CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2018 MCQs Questions Answer Without Solution Paper Part 22

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Question 189

Article 1 of a legal instrument reads: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”

Which is the legal instrument being referred to above?

A. National Human Rights Act, 1995

B. Constitution of India, 1951

C. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948

D. Philadelphia Declaration, 1944

Question 190

Examine the Statement and Conclusions given below and choose a suitable answer from the options given:

Statement: It is a fundamental duty, which is unenforceable in a Court of Law that every citizen shall renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.

Conclusions:

(1) Reservation of seats for women in employment is violative of the principle stated.

(2) Asking a lady inappropriate questions about her personal life is violative of the principle stated.

A. Only Conclusion 1 follows.

B. Only Conclusion 2 follows.

C. Conclusions 1 and 2 follow.

D. Neither Conclusion 1 nor 2 follows.

Question 192

Examine the Statement and Conclusions given below and choose a suitable answer from the options given:

Statement: Necessity knows no law.

Conclusions:

(1) The act of a captain throwing some cargo into the ocean to save the ship from sinking is justified by the principle.

(2) The act of a man out of poverty and starvation stealing some food from a hotel is justified by the principle.

(3) The act of a tourist killing a tiger when it was attacking a villager is justified by the principle.

A. Only Conclusion 1 follows.

B. Only Conclusion 2 follows.

C. Only Conclusion 1 and 3 follow.

D. All Conclusions follow.

Question 193

Examine the Statement and Conclusions given below and choose a suitable answer from the options given: Statements:

(1) Justice delayed is justice denied. Justice hurried is justice buried.

(2) More than 3 crore cases are pending in the Indian Courts.

Conclusions:

(1) People are not getting justice in India.

(2) Disposal of cases by ‘Fast track courts’ results in injustice

(3) Cases must be disposed off within a reasonable time.

A. Only Conclusion 1 follows.

B. Only Conclusion 2 follows.

C. Only Conclusion 3 follows.

D. No Conclusion follows.

Question 195

Legal Principle: Justice should not only be done, but also seen to be done.

Facts: L, an honest Lawyer had 200 shares in Company X. Later, L was elevated to the High Court as a Judge and had to deal with Company matters. A dispute between Company X and its creditors came before L for decision.

Which among the following proposition is true?

A. L, as an honest person will definitely judge the matter on the merits only. So, the principle cannot apply.

B. A judge cannot excuse himself from taking up a case posted before him by the Court Registry.

C. L should refrain from hearing the matter as he holds shares of the Company X.

D. Since, L has only 200 shares he has no substantial interest in the company and hence can decide the matter.

Question 196

Legal Principle: A person who keeps hazardous substances in his premises, is responsible for the fault if that substance escapes in any manner and causes damage.

Facts: A, an industrialist stored 1000 litres of liquid ammonia in a tank in his premises for his industrial use. There was a leakage from the tank due to which there was ammonia vapour in the surroundings. Many workers in other industries as well as his own industry and some members from the public suffered serious health hazards. Examine the liability of A, if any.

A. A may be liable for the injury sustained by his workers only and not others.

B. A is liable as he is responsible for the injury caused by the leakage of ammonia from his premises.

C. A is not liable because there was no fault on his part for the escape of the dangerous substance.

D. A is not liable because he did not expect a leakage from the tank.

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