CSIR Earth Sciences June 2013 Paper

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Q:-1. What is the angle between the minute and hour hand of a clock at 7:35?

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-2. A stream of ants goes from point A to point B and return to A along the same path. All the ants move at a constant speed and from any given point 2 ants pass per second one way. It takes 1 minute for an ant to go from A to B. How many returning ants will an ant meet in its Journey from A to B?

1. 120

2. 60

3. 240

4. 180

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-3.

The capacity of the conical vessel shown

The Capacity of the Conical Vessel Shown

The capacity of the conical vessel shown

The capacity of the conical vessel shown above is V. It is filled with water up to half its height. The volume of water in the vessel is

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-4. A large tank filled with water is to be emptied by removing half of the water present in it every day. After how many days will there be closest to Equation water lest in the tank?

1. One

2. Two

3. Three

4. Four

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-5. N is a natural number. If Equation is odd, which of the following is following is true?

(A). n is odd

(B). Equation is odd

(C) Equation Is even

1. A only

2. B only

3. C only

4. A and B only

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-6. Suppose you expand the product Equation how many terms will have only one x and rest y’s?

1. 1

2. 5

3. 10

4. 20

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-7. A 16.2m long wooden log has a uniform diameter of 2 m. To what length the Equation

Should be cut to obtain a piece of Equation volume?

1. 3.5m

2. 7.0m

3. 140.0m

4. 22.0m

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-8. What is the last digit of Equation ?

1. 7

2. 9

3. 3

4. 1

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-9. A lucky man finds 6 pots of gold coins. He counts the coins in the first four pots to be 60, 30, 20 and 15, respectively. If there is a definite progression, what would be the number of coins in the next two pots?

1. 10 and 5

2. 4 and 2

3. 15 and 15

4. 12 and 10

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-10. A bee leaves its hive in the morning and after flying for 30 minute due south reaches a garden and spends 5 minutes collecting honey. Then it flies for 40 minutes due west and collects honey in another garden for 10 minutes. Then it returns to the hive taking the bee away from its hive? (Assume that the bee flies at constant speed)

1. 85 min

2.155min

3. 135n

4. Less than 1 hour

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-11. Find the missing number:

Find the missing number

Find the Missing Number

Find the missing number

1. 1

2. 0

3. 2

4. 3

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-12. In solving a quadratic equation of the from Equation , one student took the wrong value of a and got the roots as 6 and 2; while another student took wrong value o f b and got the roots as 6 and 1. What are the correct values of a and respectively?

1. 7 and 12

2. and 4

3. -7 and 12

4. 8 And 12

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-13. The distance between two oil rigs is 6km. What will be the distance between these rigs in maps of 1:50000 and 1:5000 scales, respectively?

1. 12m and 1.2cm

2. cm and 12cm

3. 120cm and 12cm

4. 12cm and 120cm

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-14. A bird perched at the top of a 12m high tree sees a centipede moving towards the base of the tree from a distance equal to twice the height of the tree. The bird flies along a straight line to catch the centipede. If both move at the same speed, at what distance from the base of the base of the tree will the centipede be picked up by the bird?

1. 16m

2. 9m

3. 12m

4. 24m

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-15. An ant goes from A to C in the figure crawling only on the lines and taking the least length of path. The number of ways in which it can do so it

A to C in the figure crawling only on the lines and taking the least length of path

A to C in the Figure Crawling

A to C in the figure crawling only on the lines and taking the least length of path

1. 2

2. 4

3. 5

4. 6

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-16. A point is chosen at random from a circulate disc shown below. What is the probability that the point lies in the sector OAB?

A point is chosen at random from a circulate disc shown below

A Point Is Chosen at Random From a Circulate Disc Shown Below

A point is chosen at random from a circulate disc shown below

  1. Equation

  2. Equation

  3. Equation

  4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-17.

A ray of light, after getting reflected twice from a hemispherical mirror of radius R

A Ray of Light, After Getting Reflected Twice

A ray of light, after getting reflected twice from a hemispherical mirror of radius R

A ray of light, after getting reflected twice from a hemispherical mirror of radius R (see the above figure), emerges parallel to the incident ray. The separation of the incident ray. The Separation of the original incident ray and the final reflected ray is

1. R

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-18. A king ordered that a golden crown be made from him from Equation of gold Equation of silver. The goldsmith took away some amount of gold and replaced it by an equal amount of silver and crown when made weighed Equation Archimedes knew that under water gold lost Equation of its weight, while silver lost Equation . When the crown was weighed under water, it was Equation how much gold was stolen by the goldsmith?

