CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2020 MCQs Questions Paper Part 1

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Questions

English Language

Direction: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

Climate change is considered to be one of the most serious threats to sustainable development, with adverse impact on the environment, human health, food security, economic activity, natural resources and physical infrastructure. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) , the effects of climate change have already been observed, and scientific findings indicate that precautionary and prompt action is necessary. Vulnerability to climate change is not just a function of geography or dependence on natural resources; it also has social, economic and political dimensions which influence how climate change affects different groups. Poor people rarely have insurance to cover loss of property due to natural calamines i.e.. , drought, floods, super cyclones etc. The poor communities are already struggling to cope with the existing challenges of poverty and climate variability and climate change could push many beyond their ability to cope or even survive. It is vital that these communities are helped to adapt to the changing dynamics of nature. Adaptation is a process through which societies make themselves better able to cope with an uncertain future. Adapting to climate change entails taking the right measures to reduce the negative effect of climate change (or exploit the positive ones) by making the appropriate adjustments and changes. These range from technological options such as increased sea defences or flood proof houses on stilts to behavioural change at the individual level, such as reducing water use in times of drought. Other strategies include early warning systems for extreme events, better water management, improved risk management, various insurance options and biodiversity conservation. Because of the speed at which climate change is happening due to global temperature rise, it is urgent that the vulnerability of developing countries to climate change is reduced and their capacity to adapt is increased and national adaptation plans are implemented. Communities must build their resilience, including adopting appropriate technologies while making the most of traditional knowledge, and diversifying their livelihoods to cope with current and future climate stress. Local coping strategies and knowledge need to be used in synergy with government and local interventions. The need of adaptation interventions depends on national circumstances. There is a large body of knowledge and experience within local communities on coping with climatic variability and extreme weather events. Local communities have always aimed to adapt to variations in their climate. Local coping strategies are an important element of planning for adaptation. Traditional knowledge can help to provide efficient, appropriate and time-tested ways of advising and enabling adaptation to climate change in communities who are feeling the effects of climate changes due to global warming.

Question 1

To address the challenge of Climate Change, developing countries urgently require:

A. Implementation of National Adaptation Plans

B. Adoption of short-term plans

C. Adoption of technological solutions

D. Imposition of Climate Change tax

Question 2

Given below are the factors of vulnerability of poor people to climate changes. Select the option that contains the correct answer.

(1) Their dependence on natural resources

(2) Geographical attributes

(3) Lack of financial resources

(4) Lack of Traditional knowledge

Codes:

A. (2) , (3) and (4)

B. (1) , (2) , (3) and (4)

C. (3) only

D. (1) , (2) and (3)

Question 3

Which of the following is against the idea portrayed in the passage?

A. Co-ordination between regional and national efforts is necessary.

B. The process of Adaptation to climate change does not take into account the factor of prevailing national circumstances.

C. Social dimensions of climate change also need to be appreciated.

D. Combining Traditional Knowledge with appropriate technology is the need of the hour.

Question 4

The Traditional Knowledge should be used through

A. Improvement in national circumstances

B. Synergy between Government and local interventions

C. Imposition of Climate Change Tax.

D. Its dissemination

Question 5

What is the meaning of the word ‘Resilience’ , occurring in the passage?

A. Toughness

B. Fragility

C. Flexibility

D. Vulnerability

Developed by: