NCERT CBsE Board Class 10 History Summary - Chapter 2: The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China (Expected|Most Important|Common Topics for 2021 Exam) (Download PDF)

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Indo-China included Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. After Franco-Chinese war, French assumed control over Tonkin and Anaam & French Indo-China was formed in 1887. French considered colonies necessary to supply natural resources and essential goods.

Map of Indo-China Included Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.
Summary for NCERT Class 10 History in 45 Minutes - Important Topics
  • Canals were built to increase cultivation
  • Trans Indo-China rail network was made to connect south and north Vietnam and China
  • Plantation crops included rice and rubber owned by French & small Vietnamese elite.
  • Education & Dilemma - To privileged few
  • Tonkin Free School was started in 1907 to provide a Western style education included science, hygiene and French (these classes were held in the evening and had to be paid for separately) and adoption of short haircut (traditionally Vietnamese have long hair)
  • By 1920s students formed political parties (like Party of Young Annan) & published journals like Annanese Student.
  • Schools became center for political and cultural battles.
  • Students inspired by happenings in Japan during revolt with Russia
  • 1930: Ho Chi Minh forms the Vietnamese Communist Party.
  • Ho Chi Minh in North & Bao Dai in South Vietnam
  • Plague affected Hanoi - Bounty program was scrapped.
  • From 18th century - many religious movements were hostile to Western presence. Early movement against French control and spread of Christianity was Scholars Revolt in 1868 (against Catholicism and French power)
  • Hao Hao movement in 1939 in Mekong delta - It drew on religious ideas popular in anti-French uprisings of the 19th century. Its founder was Huynh Phu - mental asylum
  • Resistance to French domination was led by Confucian Phan Boi Chau - formed Revolutionary Society (Duy Tan Hoi) in 1903, with Prince Cuong De as the head.
  • Phan Chu Trinh - intensely hostile to the monarchy and opposed to the idea of resisting the French, aimed to establish democratic republic
  • Go East Movement - drive away French from Vietnam, overthrow puppet rule & establish Nguyen dynasty
  • Bao Dai was overthrown by Ngo Dinh Diem (repressive & authoritarian - those who opposed were called communist and killed) . Diem retained ordinance 10, French law that permitted Christianity & was opposed by National Liberation Front (NLF)
  • NLF fought for unification of nation. US watched for alliance and was worried over unification and communist gaining so sent troops
  • Dominion status of nation - US worried
  • Minh became an active member of Commintern
  • Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Women were portrayed brave and dedicated.

- Published/Last Modified on: January 9, 2020

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