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-19. In the figure how many number of circle in the black space?

Part ‘B’

Q:-21. Which one of the following represents the correct sequence of events leading to the buildup of oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere?

1. Condensation of water, appearance of life, weathering

2. Appearance of life, condensation of water, weathering

3. Condensation of water, weathering, appearance of life

4. Condensation of water, weathering, appearance of life

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-22. The isotope Equation is produced in the Earth’s atmosphere by the interaction of cosmic rays with

1. Equation Resulting in release of an Equation particle

2. Equation Absorbing a neutron and releasing a proton

3. Equation Resulting in the addition of two Equation particles

4. Equation Absorbing a neutron

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-23. For the determination of Palaeomagnetic pole position, igneous rocks studied should contain minerals that are:

1. Parameter with high Curie temperature

2. Parameter with low Curie temperature

3. ferromagnetic with high Curie temperature

4. ferromagnetic with low Curie temperature

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-24. Ratio of elemental abundance of the bulk Earth is sillier to that of

1. Basaltic Achondritic

2. Chondritic

3. Equation Meteorites

4. Moon

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-25. The schistose texture of metamorphic rocks is best describe as

1. Roughly foliated, alternating parallel bands of light and dark coloured minerals

2. Well foliated, consisting dominantly of mica minerals large enough to be recognized

3. Foliated, but with fine-grained mineral

4. Non-foliated, interlocked minerals.

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-26. The space lattice structure of minerals is determined using

1. Chemical analysis

2. Spectroscopic method

3. X-ray diffraction

4. Scanning electron microscopy

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-27. All ocean floors are made up of rock no order than 200 million years, because

1. Ocean floors did not exist prior to this time

2. Older ocean floor is covered by lavas of younger ages

3. Older ocean floor is consumed by subduction

4. Older ocean floor is metamorphosed to Ophiolite

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-28. Which one of the following planets spine differently relative to the others?

1. Earth

2. Jupiter

3. Mars

4. Venus

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-29. A scientist measures the Equation depth in Bangalore, Almora and Leh as Equation and observes:

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-30. The following figure shows a transform fault across a mid-oceanic ride. The foci of the fault-associated earthquakes should be distributed in the region between

The following figure shows a transform fault across a mid-oceanic ride

Transform Fault Across a Mid-Oceanic Ride

The following figure shows a transform fault across a mid-oceanic ride

1. B and C only

2. A and B only

3. C and D only

4. A and D

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-31. During layer-parallel contraction, two stiff layer A and B of the same viscosity with thickness 2 and Equation , produce buckle folds in a rock. The radio their initial wavelengths, Equation will be:

1. 1

2. Equation

3. 2

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-32. The speed of the Gulf Stream is approximately

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-33. Average rainfall on a rainy day over the plains in India is about

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-34. If the density of the Earth’s atmosphere is kept constant with height at the surface value, what would be its thickness?

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-35. A viewer on the Earth sees a red Sun at sunset because

1. Sunlight traverses its shortest distance through the atmosphere

2. All of the red-wavelength light is scattered out the direct beam

3. Sunlight traverses its longest distance through the atmosphere at sunset

4. Sun is actually red in color

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-36. Which of the following properties of seawater is non-conservative?

1. Temperature

2. Salinity

3. Oxygen isotopic composition

4. Dissolved organic carbon

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-37. The lapses rate in the troposphere and the mesosphere are

1. Both negative

2. Positive and negative respectively

3. Negative and positive respectively

4. Both positive

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-38. Global warming is mainly due to the absorption of

1. Solar radiation by Equation

2. UV radiation in the stratosphere

3. Terrestrial radiation by troposphere gases

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-39. During the solstices,

1. Noon rays of the Sun fall vertically over the equator

2. Noon rays of the Sun fall vertically only over the Tropic of Cancer.

3. Noon rays of the Sun fall vertically either over Equation latitude.

4. Days are longer and nights are shorter in the northern hemisphere.

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-40. Cold eastern boundary current in the ocean desiccate the overlaying atmosphere and cause desert in the mid-latitude on adjoining continents. Which of the following currents is responsible for the Namib Desert?

