CLAT Common Law Admission Test Solved Paper 2011 – English, Aptitude Part 3

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16. The ideological shift of Philip Spratt to the right was caused by

(a) The demise of the Soviet Union

(b) The start of the weekly called MysIndia

(c) The books that he encountered in the prison

(d) The dissolution of his first marriage to his college friend

Ans: (c)

17. Select the statement that could be most plausibly inferred from this passage

(a) Philip Spratt and AD Shroff were members of the Forum for Free Enterprise

(b) The first two five Year Plans emphasized on the importance of private enterprise as the spearhead of economic growth

(c) PC Mahala Nobis had mooted the expulsion of foreign firms like Coca and IBM from India

(d) The hopes that the licensing regime would be liberalized after in the aftermath of the spilt in the Congress Party

Ans: (d)

18. The author alludes to nationalization of industries in 1969 to

(a) Show the contradictions between AD Shroff՚s economic views and the official economic policies of the Government of India

(b) Exemplify the shift of the Indira Gandhi led government to the ‘left’

(c) Demonstrate the ideological changes in the worldview of Philip Spratt

(d) Highlight the negative political repercussions of the decision to devalue the Indian currency

Ans: (b)

19. “Neither Philip Spratt nor AD Shroff________ able to convince Mahala Nobis,”

Select the most appropriate phrase out of the four options for filling the blank space in the aforesaid sentence.

(a) Were

(b) Are

(c) Was

(d) Is

Ans: (c)

20. The word ‘inveighed’ in this passage means

(a) Praised

(b) Recited

(c) Proclaimed

(d) Remonstrated

Ans: (d)

Directions (Q. Nos. 21 to 30) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions following that.

  • In Manu Joseph՚s debut novel Serious Men, the protagonist, Ayaan Mani, is a sly, scheming.
  • Dalit Buddhist who almost gets away with passing off his partially deaf son, Adi, as a prodigy, a genius who can recite the first 1000 prime numbers. The garb of satire where every character cut a sorry figure gives the author the license to offer one of the most bleak and pessimistic portrayal of urban Dalits. Despite his savage portrayals of Dalit (and female) characters or perhaps because of it? Serious Men has won critical appreciation from a cross-section of readers and critics.
  • At a time when a formidable body of Dalit literature writing by Dalits about Dalit lives has created a distinct space for itself, how and why is it that a novel such as Serious Men, with its gleefully skewed portrayal of an angry Dalit man, manages to win such accolades? In American literature and particularly in the case of African American authors and characters these issues of representation have been debated for decades. But in India, the sustained refusal to address issues related to caste in everyday life and the continued and unquestioned predominance of a Brahminical stranglehold over cultural production have led us to a place where non Dalit portrayal of Dalits in literature, cinema and art remains the norm.
  • The journey of modern Dalit literature has been a difficult one. But even though it has not necessarily enjoyed the support of numbers, we must engage with what Dalits are writing not simply for reason of authenticity, or as a concession to identity politics, but simply because of the aesthetic value of this body of writing, and for the insights it offers into the human condition. In a society that is still largely unwilling to recognize Dalits as equal, rights-bearing human beings, in a society that is inherently indifferent to the everyday violence against Dalits, in a society unwilling to share social and cultural resources equitably with Dalits unless mandated by law (as seen in the anti-reservation discourse) , Dalit literature has the potential to humanize non-Dalits and sensitize them to a world into which they have no insight. But before we can understand what Dalit literature is seeking to accomplish, we need first to come to terms with the stranglehold of non-Dalit representations of Dalits.
  • Rohington Mistry՚s A Fine Balance published 15 years ago, chronicles the travails of two Dalit characters uncle Ishvar and nephew Omprakash who migrate to Bombay and yet cannot escape brutality. While the present of the novel is set at the time of the era of the anti-colonial nationalist movement. During one of Dukhi՚s visits to the town, he chances upon a meeting of the Indian National Congress, where speakers spread the “Mahatma՚s message regarding the freedom struggle, the struggle for justice” , and wiping out “the disease of untouchability, ravaging us for centuries, denying dignity to our fellow human beings.”
  • Neither in the 1940s where the novels past is set, nor in the Emergency period of the 1970s when the minds and bodies Ishvar Omprakash, are savaged by the state do we find any mention of a figures like BR Ambedkar or of Dalit movements. In his ‘nationalist’ understanding of modern Indian history, Mistry seems to have not veered too far from the road charted by predecessors like Mulk Raj Anand and Premchand. Sixty years after Premchand, Mistry՚s literary imagination seems stuck in the empathy realism mode, trapping Dalits in abjection. Mistry happily continues the broad stereotype of the Dalit as a passive sufferer, without consciousness of caste politics.

21. Which of the following is the closets description of the central argument of this passage?

(a) Manu Joseph՚s novel presents a scathing portrayal of Dalits.

(b) Contemporary American literature is very cautious on politically correct representation of minorities.

(c) The last two decades have witnessed the rise of a very vibrant Dalit literature.

(d) Portrayal of Dalits by non-Dalits merely as passive victims has been the dominant norm in Indian literature, cinema, and art.

Ans: (d)

22. According to this passage, Premchand Ans Mulk Raj Anand

(a) Presented a stereotyped version of Dalit characters in their writings

(b) Excelled in writing satires on social inequality

(c) Were politically opposed to the views of BR Ambedkar

(d) Were closely involved with the leadership of the nationalist movement

Ans: (a)