CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2020 MCQs Questions Paper Part 6

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Direction: The world has very few devices left to fight COVID-19 with, but technology remains one of them. Whether it is employing the state-of-the-art technology in the discovery of cures or vaccines, or traditional technology services to enhance health care and consultations, or even tools that keep people at home occupied/productive, it is clear that technology will serve humanity at one of its darkest moments. The pandemic has contributed, in no small measure, to the understanding of the myriad ways in which available technologies have not been put to better use, and presented people with multiple opportunities to harness these devices, techniques and methods to get on with life in the time of lockdown. Among the primary uses is telemedicine, rendered inexorable now, by the temporary paralysis brought on by a freeze on movement. The Centre՚s recent guidelines allowing for widespread use of telemedicine services came as a shot in the arm for telehealth crusaders in the country, among them the Telemedicine Society of India that has long been battling to use the technology in its complete arc to reach remote areas in India. This move finds consonance with the rest of the world where several nations, also deeply impacted by the pandemic, have deployed telemedicine to reach people who have been unable to come to hospital, to reduce footfalls in hospitals, and to even provide medical and mental health counselling to countless people. It was way back in 2000 that telemedicine was first employed in India, but the progress has been excruciatingly slow, until the pandemic. However, it does seem as if the medical community was only held back by the lack of legislation to enable tele consultations. For no sooner was the policy announced, than hospitals and clinicians hurried to jump onto the bandwagon, advertising contact information for patients. The advantages are peculiar in the current context, when putting distance between people is paramount, as tele consultations are not barred even when health care professionals and patients may have to be quarantined. The advancement of telecommunication capabilities over the years has made the transmission of images and sound files (heart and lung sounds, coughs) faster and simpler. Pilot telemedicine experiments in ophthalmology and psychiatry have proven to be of immense benefit to the communities. Telemedicine՚s time is here, finally. While unleashing the full potential of telemedicine to help people, experts and government agencies must be mindful of the possible inadequacies of the medium, and securing sensitive medical information; such cognizance should guide the use of the technology.

[From an Editorial published in “The Hindu” on April 17,2020]

Question 26

Which one of the following words from the passage means unavoidable?

A. Inexorable

B. Myriad

C. Excruciatingly

D. Bandwagon

Question 27

Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of the passage?

A. It is time to unleash the full potential of Telemedicine.

B. It is time to unleash the full potential of Telemedicine with cognizance of its possible flaws.

C. Technology has not been utilized to its fullest to suit the current needs.

D. People should not be Sceptical about the advantages of telemedicine.

Question 28

Which of the following is a significant factor contributing in slow employment of Telemedicine in India?

A. Telemedicine was never employed in India.

B. There was an absence of regulations regarding the use of telemedicine consultations and medication systems.

C. Telemedicinal Society of India failed in its efforts to promote the importance of such a system in the country.

D. All of the above.

Question 29

Telecommunication based medication has the potential for an easy outreach because:

A. Pilot experiments in telemedicine have been proved to be successful.

B. It helps in easier communication of medical images from one place to another.

C. It helps in securing sensitive medical information.

D. All of the above.

Question 30

What is the meaning of the expression “Shot in the arm” used in the passage?

A. Hitting the nail on its head.

B. Bull՚s Eye

C. Positive Impact on something

D. All of the above.

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