1. Peruvian current

2. W. Australian current

3. Benguela current

4. Agulhaus current

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-41

The figure above represents the circulation of

The Figure Above Represents the Circulation Of

The figure above represents the circulation of

The figure above represents the circulation of

1. A cyclone in the southern hemisphere

2. A cyclone in the northern hemisphere

3. An anticyclone in the southern hemisphere

4. An anticyclone in the northern hemisphere

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-42.

In the figure above, Q and R are water table in dry and wet seasons.

Q and R Are Water Table in Dry and Wet Seasons.

In the figure above, Q and R are water table in dry and wet seasons.

In the figure above, Q and R are water table in dry and wet seasons. Which of the three wells (A; B; C) is expected to have water throughout the year?

1. C only

2. B only

3. A only

4. A and B

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-43. Which one of the following agents of denudation operates over the widest geographical extend?

1. Glaciers

2. Winds

4. Rivers

5. Ground water

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-44. By what angle is the Earth’ rotational axis included relative to the eclipse (the orbital plane of the Earth)?

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation Equation

4. Equation Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-45. The confluence of three streams A,B,C of equal width Equation is shown below. Water depth is the same everywhere. The water velocities (v) are also shown.

The confluence of three streams A,B,C of equal width (10 m) is shown below

Confluence of Three Streams a,B,C

The confluence of three streams A,B,C of equal width (10 m) is shown below

What is the value of x in Equation ?

1. 3

2. 2

3. 6

4. -2

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-46. Sr is generally present as a trace element in calcite Equation and gregoryite Equation

However, its concentration is much higher in the former compared to the latter. This is because

1. Calcite is a low temperature mineral

2. The ionic size of Equation is smaller than of Sr

3. Sr is highly mobile in the high temperature environment where gregoryite froms

4. The ionic size and charge of Sr are similar to those of Ca

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-47. Which one of the natural processes would likely remove a large amount of carbon from our atmosphere permanently?

1. Increase biological productivity

2. Lowering of the temperature of surface oceans

3. Large scale precipitation of carbonates

4. Enhanced physical weathering of rocks

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-48. What makes inner planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) very different from the giant outer planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune) of our solar system?

1. They possess nitrogen dominated atmospheres

2. They do not possess ring

3. They are predominantly made up of silicates and metals

4. All the water present in them is in liquid from

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-49. The disappearance of dinosaurs marks the end of which geologic Era?

1. Precambrian

2. Cambrian

3. Cenozoic

4. Mesozoic

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-50. Charcoal and graphite both have the same composition, Yet Charcoal burns, but graphite does not, since

1. Charcoal has a porous structure

2. Graphite has high lubrication property

3. Graphite has low packing density

4. Charcoal has a high calorific value

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-51. If X-ray diffractograms of Equation and Equation crystals are recorded, which of the following statement is correct?

Equation And Equation show similar‘d’ spacing value

Equation Shows higher ‘d’ spacing than that of Equation

Equation shows a lower ‘d’ spacing values than Equation

Equation shows more number of X-ray peaks than Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-52. Which one of the following may not control the base level changes of rivers?

1. Sea level

2. Lowest point of the river valley

3. The surface of lakes

4. Lithology of river valley

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-53. Evaporating groundwater cause the formation of

1. Laterites

2. Alkali soils

3. Sink holes

4. Podsol

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-54. Mechanical weathering acts as a feedback process of increasing the rate of chemical weathering by

1. Increasing the surface area of the rock

2. Decreasing the surface area of the rock

3. Generating a huge pile of talus

4. Oxidizing the exposed surface

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-55. Equation . The equilibrium of the above reaction will shift to the ring in

1. Polar region

2. Greater depth in ocean

3. Equatorial region

4. Higher altitude

View Answer with Explanation

Q:- 56. A delta may start getting eroded when

1. The rainfall in catchment increases

2. Uplift takes place in catchment region

3. Polar ice volume increase

4. Polar ice start melting

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-57. There is a larger number of coral reefs in the Arabian Sea than in the Bay of Bengal because the Arabian Sea has

1. Higher temperature

2. Higher nutrient supply

3. Less suspended load sediments

4. Higher salinity

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-58. Which of the following data was used to confirm Hess’s sea-floor spreading hypothesis?

