CDS Exam 2016 English Sample Paper Reading Comprehension

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Reading Comprehension

Passage 2

In the world today we make health and end in itself. We have forgotten that health is really means to enable a person to do his work and do it well, a lot of modern medicine and this includes many patients as well as many physicians pays very little attention to health but very much attention to those who imagine that they are ill. Our great concern with health is shown by the medical columns in newspapers. the health articles in popular magazines and the popularity of television programmes and all those books on medicine. We talk about health all the time. Yet for the most part the only result is more people with imaginary illness. The healthy man should not be wasting time talking about health: he should be using health for work. The work does the work that good health possible.

51. Modern medicine is primarily concerned with

A. promotion of good health

B. people suffering from imaginary illness

C. people suffering from real illness

D. increased efficiency in work

52. The passage suggests that

A. health is an end in itself

B. health is blessing

C. health is only means to an end

D. we should not talk about health

53. Talking about the health all time makes people

A. always suffer from imaginary illness

B. sometimes suffer from imaginary illness

C. rarely suffer from imaginary illness

D. often suffer from imaginary illness

54. The passage tells us

A. how medicine should be manufactured

B. what healthy man should or should not do

C. what television programmes should be about

D. how best to imagine illness

55. A healthy man should be concerned with

A. his work which good health makes possible

B. looking after his health

C. his health which makes work possible

D. talking about health

Passage 3

Laws of nature are not commands but statements of acts. The use of the word “law” in this context is rather unfortunate. It would be better to speak of uniformities in nature. This would do away with the elementary fallacy that a law implies a law giver. If a piece of matter does not obey a law of nature it is punished. On the contrary, say that the law has been incorrectly started.

56. If a piece of matter violates nature՚s law, it is not punished because

A. it is not binding to obey it

B. there is no superior being to enforce the law of nature

C. it cannot be punished

D. it simply means that the facts have not been correctly stated by law

57. Laws of nature differ from manmade laws because

A. the former state facts of Nature

B. they must be obeyed

C. they are natural

D. unlike human laws, they are systematic

58. The laws of nature based on observation are

A. conclusion about the nature of the universe.

B. true and unfalsifiable.

C. figments of the observer imagination.

D. subject to change in the light of new facts.

59. The author is not happy with word ‘law’ because

A. it connotes rigidity and harshness

B. it implies an agency which has made them

C. It does not convey the sense of nature՚s uniformity

D. it gives rise to false beliefs

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