E-Waste: Definitions, Classification and E-Waste Management in India

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Definitions

  • Also known as Electronic waste refers to electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) which is ceased to be of any value to its owners.

  • According to the E-waste (management) rules 2016, Government of India, e-waste’ means electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment and repair processes.

Classification

Classification Of E-waste In India

Classification of E-Waste in India

E-Waste Management in India

Inventory Management

Controlling raw materials and materials in manufacturing process

Production-Process Modification

It is done by three different ways:

  • Improved operating and maintenance procedures

  • Material change

  • Process-equipment modification

Volume Reduction

  • Hazardous portion of a waste is separated from non-hazardous portion

  • Achieved through source segregation and waste concentration.

Recovery and Reuse

This minimizes or eliminates the waste disposal costs

E-Waste Treatment

  • Manual dismantling

  • Mechanical processing

  • Refining

E-Waste Regulation in India

  • E-waste is regarded as a hazardous waste

  • E-waste management and handling rules- 2011

  • Came to be known as e-waste (management) rules 2016 from October 2016 after amendment.

  • Bases on the principle of EPR

Multiple Choice Questions

1. E-waste managements rule came during which among the following years?

  1. 2011

  2. 2013

  3. 2016

  4. 2019

Answer: c

2. EEE stands for

  1. Electrical and electronic equipment

  2. Electronic and electrical equipment

  3. Electric and electronic equipment

  4. Electronic and electrical equipment

Answer: a

3. Which among the following is e-waste treatment method?

  1. Manual dismantling

  2. Mechanical processing

  3. Refining

  4. All of the above

Answer: d

4. E-waste management and handling rules came in

  1. 2016

  2. 2013

  3. 2012

  4. 2011

Answer: d

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