1. Magnetic anomalies on the sea floor

2. Geometric fit of continents

3. Apparent polar wander paths

4. Different fossils on continents

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-59. All the names, western Siberia – Karroo – Parana – Deccan are related to

1. Glacial boulder beds

2. Continental flood basalts

3. Large diamond mines

4. Coal basin

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-60. In the western boundary of oceans, the Ekman current induced by surface winds transports water

1. along the wind

2. Opposite to the wind

3. Equation towards the right of the wind

4. Equation to the left of the wind

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-61. The much higher mean surface temperature of Venus Equation than that of the earth Equation is due to

1. Its proximity to Sun

2. Continuous bombardment of planetesimals

3. Very high Equation in its atmosphere

4. Large convective mantle

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-62. The thermal infrared region of electromagnetic radiation has the wavelength range of

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-63. Which one of the following indicates river migration?

1. Meandering

2. Unmarried flood plain

3. Braiding

4. Rapid

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-64 A large number of beach ridge and swale complexes in the coastal region indicates

1. Marine transgression

2. Heavy sediment inflow from rivers

3. Frequent change in littoral current

4. Marine regression

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-65. Equation Are the observed gravity fields in a valley, on a plane surface and on the top of a mounting on the same latitude, respectively, then?

1. Equation Will be less then Equation

2. Equation Will be less then Equation

3. Equation Will be less then Equation

4. Equation Will be less then Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-66. For surface observation made in the high frequency rang Equation , the electromagnetic behavior of a geological material is largely controlled by

1. Dielectric Constant

2. Magnetic permeability

3. Electrical resistivity

4. Porosity

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-67. In regions of plate convergence, the continental crust does not sub duct to a greater depth, because of its

1. Lower density

2. Higher density

3. Lower viscosity

4. Higher viscosity

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-68. Compared to the continental crust, the rocks of the upper mantel are

1. Richer in iron and have larger susceptibility value

2. Richer in iron, but have smaller susceptibility values

3. Poorer in iron and have smaller susceptibility values

4. Poorer I iron, but have higher susceptibility values

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-69. The Earth’s magnetic field at poles in twice that at the equator. If the Earth rotates twice faster than present, the ration would be

1. 2

2. Equation

3. 4

4. 8

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-70. Compared to the normal crust, an isostatically undercompensated land mass has a

1. Thinner crust and undergoes upliftment

2. Thinner crust and undergoes subsidence

3. Thinker crust and undergoes upliftment

4.Thinker crust and undergoes subsidence

View Answer with Explanation

PART ‘C’

Q:-71. A body centered space group with a four-fold screw axis is abbreviated as:

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

B Statement I:

The X-ray powder diffraction pattern a body centered cubic crystal is found to have fewer diffraction lines than that of the primitive one.

Statement II:

1. Systematic extinction of diffraction peaks occur in body centered crystals.

2. Statement I and II are true and II explains I.

3. Statement I and II are false.

4. Statement I is false but II s true

5. Statement I and II are true, but II does explain I.

View Answer with Explanation

C. The unit cell parameter of a tetragonal crystal, namely, cell edges (a and c), number of formula units (z) and formula units(z) and formula are given. Its density can be calculated by:

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-72. A. The stereographic projection of the fold axis (F) and the axial planes (AP) in two regions, I and II, are shown below

The stereographic projection of the fold axis (F) and the axial planes (AP) in two regions

The Stereographic Projection of the Fold Axis

The stereographic projection of the fold axis (F) and the axial planes (AP) in two regions

The Folds in I and II are then:

1. I = upright, plunging fold and II = reclined fold.

2. I = inclined, plunging fold and II = horizontal fold.

3. I = recline fold and II = vertical fold.

4. I = vertical fold and II = horizontal fold.

View Answer with Explanation

B. Under a compressive tectonic stress, the faulting in rocks with coulomb friction occurs along the plane of maximum effective shear stress. If the angle of friction is Equation ,the inclination of fault to the compression direction would be:

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

C. The figure shows two differently oriented deformable beds in a ductile shear zone undergoing simple share motion. What will happen to Equation with progressive shearing?

The figure shows two differently oriented deformable beds in a ductile shear zone undergoing simple share motion

The Figure Shows Two Differently Oriented Deformable Beds

The figure shows two differently oriented deformable beds in a ductile shear zone undergoing simple share motion

1. Continuous stretching of Equation

2. Shorting followed by extension of Equation whereas continuous extension of Equation

3. Continues shorting of both Equation

4. Extension followed by shortening of Equation and extension Equation .

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-73.A A batch of magma on its passage to surface undergoes slow cooling, has low nucleation rate but high rate of crystal growth. Upon its eruption what would be the resultant texture?

