Competitive Exams: Current Affairs 2011: Millennium Development Goals

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Millennium Development Goals

The eight goals and the results

  • There is no doubt that the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and their framework of accountability have served the world well. They have not only provided a much-needed sense of direction to national plans and international cooperation, they have also delivered measurable results.
  • All around the world, we have seen efforts to achieve MDG-based targets improve the lives of millions of people.
  • However, we are still far from achieving what we set out to do. Too many people remain caught in extreme poverty, too many remain hungry and sick, too many mothers die in childbirth, and too many children still do not go to school. We are also not yet doing enough to meet basic needs and fulfil basic rights, to protect the environment, to build effective international partnerships for development, or to harness private entrepreneurship to deliver public goods and services to those in need.
  • The challenges are still great and the circumstances have not become any easier since the Millennium Summit.

Political Will

  • Revitalising the political will to achieve the MDGs, and scaling up proven interventions, is the linchpin to success. As instigator and guardian of the MDGs, the U. N. Has an important role to play in this process and the High Level Advocacy Group created by Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon is a welcome step in the right direction.
  • The primary responsibility, however, rests with national leaders. Their challenge is to rearticulate a compelling case for global solidarity and equitable growth. One that embraces but goes beyond aid. One that addresses the growing inequalities between male and female, rural and urban, rich and poor. One that does not measure development and progress purely in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) but also of the quality and sustainability of growth.
  • The message must be that the achievement of the MDGs is not optional, but an essential investment in a fairer, safer and more prosperous world.

Courtesy: The Hindu and Times of India