CLAT Common Law Admission Test Solved Paper 2011 – English, Aptitude Part 16

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149. Soft drinks have been shown by scientists to be bad for the teeth. Therefore, the government would be justified in banning all soft drinks from the Indian market.

Assuming that the factual claim in the above argument is true, what else needs to be assumed for the conclusion to follow?

(a) The government is justified in banning anything that is bad for dental health

(b) Soft drinks are also bad for gastric health

(c) Dental hygiene is a matter of great concern

(d) No further assumptions are necessary

Ans: (a)

150. To be eligible for election to the Lok Sabha, a person must be at least 25 years of age. Moreover, one must not be bankrupt. Therefore, Jatinder Singh, over 50 years of age and without any criminal convictions, cannot be the Speaker of the Lok Sabha since he has just filed for bankruptcy.

Which of the following must be assumed for the conclusion to follow logically?

(a) Anyone over 50 year of ago is eligible to be Speaker of the Lok Sabha if he or she has no criminal convictions

(b) People without criminal convictions cannot be elected to the Lok Sabha even if they are not bankrupt

(c) Only those eligible for election to the Lok Sabha are eligible to be the Speaker of the Lok Sabha

(d) There is no minimum age requirement for the Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Ans: (c)

151. As a century draws to a close, people start behaving much like people coming to the end of a long life. People approaching death often start reflecting on the events of their lives. Similarly, people alive in 1999 ..........

Which of the following most logically completes the paragraph above?

(a) started reflecting on the events of the twentieth century

(b) started to reflect on the events of their lives.

(c) started to fear death

(d) started to wonder what the year 2000 would bring

Ans: (a)

152. The Roman poet and philosopher Lucretius proposed the following thought experiment. If the universe has a boundary, we can throw a spear at this boundary. If the spear flies through, then it is not a boundary. If the spear bounces back, there must something beyond this boundary that is itself in space, which means it is not a boundary at all. Either way, it turns out that the universe has no boundary.

How best can the form of Lucretius’ argument for the infinity of space be described?

(a) Lucretius shows that positing finite space leads to a contradiction

(b) Lucretius shows that finite space is inconsistent with physics

(c) Lucretius shows that finite space is inconsistent with mathematics

(d) Lucretius shows that finite space is inconceivable

Ans: (d)

153. Utilitarian’s believe that the right action is that which produces the most happiness.

Which of the following claims is incompatible with the utilitarian view?

(a) The right thing to do is to make the consequences of our actions possible

(b) The right thing to do is to do our duty, whatever the consequences

(c) The right thing to do is to act on a rule which, if followed widely, produces the most happiness

(d) The right thing to do is to act from motivations which produce the most happiness

Ans: (b)

154. Senthil goes to Ambala for the first time in his life. On the way from the railway station to his hotel, he sees twelve people, all of them male. He concludes that there are no women in Ambala. In fact, there are many thousands of women in Ambala.

Which of the following best describes Senthil’s error?

(a) Senthil was misled by irrelevant details

(b) Senthil generalized based on insufficient evidence

(c) Senthil was biased against women

(d) Senthil was bad at counting

Ans: (b)

155. It took many centuries before the countries of Europe could resolve their internal problems of violence and corruption to become the stable nation-states they are. Therefore, it will take many centuries for India to achieve internal stability.

Assuming that the factual claims in the argument above are true, what must be assumed for the conclusion to follow?

(a) Countries everywhere must follow the same paths towards stability.

(b) India is gradually progressing towards internal stability.

(c) Indian can learn how to achieve stability by studying Europe’s example.

(d) India has no hope of achieving stability soon.

Ans: (b)