1. Porphyritic

2. Hypidiomorphic

3. Aplitic

4. Glassy

View Answer with Explanation

B Arrange the minerals in the increasing order of entropy.

1. Microcline, Sanidine, Orthoclase

2. Orthoclase, Sanidine, Microcline

3. Sanidine, Microcline, Orthoclase

4. Microcline, Orthoclase, Sanidine

View Answer with Explanation

C. Latent heat fusion of a mineral is Equation and on melting its entropy increases by Equation What is the temperature of melting?

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-74. A A basalt contains Equation by weight. What would be the value of Equation ? (Hint: Equation represent Equation of the total iron)

1. Equation

2. Equation

4. Equation

5. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

B Chemical analysis of an igneous rock yielded the following results:

Equation Equation Equation

What is the name of the rock?

1. Kimberlite

2. Carbonatie

3. Anrthosite

4. Lamprophyre

View Answer with Explanation

C. A large-ion-lithophile-element (LILE) depleted mantel source is undergoing partial melting. The Chondritic-normalized rare-earth-element (REE) contents of two different magma batches (M1 and M2) are depict in the below. What percentage of melting would they likely represent?

A large-ion-lithophile-element (LILE) depleted mantel source is undergoing partial melting

Large-Ion-Lithophile-Element (LILE)

A large-ion-lithophile-element (LILE) depleted mantel source is undergoing partial melting

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-75 A In natural system the lanthanides (Rare Earth Elements) occur in +3 oxidation state. Equation Also occur respectively in:

1. +2 and +4

2. +4 and +2

3. +2 and +2

4. +5 and +4

View Answer with Explanation

B. An igneous rock mainly made up of cumulate plagioclase feldspars will have Chondritic normalized REE pattern with

1. Positive Ce anomaly

2. Negative Ce anomaly

3. Positive Eu anomaly

4. No Ce or Eu anomaly

View Answer with Explanation

C. Equation nodules of hydrogenuse origin have distinct negative Equation anomaly in shale normalized REE patterns. This is dule to

(1) Equation Cannot be accommodating in minerals that are in Equation nodules.

(2) The REE pattern of shale has strong positive Ce anomaly which results in negative Ce anomaly of shale normalized Equation nodules.

(3) Equation Being highly mobile, it is removed from the Equation nodules to the surrounding abyssal sediments.

(4) Ce is depleted relative to other REE in the sea water and hence the Equation nodules also develop negative Equation anomaly.

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-76.A In the light of metamorphic facies concept state which one of the politic assemblages would be complete with the assemblage of epidotic-actinalite-chlorite for a mafic rock.

1. Lawsonite-muscovite-biotie

2. Kainite-muscovite-biotitie

3. Pyrophylite-muscovite-biotitic

4. Kyanite-granet-biotie-plagioclase

View Answer with Explanation

B. A rock contains the following minerals: muscovite Equation , Equation Feldspar Equation , Sillimanite Equation ,Quartz Equation .Deduce the components and state if the phases have univariant or divariant reaction relationship.

  1. Equation ; divariant

  2. Equation ; univariant

  3. Equation ; univariant

  4. Equation ; divariant

View Answer with Explanation

C. if a rock of politic composition is subjected to eclogite facies of metamorphism what mineral assemblage would be developed?

(1) Stisthovite-Kyanite-Garnet

(2) Quartz-mulltie-Garnet

(3) Coesite-kyanite-Phlogopite

(4) Kyanite-Sillimanite-Pyrope

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-77. A submarine debris flow evolved into a turbidity current while moving along the continental slope. The corresponding fluid flow would then:

1. Change from turbulent to laminar

2. Change from laminar to turbulent

3. Remain unchanged

4. Oscillate between laminar and turbulent

View Answer with Explanation

B. Drilling struck oil in a buried coral reef system in the offshore Bombay Hight.Two facies namely, ‘Reef Crest’ and ‘Fore reef talus’ were identified. Choose the correct combination of facies-lithology-reservoir property from below:

1. Reef crest – Bound stone – High permeable

2. Fore reef talus – Grain stone – Low permeable

3. Reef crest – Grain stone - Low permeable

4. Fore reef talus – Bound stone – High permeable

View Answer with Explanation

C. The following figure depicts a meandering river system terminating as a delta with its sub-marine counterpart. Graphic sedimentary logs as point A, B and C are shown in the figure below.

