Biogeographical Regionalization-Terrestrial Animals YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Watch video lecture on YouTube: Biogeographic Regionalization: Holdridge, Rapoport, MacArthur & Wilson, Pielou, Muller, Morrone

Biogeographic Regionalization: Holdridge, Rapoport, MacArthur & Wilson, Pielou, Muller, Morrone

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Biogeographical classification:

  • Major Classifications

  • Terrestrial Plants

  • Terrestrial Animals

  • Aquatic Plants & Animals

Wallace Classification

Watch video lecture on YouTube: Classification & Global Distribution of Plants and Animals - Vavilov's Genecenters

Classification & Global Distribution of Plants and Animals - Vavilov's Genecenters

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Merriam Classification

  • Based on life zones

  • Focused on North & Central American terrestrial mammal distribution

  • 6 zones explained

  • Used by ecologists

Sclater Classification

  • Based on bird taxa

  • 6 zones

Karl P. Schmidt Distribution

  • Modified Wallace distribution

  • 3 realms

Cox Classification

  • Mammal zoogeographic regions

  • 6 zones

Kuschel’s Classification

  • Plant & animal taxa from southern continents

  • Antarctica as land bridge – Austral region (Patagonia, Australia & S. Africa)

Smith Classification

  • Numerical analysis of mammal families

  • 4 regions

  • 10 sub-regions

Porches Classification

  • Distribution of bats

Kreft & Jetz Classification

  • Multivariate statistical protocol to distributional data of mammal families

  • 30 regions with 6 kingdoms

Proches & Ramdhani Classification

  • Based on composition of mammal assemblage

  • Cluster analysis

  • 4 transitions

  • 14 regions

Classification Based on Climate

  • Stenohygric: Tolerate narrow limit of humidity

  • Euryhygric: Tolerate wide limit of humidity

Classification Based on Temperature

  • Stenothermal: narrow range

    • Thermophilic: Live in high temperature

    • Cryophilic: Live in low temperature

  • Eurythermal: wide range (Zander in Europe)

Based on Food

  • Euryphagous: Can feed on variety of food (omnivores)

  • Stenophagous: feed on selective items

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