad-Ul-Mulk (1490 - 1504)

  • He was originally a Hindu from Karnataka;

Allauddin Imad Shahi (1504 - 1562)

Darya Imad Shahi (1530 - 1562)

Burhan Imad Shah (1562 - 1572)

  • Murtaza II captured Berar in 1574;

Barid Shahi Dynasty of Bidar

Detaied Map of Barid Shahi Dynasty

Kasim Barid (1504) :-

  • He was the P. M. in the Bahamani dynasty;

Amir Barid (1504 - 42)

  • He is known as the ‘Fox of Deccan’ and Rabah-i-Deccan;

Ali Barid Shah (1542 - 1579)

  • He was the first to assume the title ‘Shah’ ;
  • In 1564, he joined the confederacy of Muslim states along with Ahmadnagar, Golconda and Bijapur against Vijayanagar;
  • He built the Tomb of Bidar;
  • He built ‘Rangin Mahal’ ;

Ibrahim Barid Shah (1587 - 1591)

Kasim Barid Shah II (1587 - 1591)

Amir Barid Shah II (1591 - 1601)

Mirza Ali Barid Shah M (1601 - 1609)

  • He was the last Sultan of Bidar;
  • In 1619, Ibrahim Adil Shah II annexed Bidar into Bijapur;

Qutub Shahi Dynasty of Golconda

Detaied Map of Qutub Shahi Dynasty of Golconda

Ouli-Qutub-Ul-Mulk (1494 - 1543)

  • He was the founder of the Qutub Shahi dynasty;
  • He belongs to the Turkish family;
  • He was born at Hamadan in Persia;
  • He never assumed the title Shah;
  • He built the Zami Masjid of Golconda and was a Shia, by faith;
  • Jamshed Qutub Shah (1543 - 80)

Ibrahim Qutub Shah (1550 - 80)

  • He was the ruler of the Qutubshahi dynasty
  • He fortified Golcunda;
  • He established Alms house and Langar;
  • He built numerous colleges;
  • He built a dam at Budawal;
  • He built two tanks;
  • Ibrahim Pattam;
  • Hussain Sagar;
  • He also built a strong bridge on the river Musi Warna.
  • This bridge is called the ‘Old Bridge’ ;
  • During his reign, Deccani Urdu flourished;
  • Four famous Deccani Urdu poet lived during his reign:
  • Mullah Khiyali;
  • Mahmood;
  • Firoze;
  • Ahmad;
  • A number of Telgu poets also flourished during his reign like Addanki, Gangadhar Kavi, Telangcharya, Rudrakavi;
  • Gangadhar Kavi has written a famous book Malki Bahram;
  • Jagdeva Rao Naikwani was the P. M. ;

Md. Quli Qutub Shah (1580 - 1612)

  • He constructed a new capital at Hyderabad;
  • He built Char Minar;
  • He built Chandan Mahal, Hira Mahal, and Nadi Mahal;
  • He wrote the first Diwan poems of Deccani Urdu;
  • He adopted secularism in epics;
  • He distributed 60,000 hums;

Md. Qutub Shah (1612 - 1626)

  • He formed a confederacy of Deccani states against Mughals;
  • During his reign Tarik-i-Md. Qutub Shah was completed;
  • His real name was Zill-i-Ullah i.e.. Shadow of God;

Abdulla Oulab Shah (1626 - 1672)

  • He ascended the throne at the age of 12;
  • Mir Zumla was his Prime Minister.
  • Mir Zumla plundered a lot of Hindu Temples;
  • His original name was Md. Sayyed;

Abdul Hassan Qutub Shah (1672 - 1687)

  • Akka-Madanna pair flourished during his reign;
  • Madanna was the P. M. and adopted the title Surya Prakash Rao;
  • Brother Akkana was the commander-in-Chief;
  • Golcunda was captured by Aurangzeb in 1687;

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