Graphic sedimentary logs as point A, B and C are shown in the figure below.

Sedimentary Logs as Point a, B and C

Graphic sedimentary logs as point A, B and C are shown in the figure below.

Identify the correct depositional succession from the following combinations:

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-78. Planktonic foraminiferal assemblages in sediment cores are used in paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic reconstructions. Changes in diversity, abundance, coiling pattern, and morphology and preservation condition of various species are important parameters considered for interpreting the assemblage recorded.

A Identify the wrong statement

1. Species diversity decreases from warm to cold water mass conditions

2. Sinistrally coiled shell in Equation predominate in cold water mass conditions

3. Nature of planktonic foraminiferal assemblage is primarily related to the bottom water mass conditions.

4. Planktonic foraminifera are poorly preserved in sediments below the carbonate lysocline.

View Answer with Explanation

B Choose the correct statement.

1. Different species of planktonic foraminifera tend to live at different depths in the water column.

2. They are more susceptible to the dissolution as compared to the pteropods.

3. They are abundant in self-area then the deep ocean sediments.

4. Their shells are aragonite in composition.

View Answer with Explanation

C. Deep sea records of low latitude regions during certain time intervals in the Quaternary contain abundant cold temperature species and sinisterly coiled Equation indicating:

1. Interglacial cycles

2. Glacial cycles

3. Intensification of tropical upwelling

4. Intensification of Antarctic Bottom water formation.

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-79. Photosynthesis and silicate weathering consume Equation , which can be shown by the following reactions.

Equation

Equation

A. The reason for the alkaline Equation of surface water is

1. Silicate weathering produces Equation

2. High organic matter production

3. High total dissolved salts in water

4. High suspended particulate matter in waters

View Answer with Explanation

B Reaction No. 1 sequester Equation provided the organic matter produced is

1. Buried with the sediments

2. Decomposed in the soil

3. Recycled back to the forest ecosystem

4. Converted to food grains through agriculture

C Reaction no.2 of silicate weathering is not responsible for

View Answer with Explanation

1. Climate change in geological time scales

2. Decadal to century scale climatic changes

3. Nutrient supply to the plants

4. Acid rain buffering

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-80. A Which of the following is true for a rejuvenated topography?

1. Broad valley with huge flood plain

2. Meandering river with Oxbow lake and cut-off meanders

3. Incised river with entrenched meanders

4. Excessive braiding

View Answer with Explanation

B In a vast Pediplain country there are scanty mounds having lithological similarity with the surrounding rocks. This condition of a terrain indicates which of the following?

1. Palin country with number of intrusive plugs

2. Very young topography

3. Matured topography

4. Yet to attain maturity

View Answer with Explanation

C. A convex coast having bundles of beach ridges, swales, back water, indicates one of the following character of the coast

1. Erosion

2. Subsidence

3. Emergence

4. Dormancy

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-81. A On the day of vernal equinox, the shadow cast by a tower Equation high was Equation long, pointing towards North. The latitude of the region is

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

B Which of the following could be one of the hottest days in the year at New Zealand?

1. 25 December

2. 22 July

3. 1 December

4. 21 March

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C. When the local time is noon on a ship, the Greenwich mean time is Equation . The longitude of its location is

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-81. What is the ground coverage of Equation pixel dimension agricultural land in the Equation image?

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

B. A highly undulatory terrain of different types of vegetation is imaged with an illumination from west. Which specific digital image processing technique will provide a better interpretation of all vegetation types broadly?

1. Density slicing

2. Linear stretching

3. Ratioing

4. Filtering

View Answer with Explanation

C. Assume that the relief displacement for a tower ‘A’ is Equation and the radial distance from the center of the photo to the top of the tower is Equation . If the flying height is Equation above the base of the base of the tower, find the height of the tower.

1. Equation

2. Equation

3. Equation

4. Equation

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-83.

Figure shows the reconstruction global air temperature anomalies during 700AD

Global Air Temperature Anomalies

Figure shows the reconstruction global air temperature anomalies during 700AD

Figure shows the reconstruction global air temperature anomalies during Equation

To Equation

A Such high resolution reconstruction are usually based on

1. Corals

2. Lake Sediments

3. Ocean sediments

4. Tree ring

View Answer with Explanation

B Identity the little Ice Age in the figure

1. A to B

2. B to C

3. C to D

4. A to C

View Answer with Explanation

C In the above figure where is the rate of change of temperature the largest?

