Competitive Exams: Current Affairs 2011: International Institutions

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International Institutions

Referendum for Alternative Vote (AV) system in UK/Britain Says N-t-AV

  • British voters have overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to abandon the current first-past-the-post voting system in favour of Alternative Vote (AV) in which people rank candidates in order of preference.
  • Up to 70 per cent of those who voted in a referendum, held on 5, may 2011, said no to AV.
  • Britains first nationwide referendum in more than 30 years was called at the insistence of Lib Dems as part of their demand for broader electoral reforms and a condition for joining the coalition.
  • The Tories (or The Conservative Party) campaigned on a no platform arguing that AV practised only in Australia, Fiji and Papua New Guinea was complicated, more expensive and less fair than first-past-thepost system.
  • The Opposition Labour party was divided on the issue with its leader Ed Miliband backing a change while nearly half the party, including some senior figures, in the opposite bloc. Campaigned for Leader Liberal Democrats. YES Nick Clegg Conservative Party N-David Cameron Labour Party divided Gordon Brown United Nations Security Council Resolution 1976
  • Decides to consider special courts to deal with piracy off the coast of Somalia
  • 11 April 2011
  • Vote: 15 0 0 Egyptian Constitution Changes Pass in Referendum
  • 77 percent of the vote in favor according to final results.
  • The changes eliminate restrictions on political rights and open the way for parliamentary and presidential elections within months.

Type-66 Agreement/IAEA Approves Safeguards for New Pakistani Reactors

  • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) gave its approval to a safeguards agreement for tw-new reactors that Pakistan said China was building for it at Chashma.
  • The Type-66 agreement for the tw-reactors approved by the IAEAs 35-nation Board of Governors was identical to similar agreements already in place for Chashma-1 and Chashma-2.
  • Ignoring NSG, China gets approval for transfer of Chashma-3 & 4 United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973
  • The resolution demands an immediate ceasefire and authorizes the international community to establish a no-fly zone over Libya and to use all means necessary short of foreign occupation to protect civilians.
  • Ten Security Council members voted in the affirmative (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Gabon, Lebanon, Nigeria, Portugal, South Africa, and permanent members France, the United Kingdom, and the United States) . Five (Brazil, Germany, and India, and permanent members China and Russia) abstained, with none opposed.
  • The Security Council resolution was proposed by France, Lebanon, and the United Kingdom.

Courtesy: The Hindu and Times of India

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