CBSE Class 10 Social Studies – Geography, Economics, History and Civics Model Paper 1

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Time Allowed: 3 Hours. Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.

Marks are indicated against each question.

Questions from serial number 1 to7 are very short answer type questions. Each question carries one mark.

Questions from serial number 8 to18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.

Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.

Question numbers 26 & 27 are map questions from History with 1 mark each.

Question number 28 is map question of 3 marks from Geography.

For Q. Nos. 26,27 and 28 (map based questions) one outline political map of India is provided. After completion the work, attach the map inside your answer book.

Questions at Serial Number - 20,22, 24 & 25 have Internal Choice. Attempt any one option out of the given in each of these questions.


1. Which power dominated the nation-building process in Germany? 1


Which idea, other than economic exploitation, was behind French colonisation of Vietnam?

2. State an important characteristic of the oldest Japanese book, 1 Diamond Sutra. OR

State the hotly debated issue around which the novel Indulekha revolved.

3. Wind energy received in abundance in western Rajasthan and Gujrat has not been so far utilised and developed to the maximum. It falls in which category of resources? 1

4. Write any one prudential reason for which power sharing is desirable. 1

5. Identify the condition when both the parties in a barter economy have to agree to sell and buy each other՚s commodities? What is it called? 1

6. A group of companies in India wishes to import high quality ACs from South Korea but have to pay a huge import tax on them which would make the ACs very expensive leading to a decline their sale. Ascertain the role of the import tax in this situation. 1

7. Sania buys a packet of biscuits and finds detail about ingredients used, Price, batch number etc. printed on it except the expiry date. Under which right of the consumers she can claim to know this information from the manufacturer?

8. Idea of national unity in early-nineteenth-century Europe were closely allied to the ideology of liberalism. What did it mean for the middle class in France? Explain. 3


The French used school textbooks in Vietnam to justify colonial rule. Explain.

9. “Not everyone welcomed the printed book, and those who did also had fears about it” . Justify the statement by giving three argument. 3


“Colonial administrators found ‘vernacular’ novels a valuable source of information on native life and customs.” Prove the statement by giving three evidences.

10. Explain any three reasons for which the multi-purpose and large dams have come under great security and opposition in the recent years. 3

11. Mohan owns a farms in Utter Pradesh; he wished to cultivate either Jute or Sugarcane. He shall cultivate which crop out of these two keeping in mind the condition required for their growth? Explain. 3

12. Distinguish between the Unitary and Federal system of government. 3

13. “Three factors are crucial in deciding the outcome of polities of social division.” Elaborate upon the statement. 3

14. Do democracies lead to peaceful and harmonious life among citizens?

Clarify. 3

15. Mohit is 28 years of age, has 65kg of body weight and is 1.4 meters tall. Calculated his BMI. Find out whether he is under nourished or over weight. Why? 3

16. Amrita is a government employee and belongs to a rich urban household whereas Rani works as a helper on a construction side and comes from a poor rural household. Both have a crisis at home and wish to take loan. Create a list of argument explaining who between the two would successfully be able to get the loan form a formal source. Why? 3

17. How can the Government ensure that globalisation is fair and benefits are shared in a better way by all? 3

18. Create an advertisement ensure that for an online Consumer Awareness campaign to help consumers know their rights and save themselves from exploitation. 3

19. Illustrate with examples that food offers many opportunities of long-distance cultural exchange. 5


“Even before factories began to dot the landscape in England and Europe, there was large-scale industrial production for an international market in the country side.” Elucidate.


“The function and the shape of the family were completely transformed by life in the industrial city.” Clarify the statement with regard to urbanization that happened in England in the 18th century.

20. How did people belonging to different communities, regions or language groups in India develop a sense of collective belonging? Elucidate. 5


How did the Non-Cooperation Movement spread to the countryside and drew into its fold the struggles of peasants and tribal communities? Elaborate.

21. Describe the significance of Textile Industry in India with specific reference to Cotton industry. 5

22. India has one of the largest rad networks in the world, aggregating to about 2.3 million km at present. On what basis roadways have taken an edge over railways? Explain.


“The pace of change has been rapid in modem times and has impacted the ways of communication as well.” In light of the given statement explain the role of a variety of means of communication that are used in India in the currents times.

23. Women face disadvantage, discrimination and oppression in various ways even today. Assess the statement by giving five suitable arguments. 5

24. Political parties fill political offices and exercise political power. But they do this by performing a series of important functions. Describe any five of them.

OR 5

Political parties need to face and overcome a number of challenges in order to remain effective instruments of democracy. Write about any two of such challenges while citing appropriate examples.

25. Rohan works in a bank as a clerk while Sumit works on a construction site as a labourer. Describe difference in their conditions of work and judge the benefits and drawbacks of working in the respective sectors. 5


Reema works as a shift technician in Mehta Textiles Ltd. whereas Shirin works as a Sales Executive in Kashvi Fashion Showroom. Identify the sectors of economy in which Reema and Shirin are working. Evaluate the role of each of these sectors in the Indian economy.

Map Based Questions

26. Locate and label the place in the given outline political map of India: 1

The place where the Indian National Congress held its session in December 1920.

27. Locate and label the place in the given outline political map of India: 1

The place where Mahatma Gandhi organized Satyagraha for cotton mill workers.

28. Locate and label the following features on the given outline political map of India: 3

A. Namrup Thermal Power Plant

B. Tarapur Nuclear Power Plant (1 + 1 = 2)

Identify the following places marked on the same given outline political map of India and write their names: (0.5 + 0.5 = 1)

C. Iron ore Mine

D. Mica Mine

Geography Map Based Questions

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