Chronological Events: BC: Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience Movement

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Chronological Events


Chronological Events
1919“Satyagraha Movement” started by Gandhiji. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on 13th April 1919 at Amritsar.
1930“Civil Disobedience Movement” started by Gandhiji. “Dandi March” by Gandhiji on 6.4. 1930. Burma separated from India.
1939Death of Rabindranath Tagore (The first Indian to win the Nobel Prize for his work “Gitanjali” ) .
1942“Quit India Resolution” .
194715.8. 1947 India attained Independence.
194830.1. 1948 Assassination of Gandhiji.
194926.11. 1949 Indian Constitution passed.
195026.1. 1950 India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic.
1952Free India holds her First General Elections.
1956State Reorganisation Act came into force on 1.11. 1956.
1957Decimal system of coinage introduced.
1966January 4th Indo-Pak Summit, Tashkent Declaration signed on January 10. Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri.
1972Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan (July 3)
1974India՚s first Satellite “Aryabhatta” launched from Cosmo drome in Soviet Union on April 19.
1975“Aryabhatta” . Sikkim becomes 22nd State of the Indian Union. State of Emergency declared.
1976India-China-re-establishes diplomatic relations.
1977Sixth General Elections, Morarji Desai sworn in as the first non- Congress Prime Minister. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy elected Sixth President of India.
1979“Bhaskara” , India՚s second Satellite launched into space. India՚s first coalition Government between Janata (S) and the Congress sworn in with Mr. Charan Singh as P. M.
1980Seventh General Elections held; Indira Gandhi sworn in as Prime Minister.
1982Giani Zail Singh elected as Seventh President of India. IX Asian Games opened in New Delhi.
1984Bachendri Pal, first Indian woman to scale the Mount Everest. Mrs. Indira Gandhi assassinated. Rajiv Gandhi becomes the Prime Minister.
1985Congress completes 100 years.
1987Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh become 23rd and 24th States. Goa becomes 25th State. Mr. R. Venkataraman sworn in as Eleventh President.
1988M. G. Ramachandran (MGR.) was given Bharat Ratna Award posthumously.
1989Ninth Lok Sabha constituted. National Front Leader V. P. Singh sworn in as 10th Prime Minister.
1990Nelson Mandela, leader of the African National Congress was set free after 27 years of imprisonment by the South African Government. - Iraq captured Kuwait.
1991Tenth Lok Sabha constituted. P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes the Twelfth Prime Minister of India. Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, assassinated at Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu.
1992India՚s First indigenous multi-purpose Satellite “INSAT 2A” was launched successfully from Kourou in French Guyana. - Festival of India was held in China. The disputed Babri Masjid in Ayodhya (UP) was demolished by Kar-sevaks.
1993The world՚s biggest ever trade deal General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was signed on 15th December at Geneva, nearly 117 nations participated.
1994Sushmita Sen (18) first Indian selected for Miss. Universe held at Manila, Philippines. Brazil won the World Cup Football held at United States, Shoemaker-Levy Comet collided with the Gaseous Planet Jupiter on July 17,19, 20 & 31.
1995Jan. 26: Nelson Mandela was the Chief Guest on the Republic Day celebrations at New Delhi.
1996Jan. 10 - 21: 27th International Film Festival held at New Delhi. July 19 - Aug. 4: Atlanta Olympics held - India won 1 bronze medal.
1997Jan 10: The 28th International Film Festival of India held at Thiruvananthapuram. July 25: Mr. K. R. Narayan sworn in as 13th President of India. Aug 15: India celebrates Golden Jubilee of Indian Independence.
1998Jan 10 - 20: The 29th International Film Festival of India held at New Delhi. Jan 26: India celebrates its 49th Republic Day, Chief Guest: French President Mr. Jacques Chirac. Mar 01: Bharat Ratna conferred on Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Mar 19: Mr. A. B. Vajpayee becomes 16th Prime Minister of India. May 11: India conducts three nuclear tests at Pokhran. May 13: India conducts two more tests at Pokhran. May 28: Pakistan conducts nuclear atom bomb test. July 12: France won World Cup-1998.
1999May 26-July 17 India - Pakistan Kargil War. ; Oct. 10: 13th Lok Sabha Elections - Mr. Vajpayee sworn in as Prime Minister. ; Dec. 5: Mumbai girl Yukta Mookhey becomes Miss World. - Dec. 24 - 31: Indian Airlines (IC-814) hijacked by terrorists and hostages released at Kandahar.

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