1. Between A and X

2. Between X and B

3. Between Y and C

4. Between Z and D

View Answer with Explanation

Q:-84. A Warm Ocean current helps maintaining grasslands in the adjoining continents. Choose the correct matches from among the following grassland with the corresponding ocean currents:

Choose the correct matches
Choose the correct matches
  1. Pampas

  1. Agulhas current

  • Veld

  • East Australian current

  • Downs

  • South Atlantic current

  • Stepper

  • Gulf stream

  • 1. Equation

    2. Equation

    3. Equation

    4. Equation

    View Answer with Explanation

    B. Cold Ocean current cause desert in the adjoining contains. Choose the correct matches from among the following deserts with the corresponding ocean currents:

    Choose the correct matches from among the following deserts
    Choose the correct matches from among the following deserts
    1. Sahara

    1. Canaries current

  • Mohave/Mojove

  • W.Austalian current

  • Australian Desert

  • California current

  • Atacama

  • Benguela current

  • 1. Equation

    2. Equation 1

    3. Equation

    4. Equation

    View Answer with Explanation

    C. Desert are mostly confined to Equation to Equation of latitudes on either side of the equator because

    (1) This region receives the maximum solar radiation

    (2) Atmospheric motion in the region is convergent at the ground level

    (3) Soils in these regions have poor fertility

    (4) Atmospheric motion is mostly sinking type of motion in these regions.

    View Answer with Explanation

    Q:-85.A Transverse dunes from in a region where

    1. Sand is abundant and vegetation is scarce

    2. Sand supply is limited and winds are unidirectional

    3. Sand supply is moderate and winds are unidirectional

    4. Sand supply is limited and vegetation is dense

    View Answer with Explanation

    B. Sedimentary structure formed in coarse sand in response to increasing stream velocity follow one of the following orders

    1. Lower plane bend Equation dunes Equation upper plane bend Equation Antidune

    2. Ripple Equation dune Equation upper plane bend Equation Antidune

    3. Wave Equation ripple Equation dune Equation antidune

    4. Ripple Equation lower plane bend Equation dunes Equation antidune

    View Answer with Explanation

    C. Limestone are generally formed in shallow shelf region along coastline that has

    1. Warm water, rich nutrient supply and less detrital input

    2. Warm water, rich in nutrients and abundant detrital input

    3. Cold water, rich in nutrients and abundant detrital input

    4. Cold water, rich in nutrient and less detrital input

    View Answer with Explanation

    Q:-86. A Identity the correct statement:

    1. Artesian well are permanent source of fresh water

    2. Artesian well water lack in dissolved minerals

    3. Artesian wells are usually more than 300 m deep

    4. Artesian wells are formed in regions where a permeable layer (e.g. sandstone) is sandwiched between two impermeable layer (e.g clay)

    View Answer with Explanation

    B Which one of the following regions has a high potential for artesian wells?

    1. Western Ghats

    2. Kaveri Delta

    3. Deccan traps

    4. Himalava

    View Answer with Explanation

    C. Which of the following has the greatest negative influence on ground water recharge?

    1. Urbanization

    2. Population pressure

    3. Climatic change

    4. Deforestation

    View Answer with Explanation

    Q:-87. The following figure shows an E-W cross-section of a topography with a sudden rise in elevation by Equation at a location B, and which is otherwise even everywhere.

    Gravity observations were made at widely separated stations A, B, C and D and also At E in a borehole at a depth of Equation below D. The topographic material has an average density Equation such that Equation gravitational constant.

    The following figure shows an E-W cross-section of a topography with a sudden rise in elevation by 100m at a location B

    E-W Cross-Section of a Topography.

    The following figure shows an E-W cross-section of a topography with a sudden rise in elevation by 100m at a location B

    A. Compared to A, the gravimeter reading at B is

    1. Same as that of A

    2. Smaller by Equation

    3. Smaller by Equation

    4. Larger by Equation

    View Answer with Explanation

    B Compared to B, the gravimeter reading at C is smaller bt

    1. Equation

    2. Equation

    3. Equation

    4. Equation

    View Answer with Explanation

    C. Compared to D, the gravimeter reading at E is

    1. Smaller Equation