CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2018 MCQs Questions Answer Without Solution Paper Part 3

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Question 13

Direction: Four alternative summaries are given in the text: Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.

Develop Critical Thinking

The way we see the world and relate to others is intrinsically connected to our own set of values that govern the way we decide to live. However, the influence of fashion, consumerism, pop culture, broken homes, social unrest, and the media is all-pervasive. For many people, teachers and students alike, this influence goes unquestioned. Critical thinking, if successfully taught at this level, becomes the antidote for individual and social illiteracy. For the authors, critical thinking should constitute an indivisible part of the overall educational process. Facione (1995) comments: “Critical thinking lies at the root of civilisation. It is a cornerstone in the journey humankind is taking from beastly savagery to global sensitivity” .

Supporting the development of these skills involves reflective teaching and learning, which is highly complex and which some students may find difficult or interpret as weakness on the part of the teacher. But in the long run, with patience on the part of the teacher, it will develop students who can view old or new material, from a variety of sources, through new eyes, using their skills to define their own stance and express it, often better in their second language, with an open-minded confidence.

A. The world view of the human being today is influenced by a lot of things. Critical thinking cannot be taught as it involves reflective teaching and could be misunderstood.

B. Critical thinking must be part of an individual՚s education, but it is a difficult concept because it very often reflects a teacher as a dominating individual

C. Critical thinking is an important aspect of an individual՚s literacy level and his social knowhow. It is part of civilization and eventually leads to global sensitivity. Students can look at information in a variety of ways.

D. Reflective teaching is another aspect of initial thinking and it could lead to individual and social illiteracy.

Question 14

Direction: Four alternative summaries are given in the text: Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.

The construct of democracy rests on informed choice and governance on informed policy. Answers to critical questions are stranded in the arena of claims and counter claims. Measures of progress are simply not known or available. The debate to job creation is a mystery of sorts. The public are not aware that the Center and States spend crores on education, health and social services. Take education. Barely a few of Class V students can read a Class II text, the poor are switching to private schools and over 33 % of million-plus schools do not maintain a feasible pupil teacher ratio.

A. Being informed is an important aspect of any democracy. This information is not available especially in the area of education, health and social services.

B. Answers are often given but they need to be deciphered accurately. Job clarity is available but sometimes it is a mystery. There is confusion about information.

C. Health and social services is clearly communicated but education remains an area of ignorance. Claims and counter claims create even more confusion.

D. Crores are spent on many areas of growth but there is no accountability for information. Parents are switching to private schools as the information on education is available there.

Question 15

Directions: The word given in each of the sentences is used contextually. Pick the word from the alternatives given that is most inappropriate in the given context.

VENERATE: We venerate aged priests and martyrs.

A. respect

B. revere

C. spurn

D. honor

Question 16

Directions: The word given in each of the sentences is used contextually. Pick the word from the alternatives given that is most inappropriate in the given context.

PRUDENCE: Prudence and sacrifice help us in meeting the future.

A. caution

B. reckless

C. foresight

D. judgement

Question 17

Directions: The word given in each of the sentences is used contextually. Pick the word from the alternatives given that is most inappropriate in the given context.

OSTENTATION: Ostentation in wealth and living styles can sometimes turn vulgar.

A. pageantry

B. display

C. modesty

D. flourish

Question 18

Directions: The word given in each of the sentences is used contextually. Pick the word from the alternatives given that is most inappropriate in the given context.

DOCTRINE: A doctrine is often refined by reasoning.

A. offense

B. dogma

C. precept

D. principle

Question 19

Directions: The word given in each of the sentences is used contextually. Pick the word from the alternatives given that is most inappropriate in the given context.

BENEVOLENCE: Every religion believes in the concept of benevolence.

A. generosity

B. malignity

C. liberality

D. benignity

Direction: Answer the Question, based on the following information. Indicate which of the statements given with that particular question, is consistent with the information given in the passage below.

A Holistic Viewpoint

It is now recognised by modern science that the universe at the subatomic level does not have solid material objects but consists of only wavelike patterns which represent probabilities of interconnections between other interconnections, all of which together constitute an inseparable web of inter-relationships constituting the entire universe. Fritj of Capra therefore, views the universe not as “an assemblage of independent parts” but as “a dynamic web of inter-related events” in which each part of the web determines the structure of the whole. Geoffrey Chew views such inter-penetrating and interdependent relationships in the universe in terms of a “bootstrap” theory which implies that all forces in the universe are inseparably linked together, every part affects every other part, and the whole world is held together so to say, by bootstraps. David Bohm refers to a holographic concept which implies not only that every part is connected with every other part within the whole but also that, in a sense, each part contains the whole. This, according to David Bohm, recognises the “Undivided wholeness” of the entire universe instead of the classical idea of analysability of the world into separately and independently existent parts.

Question 20

Choose the appropriate option:

A. there are many solid material objects in the universe

B. the entire universe has a web of inter-relationships

C. the universe comprises of a number of independent parts

D. these independent parts determine the structure of the web

Question 21

Choose the appropriate option:

A. the holographic theory speaks of the exclusiveness of each part.

B. the world can be analysed into separate independent parts.

C. the classical idea recognizes the concept of wholeness.

D. the boot strap theory speaks of interdependent relationships

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